Pamphobeteus crassifemur , BERTANI, Rogério, Fukushima, Caroline Sayuri & ISMAEL DA SILVA Junior, Pedro, 2008

BERTANI, Rogério, Fukushima, Caroline Sayuri & ISMAEL DA SILVA Junior, Pedro, 2008, Two new species of Pamphobeteus Pocock 1901 (Araneae: Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae) from Brazil, with a new type of stridulatory organ, Zootaxa 1826, pp. 45-58: 48-51

publication ID

zt01826p058

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/36E7FF3B-4631-4B9D-4879-255EA358C712

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Pamphobeteus crassifemur
status

sp. nov.

Pamphobeteus crassifemur  sp. nov.

(Figs 1-12, 19. Tables 1, 2)

Xenesthis  sp. Lucas 1982: 351 (misidentification).

Diagnosis: - Males resemble those of P. antinous, P. grandis  sp. nov., P. petersi, P. ultramarinus  and P. vespertinus  by the broad embolus. They can be distinguished by the thickened femora, especially the 3rd pair (Fig. 5). This characteristic feature is also diagnostic for females (Fig. 8).

Material examined: - Holotype male IBSP 8330, Brazil: Rondônia: Samuel Hydroelectric Power Station Dam, IBSP Faunal Rescue Team of Collectors, 9 Feb 1989.  Paratype female IBSP 4945, as for holotype but, M. Costa, 10 Feb 1989. 

Additional material examined: - BRAZIL: Rondônia: Porto Velho, dam of Samuel Hydroelectric Power Station, IBSP 12395, 1 female, 9 Feb 1989 and 1 immature, 30 Jan 1989;  IBSP 12394, 1 female, 20 Dec 1998 and 1 immature, 30 Jan 1989;  IBSP 12396, 1 female, 9 Feb 1988 and 1 immature, 20 Dec 1988;  IBSP 12392, 1 female, 10 Feb 1989 and 1 immature, 30 Jan 1989;  IBSP 12397, 1 female, 9 Jan 1989;  IBSP 12393, 1 female, 10 Feb1989 and 1 immature, 9 Jan 1989;  IBSP 12391, 1 female and 1 immature, 10 Feb 1989;  IBSP 4945, 1 female, M. Costa col., 10 Feb 1989;  IBSP 4946, 1 female, 2 immatures;  IBSP 11132, 1 male;  IBSP 10324, 1 male, 10 Feb 1989;  IBSP 11142, 1 female;  IBSP 7025, 1 female, M. Costa col.;  IBSP 8332, 1 male, 12 Dec 1988;  IBSP 8330, 1 male, 9 Feb 1989;  IBSP 10320, 1 female, 10 Feb 1989;  Montenegro , IBSP 10378, 1 male, R. Bertani col., 22 Jul– 2 Aug 2002;  Pimenta Bueno, Tchegau Farm, IBSP 4548, 1 female, R. S. G. Almeida col., Jun 1989;  Casseterite mineration area, between Alto Candaias and Massangana, IBSP 4096, 1 female, C. Froelich ded. May 1971;  Mato Grosso: Barracao Queimado, 120 km from Vilhena, BR-29 road, IBSP 3633, 1 female, Dr. H. Araujo ded., 28 Sep 1962. 

Etymology: - The specific name is taken from the Latin, crassus  meaning “thick” and femur, a feature of the legs of males and females of this species.

