Ficus hispida L.f.

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 122-123

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Ficus hispida L.f.


Ficus hispida L.f. 


Myanmar: ka-aung, kadut. English: country fig, hairy fig.


Tropical Asia from India to northern Australia. In Myanmar, found in Bago, Mandalay, Taninthayi, and Yangon.


Used to treat diabetes (plant part not given in Nordal 1963). Fruit: Used in poultices.


In India the bark, fruit, and seed are employed as an emetic and purgative ( Jain and DeFilipps 1991). In China latex from the stem is used for diarrhea, dysuria, and applied to cracks in the soles of the feet; the fruit is applied to warts (with Allium  and Sesbania  ) ( Duke and Ayensu 1985). In Malaya a leaf decoction is used for fever and parturition and a bark decoction for stomachaches, pounded leaves are applied to boils and ulcerated noses; in Indonesia latex is used for diarrhea and dysuria, and bark and turmeric are mixed with rice water for eczema ( Duke and Ayensu 1985). Ayurvedics use the plant for anemia, biliousness, blood disorders, dysentery, epistaxis, hemorrhoids, jaundice, stomatorrhagia, and ulcers; the fruit is used as an emetic, aphrodisiac, lactagogue, and tonic ( Duke and Ayensu 1985). On the Malay Peninsula a decoction of the leaves is given as a protective medicine after childbirth and to treat fever, a decoction of the bark with that of several other plants is used as another remedy for fever, pounded leaves are applied to boils and (in a compound) to an ulcerated nose; in Indonesia the latex is ingested to treat diarrhea and painful urination and externally applied to cracks in the soles of the feet, fruit mixed with red onions and Sesbania  leaves is used on warts, and a mixture made from the bark and Curcuma  ground together with water from red rice is applied to pustulous eczema ( Perry 1980).

The bark contains tannin, wax, a caoutchouc, and a glucoside principle; the latex contains an alcohol extract and a chloroform extract ( Duke and Ayensu 1985).


Nordal (1963), Perry (1980), Duke and Ayensu 1985.