Skeletocutis coprosmae (G. Cunn.) A. Korhonen & Miettinen

Korhonen, Aku, Seelan, Jaya Seelan Sathiya & Miettinen, Otto, 2018, Cryptic species diversity in polypores: the Skeletocutisnivea species complex, MycoKeys 36, pp. 45-82: 45

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.36.27002

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/38B7F719-A187-68A4-1D16-8C5707098FC2

treatment provided by

MycoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Skeletocutis coprosmae (G. Cunn.) A. Korhonen & Miettinen
status

comb. nov.

Skeletocutis coprosmae (G. Cunn.) A. Korhonen & Miettinen  comb. nov.

Basionym.

Poria coprosmae  G. Cunn., Bulletin of the New Zealand Department of Industrial Research 72: 38 (1947).

Holotype.

New Zealand. Westland: Lake Mapourika, Coprosma  , Nov 1946 J.M.Dingley (PDD 5252, studied).

Description.

Basidiocarps possibly perennial; resupinate to half-resupinate; up to 6 cm wide and 8 mm thick; hard when dry, breaking apart neatly; pilei fleshy, protruding up to 1.7 cm; margin blunt with narrow, sterile ridge on the underside; upper surface minutely rough, matted, white to cream coloured when young, turning ochraceous brown and finally blackish with age; pore surface sometimes with greenish-grey tints deep within the tubes in pileate part; context and subiculum whitish-cream colour to light greyish-brown near contact with substrate (in thick basidiocarps); context up to 5 mm thick, azonate; tube layer from 0.5-1.5 up to 6 mm thick and zonate in perennial basidiocarp, lighter horizontal zones appear where tubes are filled with arbuscule-like 'binding hyphae’; pores (6 –)7–8(– 9) per mm.

Hyphal structure: skeletal hyphae in context 2.0-4.3(-5.3) µm wide, in subiculum (1.0 –)2.0–3.5(– 4.2) µm wide, in trama 2.0 –4.0(– 5.0) µm wide, generative hyphae in trama 1.0 –2.3(– 3.0) µm wide.

Basidiospores 2.8 –3.2(–3.3)×0.5– 0.7 µm, L=2.98 µm, W=0.57 µm, Q’=(4.0–)4.3–6.0(– 6.4), Q=5.19, n=60/2.

Distribution and ecology.

Available material is very limited but suggests a rather wide, temperate Australasian distribution from Tasmania to southern New Zealand.

Specimens examined.

AUSTRALIA. Tasmania: Huon Valley, indet. angiosperm wood, 21 Nov 2006 Gates 1898 (H). NEW ZEALAND. Westland: (holotype, see above).

Discussion.

After examining the type, we have chosen to use a previously published name Poria coprosmae  as the basionym for this Australasian species. P. coprosmae  was described by Cunningham (1947) from Westland, New Zealand. He ( Cunningham 1965) later concluded that his P. coprosmae  was the same as Polyporus semipileatus  Peck but he treated them mistakenly under the name Tyromyces chioneus  (Fr.) P. Karst., as explained by Buchanan and Ryvarden (1988).

In their type studies of Polyporaceae  species described by Cunningham, Buchanan and Ryvarden (1988) place P. coprosmae  in the genus Ceriporiopsis  Dom., rejecting placement in Incrustoporia  or Skeletocutis  based on the absence of encrusted hyphae. Rajchenberg (1995), on the other hand, found the hyphal structure in the holotype and other collections of P. coprosmae  in PDD more in line with that of S. nivea  . Our studies of the holotype confirm this view with the addition that we also observed encrusted generocystidia and thin-walled skeletal hyphae in the trama, which are characteristic for the S. nivea  complex. Macroscopically, the only other studied specimen from Tasmania looks quite different from the type. However, we could not identify any clear microscopic differences and cannot rule out the possibility that the macroscopic differences represent variation between developmental stages. Nevertheless, considering the level of crypticity in the S. nivea  complex, we have reservations in stating that our sequenced specimens are truly conspecific with the old type. Thus, we refrain from assigning an epitype for now.

S. nivea  occurs in the North Island of New Zealand and it is possible that these two species could overlap as S. nivea  has been shown to extend respectively far into the temperate zone in the northern hemisphere. The type specimen is a thin and resupinate basidiocarp on a fallen branch of a Coprosma  shrub. The Tasmanian specimen, on the other hand, has evidently been growing on coarse wood and is unique in having a clearly perennial habit with a zonate tube layer.