Clistopyga taironae Palacio, Bordera & Díaz

Palacio, Edgard, Bordera, Santiago, Sääksjärvi, Ilari E. & Díaz, Francisco, 2018, The Neotropical species of Clistopyga (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae). Part II: the C. isayae species group, with the description of seven new species, Zootaxa 4442 (1), pp. 101-121: 117-121

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Clistopyga taironae Palacio, Bordera & Díaz

sp. nov.

Clistopyga taironae Palacio, Bordera & Díaz  sp. nov.

( Figs 8A–J View Figure , 9F View Figure , 10A–C View Figure , 11E, 11G View Figure )

Diagnosis. Clistopyga taironae  sp. nov. can be distinguished from all other species of the C. isayae  species group by the combination of the following characters: mesosoma  yellow and black ( Figs 8D, I View Figure ); ocular orbits entirely bordered with yellow marks ( Figs 8A View Figure , 11E View Figure ); clypeal suture almost straight ( Fig. 8B View Figure ), clypeus 1.82˗1.92 × as broad as medially long; occipital carina present dorsally and ventrally ( Fig. 11E View Figure ); female hind wing with vein cu-a about 0.15 × as long as abscissa of Cu 1 between M and cu-a, abscissa of Cu 1 straight ( Fig. 8H View Figure ).

Description. Female: Body length 10.6–12.0 mm. Fore wing length 7.1–8.4 mm.

Head ( Figs 8A–C View Figure , 11E View Figure ). In dorsal view, moderately narrowed behind eyes. Gena smooth and shiny with uniformly sparse setiferous punctures, in dorsal view 0.25–0.32 × as long as eye ( Fig. 8C View Figure ), in frontal view slightly convex and moderately constricted below eyes. Frons smooth and shiny. Vertex smooth and shiny, with very isolated setiferous punctures. Posterior ocellus separated from eye 0.78–0.98 × its maximum diameter ( Fig. 8C View Figure ). Distance between hind ocelli 0.75–0.79 × maximum diameter of posterior ocellus. Occipital carina present dorsally and ventrally ( Fig. 11E View Figure ). Face with fine and dense setiferous punctures, distance between punctures more than twice the diameter of punctures. Clypeal suture almost straight ( Fig. 8B View Figure ). Clypeus 1.82–1.92 × as broad as medially long, distinctly convex in dorsal half, flat in ventral half, with apical margin bilobate. Malar space 0.60–0.80 × as long as basal mandibular width, with a granulate stripe between eye and mandible ( Figs 8A, B View Figure ). Antenna with 26˗27 flagellomeres, first flagellomere 6.9–7.3 × as long as wide.

Mesosoma  ( Figs 8D, 8I View Figure ). Pronotum shiny, mostly smooth, with fine and sparse setiferous punctures in upper posterior part. Mesoscutum entirely smooth and shiny, with fine and sparse setiferous punctures. Notauli deep, reaching about 0.46 of length of mesoscutum ( Fig. 8I View Figure ). Mesopleuron shiny, with moderately sparse setiferous punctures, except in posterior part under speculum. Subalar prominence moderately punctate, with about 21–31 setiferous punctures. Epicnemial carina weak, its dorsal end straight, ending at level of centre of pronotum. Metapleuron shiny, glabrous, except for some sparse setiferous punctures at posterior end, 2.8–2.9 × as long as deep. Propodeum smooth and shiny, with sparse and fine setiferous punctures laterally; in dorsal view 1.4–1.5 × as long as medially wide. Propodeal spiracle contiguous with groove separating propodeum and metapleuron, groove not interrupted by spiracle ( Fig. 8D View Figure ). Hind leg with femur 3.80–4.16 × as long as deep, 0.90–0.96 × as long as tibia.

