Carvalhomiris henryi , Forero, Dimitri, Rodriguez, Juanita & Ocampo, Valentina, 2018
Forero, Dimitri, Rodriguez, Juanita & Ocampo, Valentina, 2018, A new species of Carvalhomiris from Colombia with an assessment of its phylogenetic position (Heteroptera, Miridae, Orthotylinae), ZooKeys 796, pp. 197-214: 199-200
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Carvalhomiris henryi sp. n. Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
COLOMBIA, Antioquia, Jardín, Alto de Ventanas, carretera a Riosucio, 05.5400833°N 75.8035167°W, 2913m, 2 January 2014, D. Forero.
Holotype male, pinned dry brachypterous specimen (figure 1). Original printed labels: "COLOMBIA, Antioquia, Jardín, Alto de Ventanas, carretera a Riosucio, 05.5400833°N 75.8035167°W, 2913m, 2 Ene 2014, D.Forero" / "ex. Acmella sp. ( Compositae )" / " MPUJ_ENT 0017990" / "♂ Holotype Carvalhomiris henryi sp. n. Det. D.Forero 2017" [red printed label] (MPUJ).
2♂ macropters, same data as holotype / MPUJ_ENT 0017988- MPUJ_ENT 0017989 (MPUJ); 10♂ brachypters, same data as holotype / MPUJ_ENT 0017991, MPUJ_ENT 0017993- MPUJ_ENT 0018000 (MPUJ), MPUJ_ENT 0017992 ( USNM); 3♀ macropters, same data as holotype / MPUJ_ENT 0018001- MPUJ_ENT 0018002 (MPUJ), MPUJ_ENT 0018003 ( USNM); 3♀ brachypters, same data as holotype / MPUJ_ENT 0018005- MPUJ_ENT 0018007 (MPUJ). 3♂ brachypters, Jardín, Alto de Ventanas, carretera a Riosucio, 05.5648333°N 75.7944500°W, 2640m, 2 Ene 2014, D. Forero / MPUJ_ENT 0018013- MPUJ_ENT 0018015 (MPUJ); 5♀ brachypters, same data / MPUJ_ENT 0018008- MPUJ_ENT 0018012 (MPUJ).
1 nymph, same data as holotype / MPUJ_ENT 0018004 (MPUJ).
Recognized by the large, basally constricted process on posterior margin of right paramere in males.
Brachypterous male. Coloration (Figure 1): Overall coloration pale green. Antennal segments I-IV dark, I dorsomedially pale, II with medial broad pale ring, III basally pale yellow. Head yellowish green, postocular region greenish. Legs yellowish green, third tarsomere dark. Structure (see also Table 1): Head: Antennal segment II on medial surface of basal third with decumbent, simple setae. Thorax: Pronotum: anterior lobe flat. Hemelytron: Relatively short, not reaching apex of abdomen, apex rounded (Figure 1). Genitalia: Genital capsule, large, aperture semicircular (Figure 2E, F). Right paramere with ventral portion straight, directed caudad, apically without spines, posterior margin of paramere medially with truncate, basally constricted process with dorsal portion acutely prolongated (Figure 2A, arrow); left paramere with area caudad to dorsal sensory area with medially projected, acute process of narrow base (Figure 2C, D arrows), apex of paramere on ventral surface with small apical process (Figure 2B, arrow). Aedeagus with right margin of phallotheca with preapical area rounded, smooth (Figure 2G); dorsal endosomal spicule with dorsal portion slightly less than one half length of ventral portion, apex slightly upcurved (Figure 2G), straight in dorsal view (Figure 2H), base relatively narrow (Figure 2G); ventral portion of dorsal endosomal spicule surpassing apex of phallotheca, width homogeneous for most of length, apex strongly hooked with hook curved upwards in lateral view (Figure 2G, arrow) and left in dorsal view (Figure 2H).
Macropterous male (Figure 1). Similar to brachypterous male in coloration and structure, but with wider pronotum (Table 1), mesoscutum greatly exposed, and forewings fully developed.
Brachypterous female (Figure 1). Similar to brachypterous male in coloration and structure, but slightly larger. Thorax: Hemelytron shorter than abdomen, reaching only abdominal segment 5. Genitalia (Figure 3): Dorsal labiate plate on lateral infoldings with small sclerotized area cephalad of sclerotized infolding (Figure 3A). Anterior wall with medial margin of gonapophysis 8 asymmetrical (Figure 3B, arrow), left margin more protuberant than right one, with sclerotized rounded area cephalad of protuberance. Posterior wall as in generic description ( Forero 2009), with large, apically expanded interramal dorsal lobes (Fig. 3C).
Macropterous female (Figure 1). Similar to brachypterous female in coloration and structure, except forewings fully developed.
We are pleased to dedicate this new species to our friend and colleague Thomas J. Henry. The new name is treated as a Latin noun in the genitive case. Tom is an indefatigable entomologist, always willing to share his knowledge and help others. Tom’s enthusiasm for Heteroptera is contagious, not only in the lab but also in the field. Tom collected a long series of specimens of Carvalhomiris in Ecuador in 1996 that was described as C. bifurcatus ( Forero 2009); therefore, we take great pleasure in dedicating this new Colombian species of Carvalhomiris to Tom.
Known from the type locality on a road near Jardín, Antioquia, in the western Cordillera in Colombia. It was found from 2640 to 2913 meters in eleva tion, in a high Andean cloud forest (Figure 4A). This locality is the northernmost for any species of the genus (Figure 5).
Specimens of the new species were mostly associated with small roadside herbs of Acmella sp. ( Asteraceae ) (Figure 4B). Despite multiple observations, no direct plant feeding was observed.
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