Cyrtomenus (Cyrtomenus) bergi Froeschner,

Avendaño, José Mauricio, Grazia, Jocelia & Schwertner, Cristiano Feldens, 2017, Cydninae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera, Cydnidae) in Brazil: updated checklist, new records, and description of Tominotus ondulatus sp. nov., Zootaxa 4329 (5), pp. 401-435: 402-403

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4329.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:180Ca01D-3268-419D-9E07-500B15438Fce

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3A0ADD31-DA3C-FFE4-FF55-FAA2DF08F9C1

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cyrtomenus (Cyrtomenus) bergi Froeschner
status

 

Cyrtomenus (Cyrtomenus) bergi Froeschner 

( Figs. 1 AView FIGURE 1, 2View FIGURE 2)

Cyrtomenus ciliatus Berg, 1879: 10  (nec Palisot de Beauvois, 1805). Cyrtomenus (Cyrtomenus) bergi Froeschner, 1960: 527  .

Material examined: 2♂ 1♀, AP, Porto Grande , CODEPA, 17-Sep-1982, UFRG  ; 2♂ 19♀, Porto Platon , 1982, J.I. Lacerda col., UFRG  ; 1 specimen, PA, Belém, 01-Mar-1951, Rego col., MNRJ  ; 3 specimens, Cachimbo, 14 to 21- Sep-1955, Travassos col., FIOC  ; 9 specimens, Cachimbo, 09-Oct-1956, Travassos col., FIOC  ; 3 specimens, Mocajuba , 01-Oct-1952, Rego col., MNRJ;  1♂, Natal, 01-Nov-1963, MCNZ  ; 1♂, AM, Borba, Rio Madeira , Dirings col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Manaus, Independência , AMNH  ; 1♀, Manaus, Mamoré. Madeira , AMNH  ; 1 specimen, CE, Marinha , 01-Jan-1964, MNRJ  ; 3 specimens, RN, Natal, 01-Jan-1950, Alvarenga col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, PB, Santa Luzia, 01-Aug-1956, Cincinato col., MNRJ;  1♂ 1♀, TO, Palmas, Serra do Langeado , 17-Nov-1992, UFRG  ; 1♀, Palmas, Serra do Langeado. Fazenda Céu , Nov-1992, UFRG  ; 1 specimen, MT, Alto Xingú , 01-Jun-1953, Alencar col., FIOC  ; 1 specimen, Cuiabá, 15-Oct-1956, Ador col., MNRJ  ; 1♀, Rio Paraná , “ Riacho do Herv .”, 01- Dec-1952, Dirings col., MCNZ  ; 2 specimens, Salobra , 21 to 27-Jan-1941, De Amico col., FIOC;  6 specimens, Salobra , 01-Nov-1941, FIOC  ; 1 specimen, Salobra , 22 to 27-Jan-1955, Travassos col., FIOC  ; 1 specimen, RO, Porto Velho, Guaporé , May-1944, Parko col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, AC, Cruzeiro do Sul , 01-Sep-1956, Gonçalves col., MNRJ  ; 2 specimens, GO, Aragarças , 14-Oct-1959, Alvarenga col., MNRJ  ; 1♀, MG, Sapucaí Mirim , 01-Jan- 1992, Ferrarezzi M. col., UFRG  ; 1♂ 2♀, Sete Lagoas , 04-Nov-1998, J.M Waquil col., UFRG  ; 2 specimens, Xavantina , 01-Jan-1953, Oliveira col., MNRJ  ; 1♂ 1♀, DF, Brasilia, 20-Oct-1965, M. Becker col., MCNZ  ; 3 specimens, ES, Itá , Córrego , 01-Nov-1954, Zikán col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, Linhares, Parque Sooretama , 15-Oct- 1958, Zajciw col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, RJ, Coroa Grande , Feb-1957, Freitas col., FIOC  ; 1 specimen, Guaratiba , 24-Nov-1952, Silva col., MNRJ  ; 4 specimens, Itatiaia , 14-Oct-1943, Zikán col., FIOC  ; 1 specimen, Jacarepaguá, 02-Mar-1952, Rego col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, Jacarepaguá, 24-Aug-1952, Rego col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, Jacarepaguá, 26-Oct-1974, FIOC  ; 1 specimen, Rio de Janeiro, Parque do Museu da República, 14-Sep-2011, Balon col., MNRJ  ; 2 specimens, Rio de Janeiro, Tijuca , Zajciw col., MNRJ  ; 1 specimen, Vassouras , 01-Jan-1940, Machado col., FIOC  ; 3 specimens, MS, Corumbá , Nhecolandia, 17-Oct-1953, Gonçalves col., MNRJ  ; 1♀, SP, Balsamo , Seringueira, 29-Oct-1987, EC Bergmann col., UNIFESP  ; 2♀, Balsamo, 15-Sep-1989, EC Bergmann col., UNIFESP  ; 2 specimens, Grajaú, 01-Apr-1946, MNRJ  ; 3♀, Mogi-Mirim, ca. 9 km W, 02-Feb-2009, MCNZ  ; 1 specimen, Pirassununga , 10-Dec-1946, Travassos col., FIOC  ; 2♂ 1♀, Pradópolis , Oct-1976, P.M.S. Botelho col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Registro , Petropen, 02-Feb-1992, Fernandes J.A.M. col., UFRG  ; 3 specimens, PR, Rolândia , 01-Feb- 1954, Maler col., MNRJ  ; 1♀, SC, Florianópolis, Bal. Canasvieiras, 19-May-1996, Schwertner C.F. col., UFRG  ; 1♂ 2♀, Itapiranga , Feb-1954, P. Buck col., MCNZ  ; 1♂, RS, Frederico Westphalen , 17-Oct-2005, Massolino & Mansur col., UFRG  ; 1♀, Guaíba , 10-Apr-1975, H.A. Gastal col., MCNZ  ; 4♂ 4♀, Guaíba , 14-Mar-1976, M.H. Galileo col., MCNZ  ; 2♀, Itaúba , 06-Apr-1978, L. Buckup col., MCNZ  ; 1♂ 2♀, Pinhal , 03-Apr-1965, M. Becker col., MCNZ  ; 2♂, Porto Alegre , Oct-1956, L. Buckup col., MCNZ  ; 2♂ 2♀, Porto Alegre, Vila Assunção , 27-Feb- 1965, L. Buckup col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Santa Maria, 19-May-1971, M. Tarra col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Santa Maria, 16-Dec- 1971, D. Link col., MCNZ  ; 12♂, Santa Maria, 17-Dec-1971, D. Link col., MCNZ  ; 7♂ 8♀, Santa Maria, 21-Dec- 1971, D. Link col., MCNZ  ; 3♀, Santa Maria, 21-Jan-1972, D. Link col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Santa Maria, 22-Dec-1972, D. Link col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Santa Maria, 13-Feb-1973, D. Link col., MCNZ  ; 1♂ 1♀, Santa Maria, 19 to 20-Jun- 1979, MCNZ  ; 1♀, São Salvador , 29-Apr-1964, P. Buck col., MCNZ  ; 1♂, Sapucaía do Sul , 17-Jul-1953, L. Buckup col., MCNZ  ; 2♂ 1♀, Sapucaía do Sul , 19-Jul-1953, L. Buckup col., MCNZ  ; 1♀, Torres , Nov-1953, L. Buckup col., MCNZ  ; 1♂, Triunfo , 23-Jun-1977, H. Bischoff col., MCNZ  .

