Opopaea deserticola Simon

Platnick, Norman I. & Dupérré, Nadine, 2009, The Goblin Spider Genera Opopaea and Epectris (Araneae, Oonopidae) in the New World, American Museum Novitates 3649, pp. 1-44 : 4-22

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/664.1

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/5B0FDF6B-B117-FFCB-FF20-71F3AD1D7DE0

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Opopaea deserticola Simon
status

 

Opopaea deserticola Simon

Figures 1–72 View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs View Figs

Opopaea deserticola Simon, 1891: 560 , pl. 42, fig. 5 (female syntype from St. Vincent, in BMNH, examined). – Dumitresco and Georgesco, 1983: 103, pl. 21, figs. 1–6. – Saaristo, 2001: 333, figs. 93A–98A, 99–101. – Baert et al., 2008: 56. – Saaristo and Marusik, 2008: 22, figs. 22– 29, 137–146, 178, 194, 200, 210, 219, 226.

Opopaea darlingtoni Bryant, 1940: 267 , figs. 5, 7 (male holotype from Maisí, Guantánamo, Cuba, in MCZ, examined). First synonymized by Dumitresco and Georgesco, 1983: 103.

Gamasomorpha floridana: Bryant, 1945a: 199 , figs. 1, 2 (male, misidentified).

Opopaea timida Chickering, 1951: 233 , figs. 20, 21 (male holotype believed to have been taken from a bat collected in the Chilibrillo Caves , Canal Zone, Panama, in MCZ, examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

Opopaea brasima Chickering, 1969: 148 , figs. 4–10 (male holotype from Kendall, Dade Co., Florida, in AMNH, examined). First synonymized by Dumitresco and Georgesco, 1983: 103.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can be distinguished from those of O. concolor by the ventrally more expanded palpal bulb (figs. 55–58, 61, 62, 64, 66), females by having the small, dark knob marking the origin of the receptaculum situated very close to the epigastric furrow (figs. 59, 60, 67, 68).

