Altumia delicata , Benayahu, Yehuda, McFadden, Catherine S. & Shoham, Erez, 2017

Benayahu, Yehuda, McFadden, Catherine S. & Shoham, Erez, 2017, Search for mesophotic octocorals (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) and their phylogeny: I. A new sclerite-free genus from Eilat, northern Red Sea, ZooKeys 680, pp. 1-11: 1-2

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.680.12727

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:578016B2-623B-4A75-8429-4D122E0D3279

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/4D9A82B8-F305-43E1-A5A4-3F9DB672781A

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:4D9A82B8-F305-43E1-A5A4-3F9DB672781A

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Altumia delicata
status

sp. n.

Altumia delicata  sp. n. Figures 2, 3

Holotype.

ZMTAU CO 37427, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Eilat, 29°30'38.31"N, 34°55'59.30"E, 132 m, 30 May 2016, collected by ROV, coll. M. Weis; paratype: ZMTAU CO 37495, Israel, Gulf of Aqaba, Eilat, 29°30'37.29"N, 34°55'59.28"E, 118 m, 8 March 2017, collected by ROV, coll. M. Weis

Diagnosis.

The ethanol-preserved holotype is comprised of thin patches of short stolon-like crusts growing over the dead branch of a black coral ( Antipatharia  ) (Figure 2A), almost invisible to the naked eye. The milky-white, thin (<0.5 mm) crusts are a few mm long (Figure 2B), very soft, almost slime-like. Polyps completely retracted and practically invisible in the preserved colonies. No sclerites observed in any part of the colony.

When alive, the delicate, semi-transparent expanded polyps are distinct and are up to 20 mm long, featuring eight pinnate tentacles (Figure 3A). The ROV photographs indicate that the colonies commonly grow on dead black corals; the latter may reach a large size (~45 cm in length) and can be predominantly fouled by A. delicata  (Figure 3B). Interestingly, debris, such as PVC net found at a depth of 100 m, was found to be colonized by this octocoral (Figure 3C).

Intraspecific variability.

There are no differences between the holotype and the paratype except for the size of the colonies.

Etymology.

The species name is formed from the Latin ' delicata  ', delicate, referring to the fine texture of the colonies and their polyps. Gender female.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Anthozoa

Order

Alcyonacea

Family

Clavulariidae

Genus

Altumia