Megaselia simunorum Brown, Wong, and Hartop,

Brown, Brian V., Wong, Maria A. & Hartop, Emily, 2019, A new white-spotted Megaselia Rondani (Diptera: Phoridae) from western North America, Biodiversity Data Journal 7, pp. 34310-34310: 34310

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.7.e34310

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:18055CFE-2CB9-413D-BDBC-E1C31B1BA359

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D300CD48-1374-40A5-BC23-82EDF0E7467C

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:D300CD48-1374-40A5-BC23-82EDF0E7467C

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Megaselia simunorum Brown, Wong, and Hartop
status

sp. n.

Megaselia simunorum Brown, Wong, and Hartop  ZBK  sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: catalogNumber: LACM ENT 366270; sex: male; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: Los Angeles; locality: Encino ; verbatimCoordinates: 34.167°N, 118.513°W; verbatimCoordinateSystem: decimal degrees; decimalLatitude: 34.167; decimalLongitude: -118.513; Event: eventID: BioSCAN 18490; samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; Record Level: institutionCode: LACM; basisOfRecord: Preserved specimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: B.Brown, G.Kung; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: Kern; locality: Wind Wolves Preserve ; verbatimCoordinates: 34.956°N, 119.187°W; verbatimCoordinateSystem: decimal degrees; decimalLatitude: 34.956; decimalLongitude: -119.187; Event: samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; verbatimEventDate: 9-15.v.2018; Record Level: institutionID: LACM; institutionCode: LACM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: B.Brown, G.Hendler; sex: male; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: Los Angeles; verbatimLocality: Topanga Canyon; verbatimElevation: 250 m; minimumElevationInMeters: 250; maximumElevationInMeters: 250; decimalLatitude: 34.08; decimalLongitude: -118.60; Event: samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; verbatimEventDate: 7-14.iii.1994; Record Level: institutionID: LACM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: B.V.Brown; individualCount: 3; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: San Luis Obispo; locality: Los Osos,Pecho Willows ; verbatimLocality: Pecho Willows; verbatimElevation: 5 m; decimalLatitude: 35.317; decimalLongitude: -120.853; Event: samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; verbatimEventDate: 2-8.vii.2017; eventRemarks: old field near bay; Record Level: institutionID: LACM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: B.V.Brown; individualCount: 3; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: San Luis Obispo; locality: Rancho El Chorro ; verbatimElevation: 110 m; decimalLatitude: 35.34; decimalLongitude: -120.73; Event: samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; verbatimEventDate: 5-8.vii.2017; habitat: forest near stream; Record Level: collectionID: LACM; basisOfRecord: Preserved specimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: P.H.Arnaud; individualCount: 7; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: San Mateo; locality: Palo Alto, Stanford University ; Event: samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; verbatimEventDate: 1-15.i.1995; Record Level: institutionID: CAS, CSCA, LACM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: recordedBy: P.H.Arnaud; individualCount: 3; sex: male; lifeStage: adult; Location: country: USA; stateProvince: California; county: San Mateo; locality: Palo Alto, Stanford University ; Event: samplingProtocol: Malaise trap; verbatimEventDate: 26-31.xii.1994; Record Level: institutionID: LACM; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen 

Description

See Table 1. A CO1 barcode is deposited in the BOLD database as BOLD: ADK7956.

Diagnosis

This species differs from all North American Megaselia  , except those similar to M. sulphurizona  , by the contrasting white colour of the posterior abdominal tergites. The lighter coloured halter, stronger ventral abdominal setae (compare with M. sulphuriza  , Fig. 4) and the reduced tergite 5 with large posterior setae further distinguish this species.

Etymology

Named in memory of Dr. Patricia Bates Simun and Mr. Richard V. Simun by their daughters, Ann and Mary.

Distribution

Known only from California, USA (Fig. 6).

Ecology

The habitats at the sites where this species was collected vary from a willow spring in an interior grassland (Wind Wolves), a sycamore/oak forest near a small creek, a coastal floodplain, an old field near the coast, to an inland urban backyard. Many involve at least some exposed water, but this might be simply a reflection of where we put our Malaise traps.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Genus

Megaselia