MALE (PBI_OON 1281). Total length 1.25, habitus as in figs. 1–3, 7, 8. CEPHALO- THORAX: Carapace: Pale orange, without any pattern, ovoid in dorsal view (fig. 11), pars cephalica slightly elevated in lateral view (fig. 12), anteriorly narrowed to 0.49 times its maximum width or less; posterolateral corners angular, posterolateral edge without pits (fig. 14), posterior margin not bulging below posterior rim (fig. 21); anterolateral corners without extension or projections; posterolateral surface without spikes; lateral margins straight, rebordered, without denticles; surface of elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth (fig. 19), sides striated (fig. 20); deep depressions absent, fovea absent, pars thoracica without radiating rows of pits; nonmarginal pars cephalica setae dark, needlelike, in Ushaped row; nonmarginal pars thoracica setae dark, needlelike; marginal setae light, needlelike; sides of pars cephalica with scattered pores set in slight depressions (fig. 36). Clypeus: Margin unmodified, curved downwards in front view, vertical in lateral view, low, ALE separated from edge of carapace by less than their radius, median projection absent; setae dark, needle-like. Chilum: Absent. Eyes: Six, well developed, ALE largest; ALE oval, PME squared, PLE oval; posterior eye row straight from above, procurved from front (fig. 13); ALE separated by less than their radius, ALE-PLE separated by less than ALE radius, PME touching throughout most of their length, PLE-PME separated by less than PME radius. Sternum: Longer than wide, pale orange, uniform, fused to carapace, median concavity absent; radial furrows present between coxae I–II, II–III, III–IV (fig. 25), wrinkled, radial furrow opposite coxae III absent; surface smooth, without pits, microsculpture only in furrows, sickle-shaped structures not touching, anterior margin unmodified, posterior margin not extending posteriorly of coxae IV; anterior corner unmodified, lateral margin with infracoxal grooves connecting anterior and posterior openings, distance between coxae II and III greater than distance between coxae I and II, or coxae III and IV, precoxal triangles absent, lateral margins unmodified, without posterior hump; setae sparse, dark, needlelike, densest laterally, originating from surface; hair tufts absent. Mouthparts: Chelicerae, endites, and labium pale orange. Chelicerae straight, anterior face unmodified; promargin without teeth, retromargin without teeth; fang toothlike projections absent, fang directed medially, shape normal, without prominent basal process, tip unmodified (fig. 26); setae dark, needlelike, evenly scattered; paturon inner margin with scattered setae, distal region unmodified, promargin unmodified, inner margin unmodified, laminate groove absent. Labium triangular, fused to sternum, with anterior margin indented at middle, same as sternum in sclerotization; six or more setae present on anterior margin, subdistally with unmodified setae. Endites distally not excavated, serrula present in single row, anteromedian tip with one strong, toothlike projection (figs. 27, 28), posteromedian part unmodified, same as sternum in sclerotization. ABDOMEN: Cylindrical, without long posterior extension, rounded posteriorly, interscutal membrane without rows of small sclerotized platelets; soft portions white, without color pattern. Book lung covers small, ovoid, without setae, anterolateral edge unmodified. Posterior spiracles connected by groove. Pedicel tube short, ribbed, with small, dorsolateral, triangular extensions (fig. 33), scutopedicel region with paired curved scutal ridges (fig. 29), scutum not extending far dorsal of pedicel, plumose hairs present dorsal and lateral of pedicel, matted setae on anterior ventral abdomen in pedicel area absent; cuticular outgrowths near pedicel absent. Dorsal scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, without color pattern, covering full length of abdomen, no soft tissue visible from above, not fused to epigastric scutum, middle surface punctate, sides punctate, anterior half without projecting denticles. Epigastric scutum surrounding pedicel, not protruding, small lateral sclerites absent. Postepigastric scutum strongly sclerotized, pale orange, long, semicircular, covering nearly full length of postepigastric area, fused to epigastric scutum, anterior margin unmodified, with short posteriorly directed lateral apodemes. Spinneret scutum present, incomplete ring. Supra-anal scutum absent. Dorsum setae light, needlelike. Epigastric area setae uniform, dark, needlelike. Postepigastric area setae dark, needlelike. Spinneret scutum with fringe of long setae. Interscutal membrane with setae. Dense patch of setae anterior to spinnerets absent. Colulus present. LEGS: Yellow, without color pattern. Femur IV not thickened, patella plus tibia I shorter than carapace, tibia I unmodified, tibia I Emerit’s glands absent, tibia IV specialized hairs on ventral apex absent, ventral scopula absent, metatarsi I and II meso-apical comb absent, metatarsi III and IV weak ventral scopula absent, tibiae and metatarsi with scattered pores set in small depressions without raised margins (fig. 39). Leg spines absent. Tarsal proclaws inner face striate, retroclaws inner face striate. Tarsi I, II superior claws with one tooth on lateral surface of proclaw, five teeth on median surface, one tooth on lateral surface of retroclaw, five teeth on median surface (fig. 41). Tarsi III, IV superior claws with one tooth on lateral surface of proclaw, four teeth on median surface, one tooth on lateral surface of retroclaw, four teeth on median surface (figs. 42–44). Trichobothria examined with SEM, tibia: each with three (fig. 37); metatarsus: each with one (fig. 40); base rounded, aperture internal texture gratelike, hood smooth (fig. 38). Tarsal organ apparently with 3–5 sensillae (fig. 51). GENITALIA: Epigastric region with sperm pore visible, small, oval, situated at level of anterior spiracles (fig. 30), rebordered (fig. 35). Epigastric furrow without V -shaped insertions, without setae. Palp normal size, not strongly sclerotized, right and left palps symmetrical. Cymbium pale orange, bulb pale orange, proximal segments pale orange, embolus light. Embolus prolateral excavation absent. Trochanter normal size, unmodified. Femur normal size, two or more times as long as trochanter, without posteriorly rounded lateral dilation, attaching to patella subbasally (figs. 55, 56, 61, 62). Patella longer than femur, much larger than femur, without prolateral row of ridges, setae unmodified. Tibial trichobothria examined using SEM, three (fig. 63). Tarsal organ with at least two sensillae (fig. 52). Cymbium narrow in dorsal view, completely fused with bulb, no seam visible, not extending beyond distal tip of bulb, plumose setae absent, without stout setae, without distal patch of setae. Bulb 1 to 1.5 times as long as cymbium,

slender, elongated, ventrally expanded (figs. 57, 58, 66), with dorsal fenestra (figs. 64, 65).