Description: Holotype male. Total length, not including chelicerae or spinnerets 57. Cephalothorax 28.81 long, 27.31 wide. Anterior eye row procurved, posterior row recurved. Eyes sizes and inter-distances: AME 0.75, ALE 0.60, PME 0.74, PLE 1.02, AME–AME 0.56, AME–ALE 0.46, AME–PME 0.42, ALE–ALE 2.26, ALE–PME 0.48, PME–PME 1.75, PME–PLE 0.21, PLE–PLE 3.05, ALE–PLE 0.66. Eye tubercle: length 3.05, width 3.71; clypeus 1.5. Fovea: deep, straight, 4.72 long. Cephalic area moderately raised. Thoracic striae conspicuous. Labium: length 3.62, width 3.73, with 72 cuspules. Maxillae: between 100-200 cuspules spread across inner edge. Sternum: length 13.55, width 9.02. Sigilla: small anterior pairs, less than one diameter from margin and larger posterior pair, more than two diameters from margin. Chelicerae: 11 teeth decreasing in size from distal area and row of small teeth on promargin. Tarsi I–IV densely scopulate. Metatarsi I - II fully scopulate; III 1/2 densely scopulate; IV 1/3 densely scopulate. All femora thickened, mainly 3rd pair (Fig. 5). Spination: femora and patellae I–IV and palp 0; tibiae palp v0 –0– 1, p0 –1– 0; I 0, II v0 –1– 2(ap), p1 –0– 0; III v0 –1– 2(ap), IV v0 –1– 0; metatarsi I 0, II v1 –0– 0, III v0 –2– 3 (2 ap), r0 –0– 1, IV v11 (2ap), p2 –0– 1. Spiniform setae on prolateral coxae I, retro- and prolateral coxae II–III, retrolateral coxae IV; prolateral/dorsal trochantera I, prolateral/dorsal and retrolateral/dorsal trochantera II–III, retrolateral trochantera IV (Figs 9-12). STC with small teeth. PLS articles length: apical 6.28, medial 4.04 and basal 4.72. PMS rounded, small. Urticating hair types I and III present. Cephalothorax and abdomen dark brown with red-brown hairs. Femora, patellae and tibiae with conspicuous stripes. Slight purple sheen on femora. Tibial apophysis  with retrolateral process longer than prolateral (Fig. 4). Metatarsus I folds between the two processes. Male palpal bulb strongly flattened laterally, spoon-like shaped (Figs. 1-3). Prolateral superior keel well-developed, prolateral inferior weakly developed. Apical keel extended ventrally to middle of embolus. Retrolateral keel short, reaching less than 0.25 of embolus length, strongly developed forming crest distally.

Description: - Paratype. Female. IBSP 4945. Total length, not including chelicerae or spinnerets 66. Cephalothorax 30.87 long, 28.98 wide. Anterior eye row procurved, posterior row recurved. Eyes sizes and inter-distances: AME 0.73, ALE 0.72, PME 0.85, PLE 1.12, AME–AME 0.73, AME–ALE 0.65, AME–PME 0.21, ALE–ALE 2.49, ALE–PME 0.62, PME–PME 1.89, PME–PLE 0.24, PLE–PLE 3.18, ALE–PLE 0.67. Eye tubercle: length 3.23 width 4.07; clypeus 2.12. Fovea: deep, straight, 5.55 wide. Cephalic area moderately raised. Thoracic striae conspicuous. Labium: length 4.99, width 4.43, at least 145 cuspules. Maxillae: 100- 200 cuspules spread across internal edge. Sternum: length 13.14, width 10.31. Sigilla: posterior, small, more than two diameters from margin. Chelicerae: eight well-developed teeth and row of small teeth on promargin. Tarsi I–IV fully scopulate. Metatarsi I–IV fully scopulate, metatarsi III–IV scopulate on apical half. Spination: femora I–IV and palp 0; patellae palp 0, I v0 –0– 2(ap), II v0 –0– 2(ap), III and IV 0; tibiae palp v0 –4– 3(2 ap), I v0 –0– 2(ap), II v0 –0– 2(ap), III v0 –1– 3(ap), IV v0 –0– 1(ap); metatarsi I v0 –0– 2(ap), II v1 –0– 2(ap), III v3 –3– 3(ap), r1 –0– 0, p1 –0– 0, IV 19(2 ap). Spiniform setae and STC as in male. PLS articles length: apical 6.02, medial 5.0 and basal 4.12. PMS rounded, small. Urticating hair types I and III present. Color pattern as in male, except for absence of purple sheen. Two spermathecae broadly fused (Fig. 6).

Distribution: Brazil: states of Rondônia and Western Mato Grosso (Fig. 19).

IBSP

Brazil,Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Instituto Butantan

AME

USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum