Raphia frater piazzi Hill

Schmidt, B. Christian & Anweiler, Gary G., 2014, Taxonomy and biogeography of the Nearctic Raphia Huebner (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Raphiinae), ZooKeys 421, pp. 91-113: 103-104

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.421.7517

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4DB3DA2D-21B1-4D26-9544-B4008028D304

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5877D2D0-A333-5D08-8BCC-92312AA279D4

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Raphia frater piazzi Hill
status

 

Raphia frater piazzi Hill   Figs 1a View Figure 1 , 2 View Figure 2

Paphia   [sic] piazzi Hill, 1927.

Type material.

Holotype male [USNM]. Type locality: Brownsville, Texas [USA].

Diagnosis and description.

Raphia frater piazzi   is the least-known member of the group with a restricted distribution in central and southern Texas. Most similar in size and facies to Raphia frater abrupta   , it is distinguished from that subspecies by the paler, more evenly grey forewing with sharper transverse lines than in Raphia frater abrupta   . The biology and biogeographic relationship to Raphia frater abrupta   , which occurs to the northeast of piazzi’s range, is not known, and very few specimens of this taxon are present in collections. An additional enigma is whether or not Rio Grande piazzi populations interact with the vastly-different looking Sonoran Raphia frater elbea   .

Biology and distribution.

Described from southernmost Texas, this subspecies is otherwise known only from the Edwards Plateau region; a single specimen from Sinton County to the southeast is phenotypically intermediate between abrupta and piazzi, but clearly more field work is needed to establish the limits of both subspecies. mtDNA barcode data of three piazzi specimens (Sinton Co. and Zavalla Co.) are very similar to the haplotypes of Raphia frater abrupta   , Raphia frater frater   , and Raphia frater coloradensis   .

Remarks.

We were unable to obtain DNA sequence from topotypical specimens of piazzi from the lower Rio Grande near Brownsville, Texas. The unique haplotype of the Edwards Plateau specimens ( Fig. 4 View Figure 4 ) may represent nominal piazzi, but could equally represent a unique genetic lineage from the Edwards Plateau, with its unique fauna much of which is not shared with the Rio Grande fauna.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Noctuidae

Genus

Raphia