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1299). Total length 1.50, habitus as in figs. 4–6, 9, 10. As in male except as noted. CEPHALOTHORAX (figs. 15–18, 22–24): Endites anteromedian tip unmodified. Palp: claw absent; spines absent; tarsus unswollen (fig. 72), patella without prolateral row of ridges, tibia with two trichobothria (fig. 71), tarsal organ elongate (fig. 54). ABDOMEN (figs. 31, 32, 34): Dorsal scutum covering more than 3/4 of abdomen, more than 1/2 to most of abdomen width. Postepigastric scutum covering about 3/4 of postepigastric area, not fused to epigastric scutum. Anterior lateral spinnerets with large major ampullate gland spigot, posterior medians with two spigots, posterior laterals with three spigots (fig. 70). LEGS: Tarsi I, II superior claws median surfaces with 10–12 small, distal teeth, lateral surfaces with 5 large, basal teeth (figs. 45–48); tarsus III superior claws median surfaces with four small, distal teeth, lateral surfaces with five large, basal teeth; tarsus IV superior claws median surfaces with three small, distal teeth, lateral surfaces with five large, basal teeth (figs. 49, 50). Tarsal organ opening piriform (fig. 53). GENITALIA: Ventral view: epigastric region with sclerotization marking origin of receptaculum situated close to epigastric furrow (figs. 59, 67, 68). Dorsal view: receptaculum short, T-shaped, situated near epigastric furrow (figs. 60, 69).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: Florida: Alachua Co. : no specific locality, Jan. 23, 1937, in bathroom (H. Wallace, MCZ 71991 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26986 View Materials ), 13. Charlotte Co.: Punta Gorda, Jan. 1–16, 1946 (S. Rounds, AMNH PBI _ OON 1203 ), 1♀. Collier Co.: Marco Island , Jan. 1, 1930 (W. Barrows, AMNH PBI _ OON 1984 ), 13. Dade Co. : Deering Estate Park, SW 167th St. and SW 72nd Ave., S Miami, Nov. 15, 1985, hammock

30, 32. Epigastric area, ventral view.

