Obelia dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1758)

Otto M. P. Oliveira, Thaís P. Miranda, Enilma M. Araujo, Patricia Ayón, Cristina M. Cedeño-Posso, Amancay A. Cepeda-Mercado, Pab, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 169-170

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4194.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C21A07A7-3AD9-4AA2-8426-EAB08BA396E6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3F6387A9-FF45-E2E0-85D8-FA1FDE1960B4

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Obelia dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1758)
status

 

Obelia dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Synonyms in the area: Campanularia brasiliensis Meyen, 1834  [polyp]; Campanularia obtusidens Jäderholm, 1904b  p. 2 [polyp]; Obelia angulosa  —Stechow 1914, 1919; Vannucci 1951a; Blanco 1968, 1994a; Genzano & Zamponi 1997, 2003; Genzano et al. 2009a [polyp];? Campanularia obtusidens  —Nutting 1915 p. 44; Vannucci 1951a [polyp]; Obelia flabellata  —Nutting 1915 [polyp]; Laomedea longicyatha  —Leloup 1935 [polyp]; Laomedea sargassi  —Leloup 1935 [polyp]; Clytia longicyatha  —Fraser 1938a [polyp]; Obelia alternata  —Fraser 1938a, 1948; Calder et al. 2003, 2009 [polyp]; Obelia equilateralis Fraser, 1938a  , 1948, Calder et al. 2009 [polyp]; Obelia obtusidens  —Fraser 1938a, 1948 [polyp]; Obelia plicata  —Fraser 1938a, 1939, 1948; Calder et al. 2003 [polyp]; Obelia tenuis Fraser, 1938a  , 1938b, 1939, 1948; Calder et al. 2003, 2009 [polyp]; Obelia braziliensis  —Nutting 1915; Vannucci Mendes 1946; Vannucci 1951a [incorrect subsequent spelling] [polyp]; Obelia griffini  —Vannucci Mendes 1946; Vannucci 1949, 1951a, 1954 [polyp]; Obelia brazilienses  —Vannucci 1949 [incorrect subsequent spelling] [polyp]; Obelia hyalina  —Vannucci 1949, 1951a; Blanco 1967b, 1994a; Genzano & Zamponi 1997 [polyp]; Vannucci 1955 [polyp and medusa]; Obelia commissuralis  —Vannucci 1951a, 1951b, 1954 [polyp]; Obelia gracilis  —Blanco 1967d, 1994a; Blanco & Bellusci de Miralles 1972; Genzano et al. 1991; Genzano & Zamponi 1997 [polyp]; Laomedea (Obelia) congdoni  —Vervoort 1968; Mergner 1977, 1987 [polyp]; Laomedea congdoni  —Wedler 1975 [polyp]; Laomedea dichotoma  —Wedler 1975 [polyp]; Obelia longissima  —Milstein 1976 [part] [non Obelia longissima (Pallas, 1766)  ] [polyp].

Remarks: Obelia dichotoma  is very similar to Obelia longissima  and, consequently, the distribution of both species is unclear (see O. longissima  below).

Distribution in South America: polyp—Pacific Ocean, Colombia, at 2.99°N 78.199°W in Gorgona Island, at 6.78°N 77.60°W in Octavia Bay, at 5.99°N 77.36°W in Port Utria, Ecuador, from 0.3°N to 1.5°S in Galápagos Archipelago, at 1.28°S 81.07°W in Isla La Plata, at 2.18°S 80.90°W in La Libertad, at 2.16ºS 80.94ºW, at 2.18°S 80.93°W and at 2.21ºS 80ºW in Santa Elena Bay, at 15.25°S 75.24°W in Bahia San Nicolás, Chile, from 22.08°S to 54°S (Jäderholm 1904b p. 2; Nutting 1915 p. 44; Leloup, 1974 p. 18–19; Fraser 1938a, 1938b, 1939, 1948; Galea 2007 p. 91–93; Calder et al. 2003, 2009; Galea et al. 2007a p. 161, 2007b p. 312, 2009a p. 322, 2009b p. 2, 4); Atlantic Ocean, at Aruba, at Bonaire, Colombia, at Santa Marta coast, Venezuela, at La Guaira coast, at 11.13°N 63.84°W in Margarita Island, Brazil to Argentina, from 3.54°S to 4.12°S, from 8.05°S to 13.20°S, from 20.50°S to 32.50°S, from 34°S to 53°S (Meyen 1834; Nutting 1915; Stechow 1914, 1919; Leloup 1935; Vannucci Mendes 1946; Vannucci 1949, 1951a, 1951b, 1954, 1955; Blanco 1967b, 1967d, 1968, 1994a; Blanco & Bellusci de Miralles 1972; Wedler 1975; Milstein 1976; Bandel & Wedler 1987; El Beshbeeshy 1991, 2011; Genzano et al. 1991, 2002, 2009a; Haddad 1992; Genzano 1994a; Migotto 1996; Genzano & Zamponi 1997, 2003; Grohmann 1997, 2006, 2007, abstract; Grohmann et al. 1997, 2003; Nogueira et al. 1997; Rosso & Marques 1997; Horta et al. 2001, abstract; Migotto et al. 2001, 2002; Kelmo & Attrill 2003; Marques & Migotto 2003; Oliveira 2003; Bornancin et al. 2006, abstract; Marques et al. 2006; Miranda  & Marques 2006, abstract; Oliveira et al. 2006; Bornancin 2008; Oliveira & Marques 2007, 2011; Shimabukuro 2007; Bornancin & Haddad 2008, abstract; Amaral et al. 2010b; Cangussu et al. 2010; Cunha & Jacobucci 2010; Genzano 2010; Kremer & Rocha 2011; Silveira & Morandini 2011; Miranda  et al. 2011, 2015; Bumbeer & Rocha 2012; Flynn & Valèrio-Berardo 2012; Marques et al. 2013; Velásquez et al. 2013; Fernandez et al. 2014, 2015; Masi et al. 2015; Meretta & Genzano 2015);

medusa—Atlantic Ocean, Brazil, from 23°S to 25°S, Argentina, at 38.08ºS 57.51ºW (Vannucci 1955; Zamponi & Suarez 1991; Migotto 1996; Migotto et al. 2002).

Habitat: polyp—from intertidal zone to 128m, on algae, Antipathes galapagensis  , ascidians, barnacles, bryozoans, corals, mussels, decapods, Diopatra cuprea  , Eucidaris  sp., gastropods, gorgonians, hydroids (e.g., Amphisbetia operculata  , Bougainvillia muscus  , Hybocodon chilensis  , Plumularia setacea  , Sertularella polyzonias  , Symplectoscyphus  sp.), Lepas  sp., Macrocystis pyrifera  , Mithraculus forceps  , polychaete tubes, rocks, shells, sponges, turtle carapaces, test panels, wood (Leloup 1935; Fraser 1938a, 1938b, 1948; Vannucci Mendes 1946; Leloup 1974 p. 18–19; Wedler 1975; Bandel & Wedler 1987; Haddad 1992; Migotto 1996; Migotto et al. 2001; Calder et al. 2003; Marques & Migotto 2003; Oliveira 2003; Bornancin et al. 2006; Marques et al. 2006; Oliveira et al. 2006; Bornancin 2008; Galea 2007 p. 91–93; Oliveira & Marques 2007, 2011; Shimabukuro 2007; Calder et al. 2009; Cunha & Jacobucci 2010; Genzano 2010; Miranda  et al. 2011; Velásquez et al. 2013; Fernandez et al. 2014, 2015; Masi et al. 2015; Meretta & Genzano 2015).