Opopaea concolor (Blackwall)

Platnick, Norman I. & Dupérré, Nadine, 2009, The Goblin Spider Genera Opopaea and Epectris (Araneae, Oonopidae) in the New World, American Museum Novitates 3649, pp. 1-44 : 22-29

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/664.1

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/5B0FDF6B-B101-FFC2-FF51-7726AFA5797C

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Opopaea concolor (Blackwall)
status

 

Opopaea concolor (Blackwall)

Figures 73–104 View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs

Oonops concolor Blackwall, 1859: 265 (male and female syntypes from Madeira, should be in Hope Department of Entomology, Oxford University, but not found there by Zoe Simmons, personal commun.).

Opopaea concolor: Kulczyński, 1899: 339 , pl. 6, fig. 25. – Wunderlich, 1987: 63, figs. 24–26. – Saaristo, 2001: 333, figs. 93B–98B. – Saaristo and van Harten, 2006: 137, figs. 22, 23a, 23b, 24a, 24b, 25a, 25b, 26a, 26b, 27. – Saaristo, 2007: 136, figs. 90–92. – Saaristo and Marusik, 2008: 20, figs. 13–21, 119–121, 123–132, 193, 199, 218, 228.

Myrmecoscaphiella borgmeyeri Mello-Leitão, 1926: 2 (male holotype from Rodeio , Santa Catarina, Brazil, in MNRJ, examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

Opopaea devia Gertsch, 1936: 5 , fig. 13 (female holotype from Edinburg, Hidalgo Co., Texas, in AMNH, examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

Opopaea guaraniana Birabén, 1954: 203 , figs. 30–36, 50 (female holotype and male allotype from Manantiales , Corrientes, Argentina, lost). NEW SYNONYMY.

Opopaea bandina Chickering, 1969: 147 , figs. 1–3 (female holotype from Largo , Pinellas Co., Florida, in MCZ, examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

Gamasomorpha atlantica Benoit, 1977: 35 , figs. 13a–e (male holotype from Prosperous Bay Plain, Saint Helena, in Musée Royal de l’Afrique Central, not examined). First synonymized by Saaristo and Marusik, 2008: 20.

Opopaea atlantica: Brignoli, 1983: 188 .

DIAGNOSIS: Males can be distinguished from those of O. deserticola by the ventrally unexpanded palpal bulb (figs. 93–96, 99–104), females by having the small, dark knob marking the origin of the receptaculum situated quite far from the epigastric furrow (figs. 91, 92, 97, 98).

MALE (PBI_OON 1058). Total length 1.23, habitus as in figs. 73–75. As in O. deserticola except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX (figs. 79–81, 87): pars cephalica pores, serrula not scanned. ABDOMEN (figs. 82, 89): setae and outgrowths near pedicel not scanned. LEGS: tibial glands and pores, tarsal claw dentition, trichobothria and tarsal organs not scanned. GENITALIA: Palpal trichobothria not scanned. Bulb not expanded ventrally (figs. 93–96, 99–104).

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1213). Total length 1.47, habitus as in figs. 76–78. As in female of O. deserticola except as noted. CEPHALO- THORAX (figs. 83–85, 88): Palpal trichobothria not scanned. ABDOMEN (figs. 86, 90): Spinnerets not scanned. LEGS: Not scanned. GENITALIA: Ventral view: epigastric region with protruding knob situated posterior of epigastric furrow (figs. 91, 97). Dorsal view: sclerotized portions of receptaculum short, Tshaped, originating well posterior of epigastric furrow (figs. 92, 98).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: Arizona: Yuma Co. : Yuma, Apr. 1, 1960, running across patio at noon (V. Roth, AMNH PBI _OON 1214), 13. California: Los Angeles Co.: no specific locality, Dec. 1954, in termite-infested wood ( AMNH PBI _ OON 31056 View Materials ), 13; Hermosa Beach, Mar. 18, 1941 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 31058 View Materials ), 13; Westwood, Los Angeles Basin, Apr. 19, 1955, in termite-infested wood (R. Pence, AMNH PBI _OON 1193), 13. Riverside Co.: Riverside Agricultural Experiment Station, Oct. 7, 2002, in yellow jacket traps in citrus and eucalypt (R. Vetter, CAS 9023427, PBI _OON 3750), 13. District of Columbia: Washington, U. S. National Museum Building, room 83, Dec. 27, 1934 (C. Shoemaker, USNM 2046648, PBI _ OON 27934 View Materials ), 1♀. Florida: Alachua Co. : Gainesville ( AMNH PBI _OON 1982), 1♀, Apr. 9, 1979, in cloth-sealed package from Argentina (L. Strange, FSCA PBI _ OON 21189 View Materials ), 1♀; Science Hall, Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, Dec. 6, 1948, bookcase ( AMNH PBI _OON 1208), 13 (missing both palpal bulbs), 1♀. Glades Co.: near Harrisburg, Apr. 1956, bromeliad in cypress trees (C. Hoff, AMNH PBI _OON 1275), 1♀. Highlands Co.:

74, 77. Ventral view. 75, 78. Lateral view.

