Dactylorhiza maculata, (L.) Soó, 1962,

D. M. Moore (ed.), 1980, CCIII Orchidaceae, Flora Europaea, Vol 5: Alismataceae to Orchidaceae, Camebridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 325-350: 336

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.215522

persistent identifier


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scientific name

Dactylorhiza maculata


11. D. maculata (L.) Soö  ,

loc. cit. (1962) ( Orchis maculata  L.).

Stem with 5-12 distant leaves. Leaves with or without dark spots; lower linear-lanceolate to ovate or oblong, acute to obtuse. Bracts mostly shorter than the flowers. Outer perianth-segments 7-11 mm. Middle lobe cf labellum shorter than to as long as (rarely longer than) and much narrower than the lateral lobes. Spur 3-11 mm, cylindrical, shorter than to as long as ovary. 2n=40, 60, 80.

Moorland, grassland and damp woods; mainly on

acid soils.

Much of Europe, but absent from most of the south­ east.?A 1 Au Be?B 1 Br Co?Cz Da Fa Fe Ga Ge Hb He Ho Hs?Hu Is It Ju Lu No Po Rm Rs (N, B, C, W) Si Su.

1 Flowers yellowish-white; leaves without dark spots (e) subsp. transsilvanica 

1 Flowers pink, lilac, reddish or purple; leaves with or without dark spots

2 Lower leaves broadly lanceolate to ovate

3 Stem not more than 60 cm, solid; spur i as long to as long as ovary (a) subsp. maculata 

3 Stem 10-20 cm, hollow; spur shorter than ovary (d) subsp. islandica 

2 Lower leaves linear- to oblong-lanceolate or narrowly oblong

4 Lower leaves narrowly oblong; middle lobe of labellum at least as long as lateral lobes (c) subsp. schurii 

4 Lower leaves linear- to oblong-lanceolate; middle lobe of labellum much shorter than to as long as lateral lobes (b) subsp. elodes