Pheidole demeter , Wilson, E. O., 2003

Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 186

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Pheidole demeter

new species

Pheidole demeter  HNS  new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Gr demeter  HNS  , goddess of agriculture and social order.

diagnosis A member of the diligens  HNS  group closest to calimana  , cataractae  HNS  , scimitar  HNS  , and tenuis  HNS  , differing as follows. Major: humerus in side view with "sharkfin" extension; propodeal spine small and sharp or else reduced to a denticle as illustrated; posterior half of dorsal head surface covered by longitudinal carinulae, those on occiput broken and faint; space between eye and antennal fossa rugoreticulate.

Minor: propodeal spine absent; occiput narrowed, with nuchal collar.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.08, HL 1.12, SL 0.80, EL 0.20, PW 0.48.

Paratype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.62, SL 0.82, EL 0.14, PW 0.32.

Color Major: head and mandibles light brown with slight reddish tinge; anterior half of first gastral tergite plain light brown; mesosoma and rest of gaster plain medium brown; rest of appendages light, almost yellowish brown.

Minor: concolorous plain medium brown except for first gastral tergite and appendages, which are light brown.

range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Of three colonies collected by Cover and Tobin at Cuzco Amazonico, Peru, two were nesting in rotten sticks in the litter surface of terra firme forest, and the third was beneath the bark of a palm log in seasonally flooded forest.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. PERU: Cuzco Amazonico, 15 km northeast of Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios (Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin). Scale bars = 1 mm.