forest litter (S. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1295 ), 20♀ , Nov. 15–23, 1985, hammock pitfall (S. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1284 ), 2♀ , Feb. 21– June 1, 1986, old hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1282 ), 13, June 1– Aug. 25, 1986, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1268 , 1285 ), 3♀ , Aug. 25, 1986, Berlese, forest litter (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1270 ), 1♀ , Dec. 9, 1986, forest litter (S. Peck, Klimaszewski, AMNH PBI _ OON 1293 ), 2♀ ; 2–5 mi S Florida City, Apr. 1, 1957 (R. Forster, W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI _ OON 1205 ), 1♀ ; Homestead , Mar. 13, 1968, avocado grove (A. Chickering, MCZ 71990 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26985 View Materials ), 1♀ , Mar. 21, 1968, avocado grove (A. Chickering, MCZ 72095 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26983 View Materials ), 13, 1♀ ; Kendall , Mar. 4, 1953 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 37497 View Materials ), 13 (holotype) ; Matheson Hammock Park, 9800 Old Cutler Road, S Miami, Nov. 14, 1985, hammock litter (S. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1298 ), 13♀ ; 7900 SW 176th St., S Miami, Feb. 21–June 1, 1986, Old Cutler Hammock, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1287 ), 13. Highlands Co.: Sebring , Lake Jackson, Feb. 20, 1982, uprooting dead bunch grass (G. Edwards, FSCA PBI _ OON 21186 View Materials ), 13, 5♀ . Indian River Co.: Vero Beach , July 10, 1990, on Avicennia germinans (K. Hibbard, K. Dady, FSCA PBI _ OON 21185 View Materials ), 13. Lee Co. : Fort Myers , 26 ° 38 9 N, 81 ° 50 9 W, Mar. 18, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1326 ), 13, 4♀ GoogleMaps ; Fort Myers Beach , 26 ° 26 9 N, 81 ° 56 9 W, Mar. 17, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1265 ), 63, 14♀ GoogleMaps . Monroe Co.: Big Pine Key , Watsons Hammock, Nov. 17, 1985 – Feb. 25, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1291 ), 1♀ , June 3–Aug. 27, 1986, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1277 ), 13 ; Big Torch Key , Feb. 25–June 5, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1259 ), 1♀ , June 5– Aug. 28, 1986, same (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1262 ), 13 ; Fleming Key , Mar. 30, 1980, Australian pine litter (G. Edwards, FSCA PBI _ OON 10494 View Materials ), 23, 1♀ ; Key Largo Key , 25 ° 10 9 N, 80 ° 20 9 W, Dec. 17, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1274 ), 2♀ GoogleMaps ; Key West , Dec. 29–31, 1950 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1201 , 1207 ), 2♀ ; Lignum Vitae Key , July 1981, malaise trap and trough (S. Peck, CNC PBI _ OON 10493 View Materials ), 23 ; 2 mi SE Marathon , 24 ° 37 9 N, 81 ° 06 9 W, Dec. 15, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1200 , 1209 , 1210 , 1281 , 1296 , 1299 ), 153, 24♀ GoogleMaps ; Pennekamp State Park , Key Largo, June 2–Aug. 26, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1272 ), 1♀ ; Stock Island , botanical garden, Nov. 19, 1985, hammock, leaf litter (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1261 ), 1♀ , Dec. 17, 1986, leaf litter (S. Peck, Klimaszewski, AMNH PBI _ OON 1294 ), 3♀ ; Sugarloaf Key , Aug. 29, 1986, hammock forest leaf litter Berlese (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1280 ), 13 ; Sugarloaf Key, Kitchings , Feb. 26–June 6, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1258 , 1288 ), 13, 1♀ ; Windley Key , Aug. 30, 1986, hammock forest, deep soil washing (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI _ OON 1328 ), 1♀ . Pinellas Co.: Dunedin, no date ( AMNH PBI _ OON 1084 ), 13, 1927 (W. Blatchley, MCZ 71992 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26984 View Materials ), 2♀ . Polk Co.: Haines City , Feb. 28, 1968 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66784 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26982 View Materials ), 13 ; Lake Alfred , June 17, 1968, pitfall under citrus (H. Greene, FSCA PBI _ OON 21181 View Materials ), 13. Suwannee Co.: McAlpin, Jan. 27, 1976, Dasylivion longitissimum (C. Webb, FSCA, PBI _ OON 21182 View Materials ), 13 . MEXICO: no specific locality (intercept- ed at New Orleans , Louisiana), Apr. 1, 1936 (K. Miller, USNM 2046648 View Materials , PBI _OON

