Opadometa kuchingensis Dzulhelmi et Suriyanti

Dzulhelmi, Muhammad Nasir, Suriyanti, Su, Zulqarnain, Mohamed & Norma, Che Yusoff, 2015, Two new Opadometa species (Araneae: Tetragnathidae) from Sarawak, Malaysia, Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 65, pp. 101-107: 103-106

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Opadometa kuchingensis Dzulhelmi et Suriyanti

sp. nov.

Opadometa kuchingensis Dzulhelmi et Suriyanti  , sp. nov.

Etymology. The specific name is a noun, referring to the division in Sarawak where the holotype was collected.

Diagnosis. The O. kuchingensis  resembles O. fastigata  and O. sarawakensis  but can be differentiat- ed by the following: Epigyne: (1) The O. kuchingensis  have shorter copulatory duct while O. sarawakensis  copulatory ducts are more than half the spermathecae length Abdomen: (2) The O. kuchingensis  has an oval abdomen that does not overhang the carapace while O. fastigata  and O. sarawakensis  has a pear-shaped abdomen and strongly overhangs the carapace. Legs: (3) The O. kuchingensis  and O. sarawakensis  have dense brush of hairs on tibia I and IV while O. fastigata  has dense hairs on tibia IV only.

Description. Female. Total length 7.05; Carapace: 3.33 long, 2.20 wide. Carapace light-brown in colour, carapace longer than wide (approximately 70%), cephalic area slightly narrower or nearly equal to thoracic area, sternum dark-brown in colour and slightly longer than wide in length, 1.27 long, 1.24 ( Fig. 17View Figures 14–21). Eyes: diameters AME 0.18, ALE 0.10, PME 0.18, PLE 0.10; inter-distances AME–AME 0.14, AME–ALE 0.43, PME–PME 0.11, PME–PLE 0.36, PLE–PLE 0.10, AME–PME 0.21; clypeus 0.21 high. Lateral eyes loosely contiguous or almost so, eight eyes in slightly two recurved rows. PME slightly shorter than AME, distance between PME slightly shorter than between AME, PME size greater than distance between them, AME size about the same as distance between them, distance between PME and PLE are about two times the PME eye size ( Fig. 16View Figures 14–21). Chelicerae: Promargin with series of 4 teeth, retromargin with series of 3 teeth ( Figs 14, 15View Figures 14–21). Abdomen: abdomen 3.78 long, 2.44 width; Pear-shaped abdomen not overhanging the cephalothorax, light-orange abdomen colour with darker orange marking covering one third of the dorsal end of the abdomen, with black marking at the tip of the abdomen ( Fig. 19View Figures 14–21). Spinnerets: Spinnerets at ventral tip of abdomen, tip of spinneret facing downward and does not exceed end of abdomen. Legs: Legs light-brown in colour with black annulations, Leg formula ( I – II – IV – III), leg measurements (femur/ patella/ tibia/ metatarsus / tarsus/ total): leg I (4.78/1.11/4.01/5.44/ 1.56/16.90), leg II (4.01/1.02/3.22/3.89/1.22/13.36), leg III (2.44/0.68/ 1.56/2.02/0.89/7.59), and leg IV (4.44/0.89/ 3.00/3.78/ 1.11/13.22). Short spines on legs, Leg I: femur I with 3–5 spines, tibia I wit 3–4 spines, dense brush hairs covering more than one-third of the tibia, Leg II: femur II with 1–2 spines, tibia II with 3–4 spines, very few brush hairs covering more than one-third of the tibia, one row of short trichobothria covering half of retrolateral femur II, Leg III: femur III with 1–2 spines, tibia III with 3–4 spines, one row of short trichobothria covering more than two third of prolateral femur III; Leg IV: femur IV with 1–2 spines, tibia 4 with 3–4 spines, dense brush hairs covering more than one-third of the tibia, two rows of long trichobothria covering more than one third of the prolateral femur IV ( Fig. 18View Figures 14–21). Epigyne: Epigyne simple and weakly sclerotized, spermathecae ovate and mushroom-like in shape, copulatory duct shorter than spermathecae in length ( Figs 20, 21View Figures 14–21).

Male. Unknown.

Type material. Female holotype ( BNP005) from Bako National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia (1°41’N, 110°26’E) was collected by hand-picking (Collector: Dzulhelmi Nasir ) during the daytime at 11:30 hours on 27th April 2013GoogleMaps  .

Distribution. It is only known from the type locality at the lowland dipterocarp forest in Sarawak.

Natural history. Diurnal. The spiders were found resting at the center of its hub during the day light. The webs were constructed at 45° angle at an open space above 200 cm from ground which was covered with dense shrubs. Premature female of similar species were also found at close proximity to where this adult female was caught.