Archbold Biological Station, Lake Placid, Nov. 23, 1952 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1204), 1♀, Dec. 8, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1195 ) , 1♀, Oct. 1, 1962 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1194 ) , 1♀, July 3– 8, 1978, litter, elev. 20 m (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI _ OON 36544 View Materials , 36545 ) , 23; De Soto City , Oct. 5, 1962 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1202 ) , 1♀; Highlands Hammock State Park , along County Road, N boundary, Apr. 5, 1966, palmetto pine/pine swamp forest (J. Wagner, FMNH PBI _ OON 37515 View Materials ) , 13. Indian River Co.: no specific locality, Australian pine (K. Hibbard, R. Kendrick, FSCA PBI _ OON 21187 View Materials ) , 1♀. Lee Co.: Fort Myers Beach , 26 ° 26 9 N, 81 ° 56 9 W, Mar. 17, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 31054 View Materials ) GoogleMaps , 1♀. Okeechobee Co.: Kissimmee Prairie Preserve State Park , Jan. 1977, bromeliad leaves (D. Strohmeyer, AMNH PBI _ OON 31055 View Materials ) , 13. Orange Co.: 3 mi NW Maitland , 28 ° 38 9 N, 81 ° 24 9 W, Dec. 10, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1292 ) GoogleMaps , 1♀. Pinellas Co.: Largo , May 1964 (L. Levi, MCZ) , 1♀ (holotype). Sarasota Co. : Myakka River State Park , 27 ° 14 9 N, 82 ° 16 9 W, Dec. 26, 1963 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1263 ) GoogleMaps , 23, 1♀. Saint Lucie Co.: Bluefield , Aug. 24, 1983, on Casuarina (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI _ OON 21184 View Materials ) , 13, Dec. 14, 1983, on pine (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI _ OON 21190 View Materials ) , 1♀; White City , Aug. 11, 1983, on Casuarina (K. Hibbard, FSCA PBI _ OON 21188 View Materials ) , 1♀. Volusia Co. : Edgewater , Feb. 28, 1939 (C. Frost, MCZ 66783 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26767 View Materials ) , 2♀. Texas: Hidalgo Co.: Edinburg , Dec. 1–10, 1926 (S. Mulaik, AMNH PBI _ OON 1213 ) , 1♀, May 30, 1935 (S. Mulaik, AMNH PBI _ OON 31057 View Materials ) , 1♀ (holotype), Mar. 1939 (E. Atwood, AMNH PBI _ OON 1219 ) , 1♀; 3 mi E Edinburg , Apr. 12, 1937 (S. Mulaik, AMNH PBI _ OON 1211 ) , 1♀; 7 mi S Pharr , May 30, 1939 (S. Mulaik, AMNH PBI _ OON 1215 ) , 13. MEXICO: Baja California Sur: Rancho de Parras , 12 mi S Loreto, Jan. 29, 1965 (V. Roth, AMNH PBI _ OON 1986 ) , 1♀. Guerrero: Ayotzinapa , Jan. 14, 1941 (F. Bonet, AMNH PBI _ OON 1373 ) , 13. Hidalgo: Taxquillo, Tzindejeh , Río Tula , 20 ° 33 9 N, 99 ° 19 9 W, Aug. 20, 1964 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1369 , 1409 ) GoogleMaps , 53, 4♀, July 29, 1966 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1395 ) , 13, 1♀. Nayarit: Compostela , July 26, 1954 (W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI _ OON 1394 ) , 13. Oaxaca: Tlacolula, 16 ° 57 9 N, 96 ° 27 9 W, Apr. 30, 1963, under cliff (W. Gertsch, W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1393 , 93 , 1♀. Sinaloa : 6 mi S Culiacán, July 22, 1954 (W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI _ OON 1415 ), 13. COSTA RICA: no specific locality, intercepted at New Orleans , Louisiana , June 1, 1936, USNM 2046648 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27926 View Materials ) GoogleMaps , 1♀. Alajuela: Alfaro Ruiz, Zarcero , Mar. 18, 1997, elev. 1600–1700 m ( INBIO 2805767 , PBI _ OON 29668 View Materials ) , 13. Heredia: Llorente, Flores coffee plantation, Feb. 11, 2007, dead leaves (C. Víquez, AMNH PBI _ OON 29679 View Materials ) , 1♀; INBIO, Santo Domingo , June 23, 1997, in book (A. Solis, C. Víquez, INBIO 47179 , PBI _ OON 29678 View Materials ) , 1♀. San Jose´: San Joaquín , June 9, 1997 (C. Víquez, AMNH PBI _ OON 37516 View Materials ) , 1♀. WEST INDIES: Bahama Islands: South Bimini , May 1951 (W. Gertsch, M. Cazier, AMNH PBI _ OON 1249 ) , 2♀. GREATER ANTILLES: Cuba: La Habana: San Antonio de los Baños , June 18, 2003, in house (G. Alayón, AMNH PBI _ OON 241 ) ,

13 Jamaica: St. Andrew : Mona, 1953, grass and bushes (G. Underwood, MCZ 72281 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26677 View Materials ), 1♀. COLOMBIA : Magdalena: Punta Betín , Santa Marta, Nov.–Dec. 1985, pitfalls (H. Müller, MHNG