27928), 1♀, Oct. 2, 1936 ( USNM 2046648 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27929 View Materials ) , 13, 1♀. Baja California Sur : 12 mi NE Cabo San Lucas, Feb. 7, 1966, palm oasis (V. Roth, AMNH PBI _ OON 1413 ) , 13; San José del Cabo , Mar. 4, 1945 (M. Correa, AMNH PBI _ OON 1396 ) , 1♀. Colima: Cuyutlán , Jan. 9, 1943 (F. Bonet, AMNH PBI _ OON 1404 ) , 1♀. Nayarit: San Blas , Aug. 10, 1960, grass near beach ( AMNH PBI _ OON 1392 ) , 13, 21 ° 32 9 N, 105 ° 18 9 W, May 14, 1963 (W. Gertsch, W. Ivie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1406 ) GoogleMaps , 33, 1♀. Quintana Roo: Cozumel , July 14, 1951 (L. Stannard, AMNH PBI _ OON 37531 View Materials ) , 23. Tamaulipas: Tampico (intercepted at Laredo , Texas ), Jan. 25, 1937 ( USNM 2046648 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27927 View Materials ) , 1♀. Veracruz: Rinconada , June 29, 1941 (H. Dybas, AMNH PBI _ OON 1410 ) , 1♀. Yucatán: Isla Cozumel , Jan. 23–27, 1984 (V., B. Roth, CAS 9023426 View Materials , PBI _ OON 3751 ) , 1♀, COSTA RICA: Puntarenas: Bahía Wafer, Isla del Coco , 5 ° 32 9 56 0 N, 87 ° 03 9 37 0 W, Mar. 31, 2002, elev. 4–10 m (T. Amarilla, INBIO 69554 , PBI _ OON 37512 View Materials ) GoogleMaps , 1♀. PANAMA: Canal Zone: Balboa , May 14, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72472 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28029 View Materials ) , 13, May 27, 1964, (A. Chickering, MCZ 72466 View Materials , 72474 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28027 View Materials , 28028 ) , 33, 19♀, May 28, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72454 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28030 View Materials ) , 13, 2♀, May 28– 29, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72461 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28025 View Materials ) , 153, 30; Barro Colorado Island , May 15, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68295 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26866 View Materials ) , 1♀; Chillibrillo Cave, Chilebre , 1936, from ‘‘bat #964, Dirias albiventer minor ’’ (L. Dunn, MCZ) , 13 (holotype); Corozal , May 25, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72381 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26673 View Materials ) , 13, May 25–26, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72471 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28022 View Materials ) , 43, 18♀; Experimental Gardens , July 9–10, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72455 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28034 View Materials ) , 1♀, July 11, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68227 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28021 View Materials ) , 2♀, July 13, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72473 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28026 View Materials ) , 1♀, July 14, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72564 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28033 View Materials ) , 1♀, Aug. 18, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72496 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28032 View Materials ) , 1♀; Gamboa , Jan. 7, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72558 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26868 View Materials ) , 1♀; Pedro Miguel , July 5, 1950 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72460 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28024 View Materials ) , 1♀, Mar. 7, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72463 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28023 View Materials ) , 1♀; Summit Gardens , May 12, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72560 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26867 View Materials ) , 13, May 12–13, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72456 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28031 View Materials , 43 , 5♀. Panama´: Playa Coronado , Aug. 8, 1983, litter (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI _ OON 36543 View Materials ) , 33, 1♀, same date, litter of dry slope with Acacia and palms (P. Lehtinen, MZUT PBI _ OON 15913 View Materials ) , 13. WEST INDIES: Bahama Islands: Nassau Golf Club , Mar. 10, 1967 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 97 ) , 1♀; Nicolls Town, Andros , Mar. 14, 1967 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 10501 View Materials ) , 1♀; North Bimini , Dec. 4, 1952 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1247 ) , 13, 1♀, Mar. 26–29, 1953 (A. Nadler, MCZ 72505 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26930 View Materials ) , 13; South Bimini , May 1951 (W. Gertsch, M. Cazier, AMNH PBI _ OON 1254 ) , 63, 9♀, June 1951 (M. Cazier, C., P. Vaurie, AMNH PBI _ OON 1246 , 1248 , 1251 , 1252 , 1255 ) , 83, 5♀, Dec. 12–18, 1952 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1250 ) , 2♀. Bermuda : no specific locality ( AMNH PBI _ OON 1238 ) , 1♀. GREATER ANTILLES: Cuba: Guantánamo: Maisí , July 15–16, 1936 (P. Darlington,

