Crematogaster (Physocrema) difformis F. Smith,

Hosoishi, Shingo & Ogata, Kazuo, 2009, A taxonomic revision of the Asian endemic subgenus Physocrema of the genus Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), Zootaxa 2062, pp. 15-36: 22-23

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Crematogaster (Physocrema) difformis F. Smith


Crematogaster (Physocrema) difformis F. Smith 

( Figs 8View FIGURES 8 − 9, 12View FIGURES 10 − 17, 24View FIGURES 21 – 26)

Crematogaster difformis F. Smith 1857: 76 View Cited Treatment   . LECTOTYPE worker (large worker from SINGAPORE, TYPE HYM: 1017 1-2 / 6) (by present designation) and five paralectotype workers: one paralectotype worker from SINGAPORE; four paralectotype workers from MALAYSIA: Sarawak, Borneo ( OXUM) [examined]. Misspelled deformis  by Roger. 1863: 37. Description of queen by Emery, 1901: 574. Description of male by Forel, 1909: 225. Combination in C. ( Physocrema  ) by Forel, 1912: 220. Description of larva by Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1952: 261. Senior synonym of edentata  by Emery, 1901: 574.

Crematogaster edentata Mayr, 1867: 104  . Holotype queen from INDONESIA: Java [not seen; location of type not known]. [junior synonym of difformis  by Emery, 1901: 574].

Measurements and indices. HW 0.88–1.5; HL 0.84–1.34; CI 105–112; SL 0.74–1.06; SI 71–85; EL 0.15–0.28; PW 0.46–0.82; WL 1.01–1.74; PSL 0; PtL 0.26–0.48; PtW 0.19–0.4; PtH 0.15–0.26; PpL 0.16–0.28; PpW 0.2–0.4; PtHI 54–65; PtWI 74–95; PpWI 121–143; WI 90–107 (Three workers measured).

Description of worker. Workers with pronounced size polymorphism.

Scape just or not reaching posterior corner of head in large workers. Anterior-most portions of clypeus distinctly protruded anteriorly in large workers.

In lateral view, pronotum and mesonotum forming a single convexity; propodeum slightly raised relative to promesonotum. Anterior margin of pronotal collar slightly concave in dorsal view. Promesonotal suture sometimes visible in large workers. Metanotal groove convex posteriorly in dorsal view, deep and situated posteriorly to the posterior ridge of pronotum in lateral view; thorax strongly constricted in middle in dorsal view. In dorsal view, some longitudinal rugulae connecting between mesonotum and propodeum; the boundary distinct. Propodeal spiracle situated away from the metapleural gland orifice, the distance between them much greater than the propodeal spiracle diameter. Propodeal spines absent.

Clypeus sculptured with longitudinal rugulae.

Standing pilosity sparse on dorsal face of head, abundant on promesonotum. Dorsal face of head with decumbent setae. Clypeus with short setae. Fourth abdominal tergite with appressed setae. Dorsal setae on fourth abdominal tergite appressed and directed medially in the posterior portion.

Body color black.

Distribution. This species is known from Malay Peninsula and Borneo ( Fig. 24View FIGURES 21 – 26).

Remarks. We have not been able to examine type-material of C. edentata Mayr. Although Emery  synomymised it with C. (P.) difformis  , it is impossible to clarify the synonymy from the original description and figure.

This species is similar to C. (P.) ampullaris  and C. (P.) sewardi  , but can be distinguished by the medially directed setae on the posterior portion of the fourth abdominal tergite.

Specimens examined. MALAYSIA: 1 worker, 1 male, 1 queen, Tower Region, Lambir N. P., Miri, Sawarak, 17. viii. 1995 (T. Yumoto); 7 workers, Tower Region, Lambir N. P., Miri, Sarawak (Sk. Yamane); 1 worker, 1 male, 1 queen, Lambir N. P., Miri, Sarawak, Borneo, 28. ix. 2005 (from epiphyte Coronarium sp.) (H. Tanaka); 2 workers, Gn. Mulu NP., 4 th Division, Sarawak, ii. 1978 (light trap) (G. H o l l o w a y); 10 workers, 2 males, 1 queen, Lambir N. P., Miri, Sarawak, Borneo, 28. ix. 2005 (from Platycerium  sp.) (H. Tanaka); 5 workers, 1 male, 1 queen, Lambir N. P., Miri, Sarawak, Borneo, 18. ix. 2005 (from Platycerium  sp.) (H. Tanaka); 6 workers, Lambir N. P., Miri, Sarawak, Borneo, 18. ix. 2005 (from Lecanopteris  sp.) (H. Tanaka); BRUNEI: 1 worker, Mixed Dipt. For., Dryobalanops beccarii, Site  7. 50m alt., Fog 11, Andalau, viii. 1991 (N. Mawdsley).














Crematogaster (Physocrema) difformis F. Smith

Hosoishi, Shingo & Ogata, Kazuo 2009

Crematogaster edentata

Emery 1901: 574
Mayr 1867: 104

Crematogaster difformis

Wheeler 1952: 261
Forel 1912: 220
Forel 1909: 225
Emery 1901: 574
Emery 1901: 574
Roger 1863: 37
Smith 1857: 76