Coprophanaeus, Olsoufieff, 1924

Edmonds, W. D. & Zidek, J., 2010, A taxonomic review of the neotropical genus Coprophanaeus Olsoufieff, 1924 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae), Insecta Mundi 2010 (129), pp. 1-111 : 89-91

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Coprophanaeus (C.) ignecinctus ( Felsche, 1909)

Fig. 232, 235 View Figure 228-236 , 238 View Figure 238 , 267-272 View Figure 267-272

Phanaeus ignecinctus Felsche, 1909: 755

Coprophanaeus ignecinctus (Felsche) (recomb. by Blackwelder 1944: 209)

Phanaeus telamon ignecinctus Felsche (stat. by Pereira and Martínez 1956: 232)

Type. Lectotype male, here designated, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden.

Diagnosis. General – Metallic coloration ( Fig. 267-271 View Figure 267-272 ), where present, bright red (rarely with green highlights, Fig. 269 View Figure 267-272 ). Clypeus strongly and abruptly angulate lateral to median teeth. Posterior (ventral) surface of protibia completely granulorugose (as in Fig. 231 View Figure 228-236 ). Cap of anterior angle of metasternum deeply bifurcate. Anterior surface of metasternum completely densely punctured. Metasternal disk finely punctured, bearing compound row of larger punctures along anterior margin. Basal pronotal fossae distinct. Elytral interstriae 2-5 raised midlongitudinally ( Fig. 232 View Figure 228-236 ). Length 20-25 mm.

Male – Sides of base of head horn usually slightly convergent, rarely slightly divergent; anterior surface weakly concave, lateral angles acutely tuberculate; central process about same length as base, almost upright and angularly produced on posterior surface (as in Fig. 220 View Figure 213-227 ). Pronotal prominence ( Fig. 267-269 View Figure 267-272 ) with rounded lateral angles, cleat-shaped, flanked by deep oval concavities; width equal to distance between outer margins of eyes.

Female – Cephalic carina trituberculate; length of clypeus greater than that of frons.

Specimen examined – 87.

Distribution. Yungas province in Bolivia and Peru ( Fig. 238 View Figure 238 ).

Collection Records. BOLIVIA: Cochabamba – Prov. Chaparé, 17 o 10.47’S 65 o 46.66’W, 1550 m (Feb, Nov) GoogleMaps ; Yungas del Palmar , 1200 m (Jan-Feb) ; Limbo, 2000 m (Jan); 109 km E Cochabamba , 17 o 08’52”S 65 o 42’54”W, 1400 m (Feb) GoogleMaps ; 124 km E Cochabamba [at Río Espírito Santo ], 17 o 03’45”S 68 o 38’38”W, 700 m (Feb) GoogleMaps ; road from Cochabamba to Villa Tunari, 17 o 08’50”S 65 o 42’29”W, 1480 m (Feb) GoogleMaps ; Cordillera Mostenes, Isiboro-Securé National Park [Laguna Carachupa], 16 o 13’58”S 66 o 24’54”W, 1310 m (Sep) GoogleMaps ; Carmen Pampa, 16 o 37’06”S 66 o 28’50”W, 1820 m. Santa Cruz – near Bermejo [Refugio Los Volcanes], 18 o 06’50”S 63 o 36’15”W, 1080 m GoogleMaps . PERU: Cusco – San Pedro, 13 o 03’15”S 71 o 32’54”W GoogleMaps ; Megatoni National Sanctuary, 12 o 11’14”S 72 o 28’14”W, 1350-1900 m (May); La Convención, Echarate, 12 o 40’14"S 73 o 10’21"W, 1722 m (Oct). Junin – Puerto Eden [ Río Tambo valley ], 1400 m (Mar-Apr) ; Calabaza, 2000 m (Sep); near Satipo, 1200 m (Dec).

Comments. Olsoufieff (1924) was unable to see specimens of Felsche’s species, which he tentatively regarded as a variety of C. telamon . Janssens (1940) countered Olsoufieff “… cette espèce est parfaitemente valable …”, but was himself countered by Pereira and Martínez (1956; see also 1960), who combined it along with C. corythus as a subspecies of C. telamon . We agree with Janssens and with Arnaud (2002c) that Felsche’s taxon merits species recognition.

The form of the male horn and pronotum of C. ignecinctus is very similar to that of C. telamon (q.v.). The central projection of the horn is strongly bent anteriorly, and the angle of bend is angularly produced but never bituberculate.

Felsche’s (1909) description of this species is brief and includes no mention of the number of specimens he had on hand. The Felsche collection holdings in Dresden include six C. ignecinctus , only two (a pair) of which bear labels specifying the type locality, Marcapata, Peru. These two we consider syntypes, and it is the male which we hereby designate the lectotype. It is a small, worn individual missing the protarsal spurs as well as the left mesotarsus and both metatarsi. It bears five labels: a) handwritten in black on white “Marcapata, Peru ” ; b) printed on green “Coll. C. Felsche, Kauf 20, 1918”; c) handwritten “ Ph. ignecinctus [male symbol] [unintelligible]”; d) printed on white “Staatsl. Museum für Tierkunde Dresden”; and e) our lectotype designation printed on white with red margin.













Edmonds, W. D. & Zidek, J. 2010

Phanaeus telamon ignecinctus

Pereira, F. S. & A. Martinez 1956: 232

Coprophanaeus ignecinctus (Felsche)

Blackwelder, R. E. 1944: 209

Phanaeus ignecinctus

Felsche, C. 1909: 755