MCZ), 13 (holotype, missing both palpi but identifiable from Bryant’s palpal drawing). Hispaniola: Dominican Republic: Ciudad Trujillo , Mar. 3, 1955 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1379 ), 1♀. Haiti : Damiens , Portau-Prince , Nov. 9–10, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1239 , 1240 ), 3♀. Jamaica: Clarendon: Salt River , Nov. 24, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72373 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26719 View Materials ), 2♀. Kingston: Buccaneer Beach, Dec. 8, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72374 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26721 View Materials ), 33, 10♀; Gunboat Beach, Nov. 19, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72372 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26723 View Materials ), 23; Palisadoes, Nov. 1, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72375 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26724 View Materials ), 33, 8♀. St. Andrew : Claremont, June 20, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72371 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26706 View Materials ), 1♀; Fairway Ave., Nov. 8, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66794 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21232 View Materials ), 1♀, Nov. 18, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66793 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21284 View Materials ), 13, 5♀, Nov. 25, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68290 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21288 View Materials ), 13, 4♀; Ferry, 0.9 mi W Red Hills Road, Sept. 27, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 68293 View Materials , 72358 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21231 View Materials , 21236 ), 13, 3♀; Hermitage Road, Nov. 28, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72356 View Materials , PBI _ OON 37511 View Materials ), 1♀; Hope Gardens, Kingston, Mar. 14, 1955 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1244 ), 13, Oct. 3, 1957, near hotel (A. Chickering, MCZ 68291 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21238 View Materials ), 13, Nov. 27, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66795 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21287 View Materials ), 3♀, Dec. 1, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72347 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26672 View Materials ), 1♀, Dec. 6, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72350 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21234 View Materials ), 1♀, Dec. 19, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66792 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21235 View Materials ), 13; 14.5 mi E Kingston, Nov. 19, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72280 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21228 View Materials ), 33, 2♀; Liguanea, Oct. 19, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72357 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21282 View Materials ), 2♀, Dec. 21, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72352 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21283 View Materials ), 13; Mona, 1953, grass and bushes (G. Underwood, MCZ 72281 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26677 View Materials , 37528 ), 2♀, Oct. 7, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72351 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26681 View Materials ), 1♀; Mona Heights, Nov. 29, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72529 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26942 View Materials ), 1♀, Dec. 15, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72518 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28008 View Materials ), 1♀; Old Hope Road, Liguanea, Oct. 8, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72354 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21230 View Materials ), 23, 2♀; Richards Reservoir, Mona, Nov. 9, 1957 (A. Chickering,

