Coprophanaeus, Olsoufieff, 1924

Edmonds, W. D. & Zidek, J., 2010, A taxonomic review of the neotropical genus Coprophanaeus Olsoufieff, 1924 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae, Scarabaeinae), Insecta Mundi 2010 (129), pp. 1-111 : 47-48

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Coprophanaeus (C.) cerberus ( Harold, 1869)

Fig. 9 View Figure 5-12 , 95 View Figure 95-101 , 104 View Figure 102-112 , 113 View Figure 113 , 124-128 View Figure 124-128

Phanaeus cerberus Harold, 1869: 65

Coprophanaeus cerberus (Harold) (recomb. by Blackwelder 1944: 209) Type. Lectotype male (des. by Arnaud, 1982:115), Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris (examined by photo).

Diagnosis. General – Dorsum black or brown, lacking metallic coloration. Clypeal margin noticeably angulate or explanate lateral to median teeth ( Fig. 124, 127 View Figure 124-128 ). Pronotum weakly granulose anterolaterally, disk smooth except for elongate, anteriorly narrowed depression filled with coalesced coarse granules often mixed with punctures extending from posterior margin toward middle of disk ( Fig. 95 View Figure 95-101 ). Basal pronotal fossae effaced or only weakly indicated. Length 19-25 mm.

Male ( Fig. 95 View Figure 95-101 , 104 View Figure 102-112 , 126-128 View Figure 124-128 ) – Middle process of head horn short, length about one-fourth that of horn base. Anteromedian pronotal concavity shallow, bordered posteriorly by weak transverse carina bearing rounded central tubercle; ends of transverse carina thickened, lacking distinct tubercle.

Female ( Fig. 124-125 View Figure 124-128 ) – Cephalic carina straight, trituberculate, tubercles equal-sized and closely set, distance between lateral tubercles about one-half of interocular distance. Pronotum lacking anteromedian concavity, with simple transverse carina at upper edge of smooth, declivitous area reaching anterior margin; declivity bounded on each side by shallow depression extending toward eye.

Specimens examined – 66.

Distribution. Brazilian Atlantic Coast Forest province of Paranaian subregion ( Fig. 113 View Figure 113 ).

Collection Records. BRAZIL: Espiritu Santo – Parque Estadual Pedra Azul, 1500 m (Feb-Mar). Minas Gerais – Poco de Caldas (Jan, Dec) ; Poços do Coicos (Dec). Rio de Janeiro – 17 km E Nova Friburgo, 22 o 23’04”S 42 o 33’30”W, 750 m (Jan) GoogleMaps ; Mury, 8 km E. Nova Friburgo , 22 o 21’49”S 42 o 33’07”W, 1150 m (Jan) GoogleMaps ; Itatiaia, 700 m (Feb, Nov); Tijuca Forest (Jan). São Paulo – Catareira (Mar) ; Piauiti; 50 km SE Mogi das Cruzes, Estacão Biológica Boraceia ( Serra do Mar ), 800-900 m (Oct, Dec) ; Bocaina (Apr) .

Comments. Olsoufieff’s (1924) erroneously synonymized P. perseus Harold with C. cerberus (see comments under C. corythus ).

The coarse sculpturing of the posteromedian groove of the pronotum links this species with C. spitzi and C. acrisius (cf. Fig. 95 and 97 View Figure 95-101 ). The form of the female pronotum is unique to the genus and more reminiscent of females of Phanaeus mexicanus group than other Coprophanaeus . Sculpturing of head and pronotum is weakest of species in the jasius group.













Edmonds, W. D. & Zidek, J. 2010

Coprophanaeus cerberus (Harold)

Blackwelder, R. E. 1944: 209

Phanaeus cerberus Harold, 1869: 65

Harold, E. 1869: 65
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