Clytia hemisphaerica (Linnaeus, 1767)

Otto M. P. Oliveira, Thaís P. Miranda, Enilma M. Araujo, Patricia Ayón, Cristina M. Cedeño-Posso, Amancay A. Cepeda-Mercado, Pab, 2016, Census of Cnidaria (Medusozoa) and Ctenophora from South American marine waters, Zootaxa 4194 (1), pp. 1-256: 163

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4194.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C21A07A7-3AD9-4AA2-8426-EAB08BA396E6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3F6387A9-FF4F-E2EB-85D8-FB1CDECD62F5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Clytia hemisphaerica (Linnaeus, 1767)
status

 

Clytia hemisphaerica (Linnaeus, 1767) 

Synonyms in the area: Clytia coronata  —Stechow 1914, 1919 [polyp]; Campanularia raridentata  —Jäderholm 1920 p. 3 [polyp]; Laomedea raridentata  —Leloup 1935 [polyp]; Laomedea coronata  —Leloup 1935 [polyp]; Clytia edwardsi  —Fraser 1938a; Calder et al. 2003 [polyp]; Clytia johnstoni  —Fraser 1938a [polyp]; Phialidium hemisphaericum  —Moncaleano & Niño 1976; Navas-Pereira 1974, 1980, 1981; Ramírez & Zamponi 1981; Giraldo & Villalobos 1983 [medusa]; Campanularia raridentata  —Genzano & Zamponi 1997 [polyp].

Remarks: the distribution range provided by Ramírez & Zamponi (1981) is not based on specific records and, therefore, we did not consider that information for this species.

Distribution in South America: polyp—Pacific Ocean, Colombia, at 2.99°N 78.199°W in Gorgona Island, Ecuador, from 0.2°S to 0.6°S between Isla Fernandina and Isla Isabela, Chile, Iquique and from 22.08°S to 53.37°S (Jäderholm 1920 p. 3; Fraser 1938a; Leloup 1974 p. 14–16; Calder et al. 2003); Atlantic Ocean, at Aruba, at Klein Bonaire, Bonaire, Argentina, at 39.50°S 61.50°W, at 46.65°S 66°W, at 46.72°S 66.20°W (Leloup 1935; Genzano & Zamponi 1997; Genzano 1995; Genzano et al. 2009a);

medusa—Atlantic Ocean, Colombia to Argentina, from 10.27°N to 10.42°N, 11°N to 17°N, from 29°S to 44°S (Navas-Pereira 1974, 1980, 1981; Moncaleano & Niño 1976; Giraldo & Villalobos 1983; Migotto et al. 2002; Failla-Siquier 2006; Silveira & Morandini 2011).

Habitat: polyp—from 3 to 300m depth, on algae, corals, decapods carapace, as well as epizoic on the hydroids Halecium delicatulum  , Obelia dichotoma  , Orthopyxis mollis  , Plumularia setacea  , Sertularella geniculata  , S. polyzonias  , Symplectoscyphus subdichotomus  , stems of tubulariids (Leloup 1935; Fraser 1938a; Leloup 1974 p. 14–16; Genzano 1995; Calder et al. 2003);

medusa—eurythermic and euryhaline species (Navas-Pereira 1974).