63. Tibia, dorsal view. 64. Bulb, prolateral view. 65. Fenestra, prolateral view. 66. Bulb, retrolateral view.

MCZ 72355 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21281 View Materials ), 1♀, Nov. 19, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72353 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21233 View Materials ), 1♀, Dec. 18, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72349 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21285 View Materials ), 1♀; Washington Boulevard, Dec. 15, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72348 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21286 View Materials ), 1♀. St. Catherine: Guanaboa Vale, Nov. 28, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72366 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26720 View Materials ), 13, 1♀; 3 mi E May Pen, Nov. 22, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72359 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21227 View Materials ), 13, 1♀; Old Harbour, ‘‘ The Whim,’’ Oct. 9, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72367 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26718 View Materials ), 13, 6♀; 1 mi S Old Harbour, Dec. 7, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72361 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21229 View Materials ), 1♀; 2 mi W junction Red Hills Road and Spanish Town Road, Nov. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72365 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26708 View Materials ), 13, 6♀; School of Agriculture , Nov. 23, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72360 View Materials , 72634 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21226 View Materials , 26705 ), 93, 20♀; 1.5 mi SW Spanish Town , Oct. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72362 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21225 View Materials , 28178 ), 33, 4♀; 5.5 mi W Spanish Town , Dec. 7, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72368 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26714 View Materials ), 13; Spanish Town Road at Jamaica School of Agriculture , Oct. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72363 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21237 View Materials ), 13, 2♀. St. Thomas : 6 mi NE Bath, Dec. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72512 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26929 View Materials ), 1♀; 14 mi E Kingston, May 25, 1956, in debris in leaf axils of thatch palms (C. Hoff, MCZ 72369 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26713 View Materials ), 1♀; Morant Point, Mammal Bay , Oct. 14, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72370 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26712 View Materials ), 13, 2♀; Roselle Falls , Oct. 4, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72395 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26387 View Materials ), 43, 4♀, Oct. 29, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ PBI _ OON 1077 ), 2♀, Nov. 11, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72396 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26393 View Materials ), 1♀. Puerto Rico: Desecheo Island , Feb. 18–20, 1914 ( AMNH PBI _ OON 1229 ), 1♀; Laguna Cartigano, Valle de Lejas , Jan. 8, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72383 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26722 View Materials ), 2♀; La Parguera, Institute of Marine Biology , Jan. 22, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72382 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26716 View Materials ), 13, 2♀; Mayagüez, July 2, 1958 (M. Sanderson, AMNH PBI _ OON 1196 ), 13, Sept. 12, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 1383 ), 13, Jan. 13, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72384 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26709 View Materials ), 1♀; Mayagüez, University campus, Jan. 29, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72380 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26710 View Materials ), 1♀; 3 mi S Mayagüez on road to Hormigueros, Jan. 8, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72376 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26711 View Materials ), 2♀; 4.6 mi E Mayagüez on Rt. 106, Jan. 19, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72385 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26717 View Materials ), 23, 6♀; Nicacos Island , Apr. 3, 1964 (Heatwole, Torres, MCZ 72045 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26674 View Materials ), 13. LESSER ANTILLES: Virgin Islands: St. Croix : no specific locality, Mar. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72516 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28012 View Materials ), 13, 1♀, Sept. 2, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72445 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26391 View Materials ), 273, 30♀, Sept. 8, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72510 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28005 View Materials ), 13, Sept. 9, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72432 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26381 View Materials ), 253, 30♀; Frederiksted , Mar. 13, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72436 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21293 View Materials ), 1♀, Mar. 14, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72377 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26385 View Materials ), 13, 1♀, Mar. 15, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72429 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26376 View Materials ), 33, 4♀, Mar. 19, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72431 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27492 View Materials ), 2♀; 1 mi N Frederiksted, Mar. 16, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72389 View Materials , 72545 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26380 View Materials , 26949 ), 43, 10♀; 1 mi from Frederiksted on Mahogany Road , Mar. 23, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72387 View Materials , 72527 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21292 View Materials , 26941 ), 13, 5♀; 2 mi from Frederiksted on Mahogany Road , Mar. 21, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72433 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26390 View Materials ), 23, 1♀; King’s Hill, Mar. 17, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72390 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26386 View Materials ), 23, 1♀; vicinity of King’s Hill, Mar. 18, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72386 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26384 View Materials ), 43, 5♀, Mar. 20, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72439 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26392 View Materials ), 33, 3♀; Lavaetz Garden, 2 mi from Frederiksted , Mar. 24, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72388 View Materials , 72441 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21291 View Materials , 26388 ), 43, 16♀. St. John : no specific locality, July 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72397 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26389 View Materials ), 33, 16♀, July 24, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72550 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28001 View Materials ), 3♀; Annaberg Ruins, Mar. 5, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72411 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26379 View Materials ), 13, 3♀; Centerline Road, 4 mi from Cruz Bay , Mar. 4, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72409 