Paridris taekuli Talamas & Masner
Talamas, Elijah J., Masner, Lubomir & Johnson, Norman F., 2013, Systematics of Trichoteleia Kieffer and Paridris Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea, Platygastridae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 34, pp. 1-79: 1
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|Paridris taekuli Talamas & Masner|
Paridris taekuli Talamas & Masner sp. n. Figures 16, 26, 86-89; Morphbank 40
Female body length: 1.63-2.71 mm (n=11). Male body length: 1.38-1.62 mm (n=2).
Number of basiconic sensilla on A8: one. Shape of male flagellomeres: spherical.
Color of head: brown to black. Distal margin of clypeus: serrate. Shape of distal margin of clypeus in anterior view: straight. Width of clypeus: greater than width across toruli. Lateral corner of clypeus: projecting into acute angle. Length of mediofacial striae: not extending above midpoint of compound eye. Anterodorsal node on interantennal process: absent. Central keel: absent. Length of OOL: greater than 2 ocellar diameters. Macrosculpture of frons between median ocellus and inner orbit of eye: absent. Patch of microsculpture posterior to lateral ocellus in male: absent. Patch of microsculpture posterior to lateral ocellus in female: absent. Patch of microsculpture between median and lateral ocelli: absent. Microsculpture on dorsal head: pustulate. Microsculpture of posterior gena: present. Shape of gena: not receding posterior to eye. Macrosculpture of posterior vertex: absent. Patch of microsculpture on temples: absent. Occipital carina above occipital foramen: absent. Ventral extent of occipital carina: extending to base of mandible. Setation of postgena: dense.
Color of mesosoma: brown to black.
Shape of pronotal shoulder in dorsal view: narrow and striplike. Transverse pronotal carina: present in posterior half of pronotum. Dorsal half of pronotal cervical sulcus: present as line of small cells. Ventral half of pronotal cervical sulcus: present as line of small cells. Sculpture of pronotal setal patch: punctate.
Anterior notaulus: absent. Orientation of notauli: converging posteriorly. Shape of posterior notaulus: ovoid. Microsculpture on anterior half of medial mesoscutum: pustulate. Macrosculpture of anterior medial mesoscutum: absent. Pattern of punctation density on medial mesoscutum: increasing anteriorly. Scutoscutellar sulcus: comprised of round cells. Median carina on posterior mesoscutellum: absent. Posterior scutellar sulcus: comprised of shallow round cells.
Punctures on dorsal part of posterior mesepimeral area: present. Size of punctures on dorsal part of posterior mesepimeral area: very fine. Mesopleural carina: absent. Postacetabular sulcus: crenulate. Striae ventrad of mesopleural carina: absent.
Setae on metascutellum: present. Posterior margin of metascutellum: straight; emarginate.
Setation of metapleural triangle: moderately dense. Paracoxal and metapleural sulci: separate. Sculpture of posterodorsal part of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Dorsal metapleural area: coarsely sculptured. Posterior margin of metapleuron below propodeal spiracle: straight to moderately convex.
Anterior projection of the propodeum: absent. Setation of metasomal depression: present. Posterior projection of the propodeum: present as a point formed by plical and lateral propodeal carinae. Plical carina: present. Lateral propodeal area: raised above propodeal surface and indicated by lesser setation. Shape of lateral propodeal area: continuous with prespiracular propodeal area. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: punctate rugulose.
Length of postmarginal vein: shorter than stigmal vein by less than one half length of stigmal vein; slightly longer than stigmalis (<1.5 ×); equal to stigmalis. Rs in fore wing: spectral. Cu vein in fore wing: spectral. M vein in forewing: spectral. Color of costal cell in female: hyaline. Color of sub-radial area in female: hyaline. Color of costal cell in male: hyaline. Color of cubito-medial area in female: hyaline. Color of anal margin in female: hyaline. Color of cubito-medial area in male: hyaline. Color of anal margin in male: hyaline. RS+M in forewing: spectral. Color of sub-stigmal area in male: hyaline. Basal vein in hind wing: spectral. Setation of hind wing: uniform throughout.
Color of metasoma: pale brown; brown to black. Longitudinal median carina on horn of T1: absent. Armature on posterior surface of T1 horn: absent. Interstitial sculpture of T1: finely rugulose. Patch of dense fine setae on anterolateral T1: absent. Form of T2 sulcus: transverse furrow. Posterior margin of transverse sulcus on T2: straight. Carina along posterior margin of transverse sulcus on T2 in female: present. Sublateral tergal carina on T2: absent. Microsculpture on T2: absent. Macrosculpture of T2 in female: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of T2 in male: longitudinally striate throughout. Carina along posterior margin of transverse sulcus on T2 in male: present. Microsculpture on T3: absent. Macrosculpture of medial T3 in female: weakly longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of lateral T3 in female: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of medial T3 in male: weakly longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of lateral T3 in male: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of T4 in male: absent. Macrosculpture of female T5: absent. Microscupture on female T6: present throughout. Constriction of apical T6 in female: present. Macrosculpture of S1: rugose. Setation of S1: absent. Distribution of longitudinal striae on S2: present throughout. Macrosculpture of S2: longitudinally striate. Form of S2 felt field: lateral row or patch of setigerous punctures. Marginal depression on S3: absent. Marginal depressions on S4: absent. Marginal depression on S5: absent.
The setose metascutellum of Paridris taekuli is known to occur in one other species of Paridris , Paridris spinosa Rajomohana, from India. Paridris taekuli lacks an occipital carina, has a postmarginal vein about as long as the stigmal vein, and an apically constricted T6. Paridris spinosa has an occipital carina dorsally, a punctiform postmarginal vein and an evenly convex T6.
This species is named after Charuwat Taekul, a friend, student and colleague of the authors, for his contributions to the taxonomy and systematics of Platygastroidea .
Link to distribution map.
Holotype, female: NEW CALEDONIA: Nord Prov., Pouembout Commune, Tiéa Forest, 7. XII– 14.XII.2000, malaise trap, M. E. Irwin, OSUC 266150 (deposited in MNHN). Paratypes: (12 females, 4 males) BANGLADESH: 1 female, OSUC 436199 (CNCI). FIJI: 2 females, FBA015309 (BPBM); FBA015307 (FNIC). INDIA: 1 female, OSUC 436198 (CNCI). INDONESIA: 1 male, OSUC 58726 (OSUC). IVORY COAST: 2 females, 1 male, OSUC 181228, 453531, 453535 (CNCI). THAILAND: 5 females, 2 males, OSUC 436197, 453753 (CNCI); OSUC 266168 (OSUC); OSUC 266169, 266173-266175 (QSBG). VIETNAM: 1 female, OSUC 265232 (RMNH). Other material: MADAGASCAR: 1 male, OSUC 334142 (CASC).
Specimen OSUC 334142 lacked setae on the metascutellum, as well as on other parts of the body, following the DNA extraction process that we believe caused loss of setation. Because setation of the metascutellum is the most diagnostic character for this species, we exclude the male DNA voucher specimen from the paratype series. The three specimens from the Ivory Coast exhibit notable variability in some of the diagnostic characters, namely, the posterior margin of the metascutellum is slightly emarginate; the setation of the metascutellum is medially reduced; and the postmarginal vein is slightly longer than the stigmal vein wheras it is equal to or less than the length of the stigmal vein in specimens from Asia and Madagascar.
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