PBI _ OON 15780 View Materials ), 53, 4♀. BRAZIL: Santa Catarina: Rodeio, in nest of Eciton army ants (T. Borgmeyer, MNRJ), 13 (holotype) . ARGENTINA: Capital Federal: Buenos

Aires , Oct. 29, 1984 (M. Ramírez, MACN 15300 View Materials , PBI _ OON 14772 View Materials ) , 13. Misiones: Dieciséis de Octubre , Oct. 1953 (De Carlo, R. Schiapelli, Viana, M. Galiano, MACN

3780, PBI _ OON 14771 View Materials ), 23, 5♀, Nov. 1, 1954 (R. Schiapelli, MACN 15301 View Materials , PBI _ OON 14773 View Materials ), 13. ECUADOR: Guayas: Guayaquil, Jan. 1943 (H. Exline, D. Frizzell, CAS 9023415 View Materials , PBI _ OON 35235 View Materials ), 1♀. GALAPAGOS ISLANDS: Isla Isabela: Beagle Crater Camp ,

May 21, 1980, sifted from finch and mockingbird nests (W. Reeder, TMM 59884 View Materials , PBI _ OON 37513 View Materials ), 23, 2♀. Isla San Cristóbal: Cerro Pelado , Feb. 17, 1978, extracted from fronds of large bromeliads, elev. 440 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59898 View Materials , PBI _ OON 37514 View Materials ), 1♀. PERU: Piura: near Mallares, Río Chira , Dec. 31, 1941 (H. Exline, D. Frizzell, CAS 9023423 View Materials , PBI _ OON 36251 View Materials ), 13 , Jan. 4, 1942 (H. Exline, D. Frizzell, CAS 9023421 View Materials , PBI _ OON 35236 View Materials ), 33, 2♀; 12 mi N Máncora , Dec. 11, 1938 (H. Exline, D. Frizzell, CAS 9023422 View Materials , PBI _ OON 35238 View Materials ), 13; Negritos , May 23, 1941 (H. Exline, D. Frizzell, CAS 9023425 View Materials , PBI _ OON 36237 View Materials ), 1♀; Pariñas Valley , N Negritos , Sept. 24, 1938 (H. Exline, D. Frizzell, CAS 9023424 View Materials , PBI _ OON 35250 View Materials ), 13, 1♀. MADEIRA: Madeira: Cruz Museum, Funchal , Oct. 2, 1964 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1411 ), 1♀; Funchal , Apr. 16, 1973, grassy cliffs, elev. 10 m ( AMNH PBI _ OON 36438 View Materials ), 1♀. ST. HELENA: no specific locality , Oct. 2003 ( AMNH PBI _ OON 36434 View Materials ), 13, 1♀. HAWAII: Oahu: Honolulu , Oct. 1951, in flour in house (D. Hardy, AMNH PBI _ OON 1444 ), 2♀ .

DISTRIBUTION: Pantropical; in the New World, known from the southern United States and Bahama Islands south to the Galapagos Islands, Peru, and Argentina. The type specimens of this species were captured ‘‘in a house among loose papers’’ on the island of Madeira ( Blackwall, 1859: 266). The species is obviously synanthropic; although probably native only to the Old World, it can today be found throughout both the Old and New World tropics and subtropics (sometimes sympatrically with O. deserticola ).

SYNONYMY: No differences from O. concolor (or from each other) were noted in the original descriptions of Myrmecoscaphiella borgmeyeri , O. devia , or O. bandina , and none were detected during examination of their holotypes (figs. 103, 104). The types of O. guaraniana , originally deposited in the personal collection of Birabén, are apparently lost; although other types from that paper are now in the La Plata or Buenos Aires collections, these specimens are not among them (C. Grismado, personal commun.). Birabén’s illustration of the female genitalic region leaves no doubt that his specimens belonged to O. concolor .

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

MHNG

Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MACN

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia

TMM

Texas Memorial Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Opopaea

Loc

Opopaea concolor (Blackwall)

Platnick, Norman I. & Dupérré, Nadine 2009
2009
Loc

Opopaea atlantica:

Brignoli, P. M. 1983: 188
1983
Loc

Gamasomorpha atlantica

Saaristo, M. I. & Y. M. Marusik 2008: 20
Benoit, P. L. G. 1977: 35
1977
Loc

Opopaea bandina

Chickering, A. M. 1969: 147
1969
Loc

Opopaea guaraniana Birabén, 1954: 203

Biraben, M. 1954: 203
1954
Loc

Myrmecoscaphiella borgmeyeri Mello-Leitão, 1926: 2

Mello-Leitao, C. F. de 1926: 2
1926
Loc

Opopaea concolor: Kulczyński, 1899: 339

Saaristo, M. I. & Y. M. Marusik 2008: 20
Saaristo, M. I. 2007: 136
Saaristo, M. I. & A. van Harten 2006: 137
Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 333
Wunderlich, J. 1987: 63
Kulczynski, W. 1899: 339
1899
Loc

Oonops concolor

Blackwall, J. 1859: 265
1859