Wings ( Figs 8G–H View Figure ). Fore wing with vein cu-a opposite Rs&M. Vein 2 rs-m about 0.38 × as long as abscissa of M between 2 rs-m and 2 m-cu. Abscissa of Cu 1 between 1 m-cu and Cu 1 a 1.38–1.42 × as long as Cu 1 b ( Fig. 8G View Figure ). Hind wing with vein cu-a about 0.15 × as long as abscissa of Cu 1 between M and cu-a ( Fig. 8H View Figure ). Vein cu-a reclivous, abscissa of Cu 1 vertical, straight to slightly curved. Vein Cu 1 well pigmented.

Metasoma (8E–F, 8J, 9F). Tergite I 1.6 × as long as posteriorly broad ( Fig. 9F View Figure ), smooth and shiny, with fine and relatively dense setiferous punctures laterally; spiracle near its basal 0.35; lateromedian longitudinal carinae strong, reaching about 0.2 of length of tergite; lateral longitudinal carinae weak, reaching about 0.3 of length of tergite. Sternite I extending back about 0.5 of length of tergite. Tergite II 1.30–1.35 × as long as posteriorly broad ( Fig. 8J View Figure ), central region shiny, with very fine and moderately sparse setiferous punctures; rest of tergites shiny, progressively more densely and strongly punctate. Ovipositor slender, shiny, very weakly upcurved at distal 0.3, 3.1–3.2 × as long as hind tibia ( Fig. 8F View Figure ). Ovipositor sheath about 2.2 × as long as hind tibia, length of setae on average about 1.7 × the sheath basal width.

Colouration. Head yellow with occipital region, vertex, frons centrally, and apex of mandibles dark brown to black; antenna blackish brown, ventrally pallid at base, with pedicel and scape ventrally yellow ( Figs 8A–C View Figure ). Mesosoma  yellow with central part of pronotum, most of mesoscutum except for lateral longitudinal stripes on median lobe and two pairs longitudinal stripes on lateral lobes, mark under subalar prominence, area around episternal scrobe, blotches on lower front corner and lower hind corner of mesopleron, margin of metapleuron, groove separating propodeum and metapleuron, and a broad stripe mediodorsally along propodeum dark brown to black ( Figs 8D, I View Figure ). Metasoma with tergite I mainly yellow ( Fig. 9F View Figure ), mediodorsally reddish brown, and with lateral and posterior margins marked with black; tergites from II to the last more or less entirely reddish brown, tergites II˗V with white preapical posterolateral marks, and black marked posterolaterally ( Figs 8E, J View Figure ); ovipositor sheath black. Legs yellowish; the hind coxae, trochanteral segments, and femora and tibiae of all legs dorsally and ventrally striped with blackish brown; tarsi infuscate. Wings hyaline, pterostigma blackish brown.

Male ( Figs 10A–C View Figure ): similar to female but body length 8.7 mm; fore wing length 6.0 mm; malar space 0.55 × as long as basal mandibular width; lower part of gena slightly concave, without a groove above mandibular base ( Fig. 10A View Figure ); hind wing with vein cu-a about 0.46 × as long as abscissa of Cu 1 between M and cu-a.

Colouration. Similar in colour to female but without white preapical posterolateral marks on tergites II˗V.

Etymology. This species is named in honour of the Precolombine indigenous tribe of Taironas, who lived in the territory that today is the type locality, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Magdalena ( Colombia).

Type material. Holotype 1♀: Colombia, Magdalena, Sierra Nevada, La Estación, 10o48´N, 73o39´W, 2220 m, Malaise trap, 15–31 Aug 2000, coll. J. Cantillo ( IAVHAbout IAVH).

Paratypes: 1 ♀ Colombia, same locality and trap type as holotype, 10o48´N, 73o39´W, 2300m, Malaise trap, 13-30 Jul 2001, coll. J. Cantillo ( IAVHAbout IAVH)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, same locality and trap type, 31 Aug–15 Sep 2001, coll. J. Cantillo ( IAVHAbout IAVH)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀ Venezuela, Estado Táchira, Betania, vía Páramo del Tama , 2425m, 16–20 Mar 1983, coll. Expedición Instituto de Zoología Agrícola , Facultad de Agronomía , UCV, Maracay ( MIZAAbout MIZA). 

Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela.


Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt


Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez