Nothris congressariella (Bruand, 1858)

Karsholt, Ole & Šumpich, Jan, 2015, A review of the genus Nothris Hübner, 1825, with description of new species (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), Zootaxa 4059 (3), pp. 471-498: 474-479

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4059.3.3

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:29A39F94-77F8-471F-994E-4134C2F03723

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5369867B-4F04-3756-FF34-D346FCC7F97E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nothris congressariella (Bruand, 1858)
status

 

Nothris congressariella (Bruand, 1858) 

( Figs 3–8 View Figure , 41–45 View Figure , 108 View Figure , 114– 115 View Figure )

Ypsolopha congressariella Bruand, 1858: 471  , pl. 11, fig. 7, 7 a. Nothris declaratella Staudinger, 1859: 238 

Type material examined. Lectotype ♂: ‘ 28 / 6 ’ | ‘Lectotype’ | ‘Orign’ | ‘Chiclana m’ | ‘ Lectotypus Nothris declaratella Stdge.  teste K. Sattler, 1986 ’ | ‘ex col Staudinger’ (MFN); 1 ♂, ‘ 29 / 4 ’ | ‘Orign.’|’Paralectotype’| ‘ex col Staudinger’ (MFN).

Other material studied. France (2); Greece (8), Greece, Crete (3), Great Britain (4), Italy (1), Spain (5), Spain, Canary Islands (7).

Croatia. Omiš env., Marušići, 15 ♂, 11 ♀, 130 m, 3.– 17.viii. 2008, leg. J. Šumpich, gen. prep. Šumpich 14 /001 ( NMPCAbout NMPC). Macedonia. Galicica NP, 3.4 km NNE Stenje, Oteshevo, 850 m, 1 ♀, 17.vi. 2013, leg. P. Skou ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC). Slovenia. Nanos Mts., Lovska koča, 700 m, 2 ♂, 3.vii. 2013, leg. J. Šumpich ( NMPCAbout NMPC); Tunisia. North of Gafsa, 3 ♂, 6.iv. 1998, leg. F. Iversen ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC). Turkey. Amasya, Sakarat Dagi, Karatas, 1700 m, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 24.vii. 1998, leg. K. Larsen ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC); Corum, Cekerek, 1300 m, 1 ♀, 17.vii. 1989, leg. M. Fibiger & N. Esser ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC); Gümüshane, Kop Geçidi, 2400 m, 1 ♂, 13–14.ix. 1993, leg. M. Fibiger ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC); Kars, Pasli Pass, 2020 m, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, 10.ix. 1993, leg. M. Fibiger ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC); Konya, 15 km S Kurukaova, 1100 m, 1 ♂, 1.viii. 1998, leg. K. Larsen ( ZMUCAbout ZMUC).

Description. Adult ( Figs 3–8 View Figure ). Wingspan 16–21 mm. Segment 2 of labial palpus black at base, apically white; segment 3 cream-white. Scape of antenna black; flagellum light at base, becoming blackish towards tip, indistinctly darker ringed. Head cream-white, greyish in middle; thorax blackish brown; tegula light yellowish brown. Forewing light brown with lighter costa and blackish brown in basal part of the wing, along fold and a streak from base to middle of wing; black dots in fold (followed by white scales) and at ½ and 2 / 3 in middle of wing: veins in apical part of wing black; black spots along termen; cilia grey with dark grey cilia line. Hindwing grey.

Variation. A variable species especially with regard to the amount of black scales in the forewing (specimens from the Canary Islands can be almost without black). The veins are normally black, but they can also be concolorous with the forewing. Sometimes there are white scales before the terminal spots in the forewing.

Male genitalia ( Figs 41–45 View Figure ). Valva comparatively broad, bulging medially, sparsely covered with long setae, more densely only in its medial parts. Sacculus nearly erect, slightly pointed terminally covered with an irregular row of strong spines along the whole of its length (with more spines concentrated basally). Uncus broad, with slightly broadened apex, rounded, sparsely covered with setae. Gnathos markedly arcuate, terminally flattened in lateral view and with a thumb-like termination in frontal view. Saccus broad, subrectangular. Phallus very narrow, only slightly curved terminally, ending with a long flagellum in shape of a double loop. Bulbus ejaculatorius with one elongated lamina.

Female genitalia ( Figs 108 View Figure , 114–115 View Figure ). Papillae anales small, broadly oval. Apophyses posteriores very short, less than twice as long as apophyses anteriores. Subgenital plate broad, in lateral view deeply concave medially. Ductus bursae distally straight and coiled approximately five times proximally. Ductus seminalis arising in the middle of ductus bursae, slightly broadened and membranous proximally, distally with a short, sparsely spined section followed by elongated bulla seminalis. Corpus bursae oval, signum prominent, basal plate elongated, then terminally rounded and bearing two large lateral plates of rounded shape.

Differential diagnosis. N. congressariella  is characterized by the brownish forewings with a lighter costa, and with dark scales on the veins. It may resemble N. verbascella  , but that species is on average larger and is without blackish brown in basal part of the forewing.

A distinctive species with characteristic shape of gnathos, medially broadened valva, narrow, long and erect sacculus and a very long flagellum in male genitalia and characteristic shape of subgenital plate and ductus seminalis in female genitalia.

Distribution. From the Canary Islands, Tunisia, SW Europe, Greece, Macedonia to Turkey; northwards to south-western part of the British Isles.

Bionomics. The larva has been described by e.g. Emmet & Heckford (2002: 223). It feeds on Scrophularia  L., although Inula  L. and Vincetoxicum Wolf  have also been reported as host plants ( Lhomme 1946 –1949: 635). In early instars the larva feeds between two spun leaves; later under a folded spun leaf. It pupates in a light cocoon among detritus (Emmet & Heckford, op cit.).

Remarks. Ypsolopha congressariella  was described from an unstated number of specimens (probably one), bred from a larva found on Inula viscosa  (now Dittrichia viscosa  (L.) Greuter) at Montpellier in France in June 1857. It is not clear from the description if the larva was feeding on the Inula  plant, or it was only found resting there.

Nothris declaratella  was described from one female from 29.iv. and one male from 23.vi. collected in Spain (Andalusia: Chiclana).

The figures of N. verbascella  and N. congressariella  female genitalia are reversed in the work of Emmet & Heckford (2002, 63; fig. 43 b belongs to N. congressariella  ).

NMPC

National Museum Prague

ZMUC

Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Gelechiidae

Genus

Nothris

Loc

Nothris congressariella (Bruand, 1858)

Karsholt, Ole & Šumpich, Jan 2015

2015
Loc

Ypsolopha congressariella

Staudinger 1859: 238