Callomyia argentea Cumming

Cumming, Heather J. & Wheeler, Terry A., 2016, Revision of the Nearctic species of Callomyia Meigen (Diptera: Platypezidae) and phylogeny of the genus, Zootaxa 4111 (5), pp. 501-554: 509-511

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4111.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1286E111-8C60-47AB-B2A2-36D3BFB6CA3F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3C7A0266-734A-9709-C2B1-28FE18C0F8A8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Callomyia argentea Cumming
status

sp. nov.

Callomyia argentea Cumming  sp. nov.

( Figs 4View FIGURES 4 − 8, 15View FIGURES 15 − 18, 47View FIGURES 45 − 48, 53View FIGURES 49 − 54, 55View FIGURES 55 − 58, 65View FIGURES 63 − 69, 70View FIGURE 70)

Diagnosis. This western Nearctic species is characterized by silver-grey markings on abdominal tergites 1−5 and male terminalia with a molar-like surstylus. Callomyia argentea  is similar in appearance to the western Nearctic species C. corvina  and C. gilloglyorum  because of its similar abdominal colour pattern, but can be distinguished from these species by its molar-like surstylus (versus broadly lamellate surstylus), hyaline wings (versus yellowishbrown tinted wings), and stronger stouter posteroventral seta on the base of the hind femur. Callomyia argentea  has similar male terminalia to C. velutina  from eastern and western North America, but its terminalia differ by a ventral inner surstylus cusp that is more extended and rounded in lateral view and truncate in posterior view (versus more pointed in lateral view and narrowly truncate in posterior view), a postgonite that is truncate apically (versus rounded apically), and a phallus  that is gradually hooked towards the apex (versus a sharp extended hook apically).

Description. Male ( Figs 4View FIGURES 4 − 8, 15View FIGURES 15 − 18). Body length 3.7–4.2 mm; wing length 3.7–4.1 mm. Head dark silver-grey; mouthparts brownish-yellow to brown with palpus brown to dark brown; antenna with scape, pedicel, first flagellomere and arista dark brown. Antenna with first flagellomere short-oval (as in Fig. 41View FIGURES 41 − 44).

Thorax mainly dark brown to black, velvety black in some specimens; notopleuron and supra-alar area of scutum silver-grey dusted in some specimens; propleuron, mesopleuron and metapleuron mainly silver-grey dusted; mediotergite and laterotergite silver-grey dusted. Scutum with 6 notopleural setae.

Legs light brown to brown, hind leg darker with tibia and tarsomeres dark brown. Mid tibia with median anterodorsal seta absent, median dorsal seta present (as in Fig. 50View FIGURES 49 − 54); base of hind femur with strong stout posteroventral seta ( Fig. 53View FIGURES 49 − 54). Hind tarsomere 1 slightly expanded, subequal to apical width of hind tibia, length approximately 2.5 X width.

Wing hyaline ( Fig. 47View FIGURES 45 − 48) with cell sc faintly yellow, whitish in some specimens. Halter with stem brown; knob orange, yellow in some specimens.

Abdomen dark brown to black with lateral silver-grey markings on tergites 1 and 2; ventrolateral silver-grey markings on tergites 3–5; tergite 6 silver-grey dusted; tergite 7 entirely grey; sternites light brown, sternite 8 grey.

Terminalia ( Figs 55View FIGURES 55 − 58, 65View FIGURES 63 − 69) with epandrium grey; surstylus black; hypandrium brown; hypandrial process and cercus brownish-yellow. Epandrium with short broad ventral lobe, rounded at apex; apical process moderately long, pointed at apex. Surstylus molar-like, with 2 large cusps moderately excavated in between; dorsal outer cusp broadly rounded in lateral view; ventral inner cusp narrow and extended, rounded at apex in lateral view, truncate and minutely serrate medially in posterior view ( Fig. 65View FIGURES 63 − 69). Hypandrium with moderately long apical process; process trifid, with 2 short apical projections and short broad triangular basoventral lobe. Postgonite long, slightly expanded apically, truncate at apex. Phallus  gradually hooked towards apex. Cercus short.

Female. Unknown.

Type material. HOLOTYPE, ♂ labelled: “ SilverLake/ MonoCo. Cal./ VI. 19.61; “T 86 / 12: 45 / FC 50 / RH 24 %/ E 7200; E.L. Kessel/ Collector; “ Callomyia  / velutina  / Johnson/ Det.Kessel; “HOLOTYPE ♂/ Callomyia argentea  / H.J. Cumming [red label] [dissected] ( CAS).  PARATYPES: CANADA: BRITISH COLUMBIA: Kleanza Creek Province Camp Ground, Highway 16, 31.vii. 1962 , E.L. Kessel (1 ♂, CAS);  USA: CALIFORNIA: Donner Summit , 2227m, 16.viii. 1999, 3920.55 ’N 12020.44 ’W, sweep vegetation, J. Savage  (1 ♂, LEMQ); Mono County, Silver Lake , 19.vi. 1961, E.L. Kessel (1 ♂, CAS);  OREGON: Lake County, Drews Creek at Highway 66, 21.ix. 1963 , E.L. Kessel (1 ♂, CAS);  Umatilla County, Woodward Forest Camp , Highway 204, 25.viii. 1962, E.L. Kessel (2 ♂, CAS). 

FIGURES 1−3. Callomyia  habitus and morphology. 1. C. venusta  , female on leaf (photograph by Andrew Young). 2. C. calla  , male wing (from Kessel 1987, fig. 50.4). 3. C. gilloglyorum  , larva (from Kessel 1987, fig. 50.32). Abbreviations: A 1 +CuA 2 — anal vein and second branch of anterior cubital vein; CuA 1 —first branch of anterior cubital vein; M 1 + 2 —first branch of media; R 1 —first branch of radius; R 2 + 3 —second branch of radius; R 4 + 5 —third branch of radius; Sc—subcosta; sg—segment.

Geographical distribution and seasonal occurrence ( Fig. 70View FIGURE 70). Callomyia argentea  is currently known from western North America (British Columbia, Oregon and California). Adults have been collected from late June to late September.

Etymology. This species name is derived from the Latin argentea  for silvery, in reference to this species’ similar appearance to C. velutina  , but with more silver on the abdomen.

CAS

USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences

LEMQ

Canada, Quebec, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, McGill University, Lyman Entomological Museum

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

LEMQ

McGill University, Lyman Entomological Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Platypezidae

Genus

Callomyia