Distribution: Mexico, Guatemala, Granada, Trinidad, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, British Guiana, Suriname, Brazil ( AP new rec., PA, AM new rec., CE new rec., RN new rec., PB new rec., PE, BA, MT, TO new rec., RO new rec., AC new rec., GO new rec., MG, DF new rec., ES, RJ, MS new rec., SP, PR new rec., SC, RS), Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina.

Remarks: C. bergi  is the best known species in the family, with 6 to 10 mm length and the biology well described ( Riis et al. 2005; Riis & Esbjerg 1998), This species is widely distributed in South and Central America ( Froeschner 1960; Schwertner & Nardi 2015) and has been reported as pest in several countries feeding on peanut, corn and cassava ( Riis et al. 2003; Stock et al. 2005), seriously affecting production ( Melo Molina et al. 2006). Individuals are found buried in soil and are collected in light trap.

C. bergi  presents similar morphological characteristics with C. mirabilis  but differs in the proportion between the width of the ocellus and the distance between the ocellus and the eye, which is greater for C. mirabilis  . According to studies that are being developed by the authors, the characteristic proposed by Froeschner (1960) is not enough for accurate identification, but it was used in this paper for naming the specimens included. Also, new records are based in specimens previously identified by researchers and deposited in the collections examined.

UFRG

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Instituto de Biologia

MNRJ

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Cristovao, Universidade do Rio Janeiro, Museu Nacional

FIOC

Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Fundacao Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

MCNZ

Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Museu de Ciencias Naturais da Fundacao Zoo-Botanica do Rio Grande do Sul

AMNH

USA, New York, New York, American Museum of Natural History

UFRG

Instituto de Biologia

MCNZ

Porto Alegre, Museu de Ciencias Naturais da Fundacao Zoo-Botanica do Rio Grande do Sul

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Cydnidae

Genus

Cyrtomenus

Loc

Cyrtomenus (Cyrtomenus) bergi Froeschner

Avendaño, José Mauricio, Grazia, Jocelia & Schwertner, Cristiano Feldens 2017
2017
Loc

Cyrtomenus ciliatus

Cyrtomenus ciliatus Berg, 1879: 10
Loc

Cyrtomenus (Cyrtomenus) bergi

Froeschner 1960: 527