Dasymutilla paradoxa ( Gerstaecker, 1874 )

Cambra, Roberto A., Williams, Kevin A., Quintero, Diomedes, Windsor, Donald M., Pickering, John & Saavedra, Daisy, 2018, Dasymutilla Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Mutillidae) in Panama: new species, sex associations and seasonal flight activity, Insecta Mundi 608, pp. 1-17: 8-9

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Dasymutilla paradoxa ( Gerstaecker, 1874 )


Dasymutilla paradoxa ( Gerstaecker, 1874)  

( Fig. 5–7 View Figures 2–16 , 25 View Figures 23–28 )

Mutilla paradoxa Gerstaecker 1874: 76   , holotype female, Colombia, Bogotá, ZMB; Nonveiller 1990: 87, incertae sedis.

Sphaerophthalma [sic] icaris Cameron 1895: 360   , holotype female, Nicaragua, Chontales, No. 15.813 BMNH, examined.

Traumatomutilla icaris: Cambra (1997)   : 122, additional distribution and material examined.

Dasymutilla icaris: Manley and Pitts (2007)   : 57 View Cited Treatment , transferred to Dasymutilla   .

Dasymutilla guanacaste Manley and Pitts 2007: 56   View Cited Treatment , holotype male, Costa Rica, Pr. Guanacaste, Guanacaste NP, Volcan Cacao Sta., IV-13-95, UCDC. New synonymy.

Dasymutilla paradoxa: Luz et al. (2016)   : 365 View Cited Treatment , placed D. icaris   in synonymy under D. paradoxa   ; created D. paradoxa   species-group for eight Dasymutilla   species.

Diagnosis. FEMALE. This species is apparently unique among Dasymutilla   in having most of body clothed with appressed golden setae ( Fig. 5 View Figures 2–16 ). It can be recognized first by its placement in the paradoxa   group, based on having four integumental patches on T2, having black tibial spurs, and having an elongate mesosoma that lacks a scutellar scale, then separated from other paradoxa   group members by its coloration, its defined pygidium, and by the erect clypeal tubercle. MALE. This species can be placed in the paradoxa   group by its elongate arm-like axillae. It can be separated from the other paradoxa group members by its predominantly black body color, its unarmed hypopygium, and by lacking a seta-filled pit on S2. Its coloration is similar to that of D. phya   , particularly in the almost entirely yellow T2 ( Fig. 7 View Figures 2–16 ).

Distribution. Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia ( Cambra 1997; Manley and Pitts 2007; Luz et al. 2016).

Material examined ( MIUP except where noted). PANAMA: Darién Province: P. Nac. Darién, Estación Cruce de Mono , 25–28.ii.1993, R. Cambra, 2f (1f, CDFA)   . Panamá Province: 15 specimens collected in Barro Colorado Island with ten Malaise traps from the years 2001 to 2006 ( Saavedra 2014)   . COSTA RICA ( INBio): Alajuela Province: San Cristobal, 600–620m, 8–25.iv.1997, F. Quesada, 1f.   Guanacaste Province: Est. Maritza, 600 m, W ladera volcan Orosi , 27.ii–10.iii.1992, R. Vargas, 1m   ; Est. Pitilla , 700 m. 9 km S de Sta. Cecilia, ix. 1989, 1m   ; Est. Cacao, 1000–1400 m, ladera SO volcan Cacao , 21–29.v.1992, F. Chavarría, 1m   ; Est. Pitilla , 700 m, 9 km S Sta. Cecilia, P.N. Guanacaste, 27.vii–14. viii.1992, C. Moraga, 1f   ; 31.iii–15.iv.1992, 1f   ; Est. Sta . Rosa, 300 m, P.N. Guanacaste, vii.1989, 1f   ; i.1990, 1f; xii.1990, D. Enezen, 1f   ; 3–12.vi.1992, 1f   ; Est. Maritza, 600 m, ladera O. volcan Orosi , v.1990, R. Blanco, 1f   ; Fca. Pasmompa, Est. Pitilla , 400 m, 5 km SW Sta. Cecilia, iii.1989, 1f   ; Est. Murciélago , 8 km Sw Cuajiniquil, 100 m, ii.1989, 1f   ; Est. Palo Verde , 10 m, P.N. Palo Verde, 6–16.iii.1993, U. Chavarría, 1f   ; A.C.T. Bagaces, P. Nac. Palo Verde , 6–18.i.2000, I. Jimenez, 1f.   Limón Province: Est. Hitoy Cerere, 100 m, R. Cerere, Res. Biol. Hitoy Cerere , iv.1992, G. Carballo, 1m   ; Sector Cerro Cocori, Fca. de E. Rojas, 150 m, 28.v–17.vi.1992, E. Rojas, 1m   ; iv. 1993, 1m;   iii. 1992, 1m.   Puntarenas Province: Rancho Quemado, 200 m, Península de Osa , v.1992, F. Quesada, 2m   ; vi.1992, F. Quesada, 2m;   iv.1992, D. Brenes, 1m   ; Est. Sirena , 0–100 m, P.N. Corcovado, iii–vi. 1991, 3m   ; Rancho Quemado, 200 m, Península de Osa , 21.iii–7.iv.1992, F. Quesada   . NICARAGUA: Masaya District, Laguna de Apoyo , xi.1992, E. van den Berghe, 1f.  

Remarks. Cambra (1997) mentioned the sex association for Traumatomutilla icaris (Cameron)   , but did not describe the male. The male associated with T. icaris   by Cambra is here recognized as morphologically identical to Dasymutilla guanacaste Manley and Pitts   , syn. nov.


USA, California, Sacramento, California State Collection of Arthropods


Costa Rica, Santo Domingo de Heredia, Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio)


National Biodiversity Institute, Costa Rica














Dasymutilla paradoxa ( Gerstaecker, 1874 )

Cambra, Roberto A., Williams, Kevin A., Quintero, Diomedes, Windsor, Donald M., Pickering, John & Saavedra, Daisy 2018

Dasymutilla icaris: Manley and Pitts (2007)

Manley, D. G. & J. P. Pitts 2007: 57

Dasymutilla guanacaste

Manley, D. G. & J. P. Pitts 2007: 56

Traumatomutilla icaris:

Cambra, R. A. 1997: 122

Sphaerophthalma [sic] icaris

Cameron, P. 1895: 360

Mutilla paradoxa

Gerstaecker, A. 1874: 76