Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884

Otto M. P. Oliveira, Thaís P. Miranda, Enilma M. Araujo, Patricia Ayón, Cristina M. Cedeño-Posso, Amancay A. Cepeda-Mercado, Pab, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 207

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Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884


Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884 

Synonyms in the area: Mastigias scintillae Moreira, 1961  .

Remarks: considered an invasive species in Atlantic waters (Graham et al. 2003; Bolton & Graham 2004). At the first invasion event in Brazil, the species was considered new to science (Moreira 1961) and suddenly disappeared. After more than 30 years, the species re-appeared and was studied and reported by Silveira & Cornelius (2000), Haddad & Nogueira Jr (2006), and Morandini et al. (2006b). 

Distribution in South America: medusa—Atlantic Ocean, Brazil from 3°N to 27°S (Silveira & Cornelius 2000; Haddad & Nogueira Jr 2006; Morandini et al. 2006b; Silveira & Morandini 2011; Nogueira Jr. 2012).

Habitat: neritic species commonly found in estuaries and in coastal waters (Silveira & Cornelius 2000).