Clathrina rodriguesensis

Van, Rob W. M. & De, Nicole J., 2018, Calcareous sponges of the Western Indian Ocean and Red Sea, Zootaxa 4426 (1), pp. 1-160: 46-50

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4426.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:18929E20-5296-4458-8A8A-4F5316A290FD

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/386CC616-DC5F-A500-FF67-8892FE2AF946

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Clathrina rodriguesensis
status

sp.nov.

Clathrina rodriguesensis  sp.nov.

Figures 24a–e View Figure , 25a–g View Figure , 26a–d View Figure , 27a–d View Figure

Material examined. Holotype, RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11694, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Mourouk Ebony, Castel Rock , 19.7648°S 63.4626°E, depth 12 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG108, 19 October 2016.GoogleMaps 

Paratypes, RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11624, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Passe Baladirou , 19.6683°S 63.46307°E, depth 12 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG025, 16 October 2016GoogleMaps  ; RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11662, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Passe Baladirou , 19.6683°S 63.46307°E, depth 12 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG069, 18 October 2016GoogleMaps  ; RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11670, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Passe Baladirou , 19.6683°S 63.46307°E, depth 12 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG077, 18 October 2016GoogleMaps  ; RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11671, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Passe Baladirou , 19.6683°S 63.46307°E, depth 12 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG078, 18 October 2016GoogleMaps  ; RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11705, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Passe Baladirou , 19.6683°S 63.46307°E, depth 8 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG119, 20 October 2016GoogleMaps  ; RMNHAbout RMNH Por. 11710, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Passe Saint François , 19.69893°S 63.5005°E, depth 15 m, scuba, coll. N.J. de Voogd, field nr. ROG124, 20 October 2016GoogleMaps  .

Additional specimens. ZMAAbout ZMA Por. 11282, Seychelles, Amirantes, Desroches Atoll, SW rim, 5.7167°S 53.6167°E, depth 5–30 m, scuba, coll. M.J. de Kluijver, field nrGoogleMaps  . NIOP-E stat. 774/01, 30 December 1992; ZMAAbout ZMA Por. 12096, Seychelles, Amirantes , St. François Atoll, Île Bijoutier, 7.0833°S 52.7333°E, reef, outer slope, depth 6–18 m, scuba, coll. R.W.M. van Soest, field nrGoogleMaps  . NIOP-E stat. 792/12, 5 January 1993.

Description. In situ, the species forms a massively encrusting cormus ( Figs 21a–d View Figure , 22a–b View Figure ) consisting of relatively wide tubuli (approximately up to 2–3 mm in diameter), which are nevertheless closely anastomosed, showing little differentiation in tubule-width. The cormus may be also flatly encrusting over a larger area ( Fig. 23a View Figure ) with loosely anastomosing tubuli showing a tendency to be arranged ladder-like, with longitudinal main tubuli and interconnecting secondary thinner tubuli. The main tubuli frequently end in an oscule, often slightly erected above the cormus ( Figs 22a–b View Figure ). Lateral size considerable, 20 x 15 cm or more, thickness 1–4 cm. Color white with blueish or greyish tinges in situ, white or pink ‘on deck’ ( Figs 21b View Figure , 22c,e View Figure , 23b View Figure ), in preservation they become pale beige ( Figs 21c View Figure , 22f View Figure : Rodrigues specimens) or brown ( Fig. 24a View Figure : Seychelles specimens). The latter have possibly become brown by exposure to algae or other sponges, as their in situ color was noted as blueish white. Size of preserved fragments up to 10 x 5 x 4 cm. Consistency firm.

Aquiferous system. Asconoid.

Skeleton. Tubule walls multi-layered, densely crowded in most specimens ( Figs 21d View Figure , 22d View Figure , 23c View Figure ), but less dense in one of the Seychelles specimens ( Fig. 24b View Figure ).

Spicules. ( Figs 21e View Figure , 22g View Figure , 23d View Figure , 24c–d View Figure ). Triactines only, but occasional fragments of trichoxea-like spicules were observed (not shown).

Triactines, robust, with conical actines, measuring 97– 169 –225 x 11 – 18.2 –22 µm in the Rodrigues specimens. The two Seychelles specimens which we believe to belong to this species have actines respectively 93– 159 –198 x 11 – 17.4 –21 µm (ZMA Por. 11282) and 111– 164 –204 x 13 – 17.8 –21 µm (ZMA Por. 12096) ( Figs 24c–d View Figure ). The actines in all these specimens are conical

Distribution and ecology. Rodrigues, Seychelles, on reefs, 5–30 m depth.

Etymology. The name refers to the type locality, the island of Rodrigues, east of Mauritius.

Remarks. We provide ample illustrations of this new species to demonstrate the habitus variability. Spicules are closely similar in all above-mentioned specimens.

Partial 28S sequences of seven specimens collected at Rodrigues and two Seychelles specimens grouped in a separate clade (cf. Fig. 2A View Figure ) at high bootstrap value, apparently not closely related to the other Western Indian Ocean Clathrina  .

Australian and Indonesian Clathrina heronensis Wörheide & Hooper, 1999  is close in color and spicule size and shape, but its habitus is flatly encrusting and it has thinner tubuli (1 mm) than the present material. An Indonesian specimen identified as C. heronensis  was sequenced and found to share a clade with lower bootstrap value with the present material in the molecular tree of Fig. 2A. A View Figure separate analysis of the sequences of both species in a trimmed alignment with length of 395 sites showed a difference of eight sites between C. heronensis  and C. rodriguesensis  sp.nov.

RMNH

National Museum of Natural History, Naturalis

ZMA

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Zoologisch Museum