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26382 View Materials ), 13; Coral Bay , Mar. 6, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72412 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26383 View Materials ), 13, 1♀; Cruz Bay , Feb. 25, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72393 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21290 View Materials ), 23, 1♀, Feb. 28, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72391 View Materials , 72515 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26377 View Materials , 28015 ), 23, 7♀, Feb. 29, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72392 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21294 View Materials ), 23, 4♀, Mar. 7, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72394 View Materials , PBI _ OON 21289 View Materials ), 33, 1♀. St. Thomas : no specific locality, Mar. 9, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72503 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28020 View Materials ), 13, 1♀, July 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72437 View Materials , 72444 View Materials , 72541 View Materials , PBI _ OON26945 View Materials , 27486 , 37498 ), 503, 51♀, July 15, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72513 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28009 View Materials ), 13, 1♀, July 17, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72547 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28018 View Materials ), 13, July 27, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72449 View Materials , 72525 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27500 View Materials , 28016 ), 303, 31♀, Aug. 25, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72448 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27485 View Materials ), 143, 27♀, Aug. 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72417 View Materials , 72425 View Materials , 72542 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26980 View Materials , 27495 , 28003 ), 503, 52♀, Aug. 10, 1967 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72549 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28019 View Materials ), 13, 1♀; Adams Guest House, Charlotte Amalie, Feb. 11, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72426 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27504 View Materials ), 63, 3♀; Charlotte Amalie, Feb. 9, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72442 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27501 View Materials ), 13, Feb. 9–10, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72434 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26981 View Materials ), 213, 15♀, Feb. 12, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72421 View Materials , 72543 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26943 View Materials , 27505 ), 43, 4♀, Feb. 13, 1964, debris, vacant lots (A. Chickering, MCZ 72423 View Materials , 72430 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27483 View Materials , 27496 , 37530 ), 323, 30♀, Feb. 14, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72443 View Materials , 72528 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26947 View Materials , 27497 ), 4♀, Feb. 14–15, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72422 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27484 View Materials ), 83, 10♀, Feb. 16, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72427 View Materials , 72440 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27493 View Materials , 27506 ), 73, 16♀, Feb. 19, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72530 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26948 View Materials ), 1♀, Feb. 19–23, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72420 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27502 View Materials ), 6♀, Feb. 23, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72438 View Materials , 72517 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26979 View Materials , 28014 ), 33, Feb. 24, 1964, open fields N of city (A. Chickering, MCZ 72419 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26978 View Materials ), 13; Charlotte Amalie, grounds of Bluebeards Castle, Feb. 17, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72424 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27503 View Materials ), 3♀, Feb. 18, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72428 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27488 View Materials ), 33, 1♀; Hassell’s Island , Feb. 20, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72477 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27499 View Materials ), 73, 11♀; Hassel’s Road, Feb. 20, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72519 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26944 View Materials ), 3♀; High School Grounds, Charlotte Amalie, Feb. 22, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72466 View Materials , 72537 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26946 View Materials , 27487 ), 43, 8♀, Mar. 10–11, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72435 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27494 View Materials , 37529 ), 93, 10♀; Rosendal, N side of mountains, Feb. 21, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72450 View Materials , PBI _ OON 27498 View Materials ), 13. Tortola: no specific locality, July 30–Aug. 5, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72379 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26707 View Materials ), 13. Virgin Gorda: no specific locality, Aug., 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72521 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28004 View Materials ), 2♀. LEEWARD ISLANDS: Antigua: no specific locality (Weber, MCZ 72524 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28006 View Materials ), 1♀, Aug. 17–27, 1967 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72526 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28013 View Materials ), 13. Nevis: no specific locality, Sept. 24–29, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72523 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28017 View Materials ), 73, 13♀. Saba: road to Bottom, Oct. 6, 1963, elev. 150 m ( MIUP, PBI _ OON 240 ), 13. St. Kitts: no specific locality, Sept. 14–29, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72509 View Materials , 72548 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28010 View Materials , 37518 ), 363, 59♀, Oct. 1–3, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72514 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28007 View Materials , 37532 ), 123, 34♀. WINDWARD ISLANDS: Barbados: no specific locality ( AMNH PBI _ OON 1235 ), 1♀. St. Vincent: no specific locality (H. Smith, BMNH), 1♀ (syntype), Oct. 15–24, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72532 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28002 View Materials ), 13, same dates (A. Chickering, MCZ 72533 View Materials , PBI _ OON 28011 View Materials ), 23. Trinidad: Curepe, Santa Margarita, Oct. 20, 1974, yellow pan trap (N. Beg, AMNH PBI _ OON 1225 ), 13; St. Augustine , University campus, Apr. 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 72378 View Materials , PBI _ OON 26715 View Materials ), 103, 13♀. COLOMBIA: no specific locality ( AMNH PBI _ OON 1217 ), 13, from orchids ( CAS PBI _ OON 2925 ), 1♀. Bolívar: Cartagena, Bocagrande, Dec. 22–23, 1964, dry leaf litter at beach (P., D. Craig, CAS 9023418–9023420 View Materials , PBI _ OON 35234 View Materials , 35248 , 35249 ), 73, 5♀. La Guajira: Riohacha, Feb. 28, 1974, elev. 0 m (J. Kochalka, AMNH PBI _ OON 37058 View Materials ), 13, 1♀. BRAZIL: Para´: 5 km E Belém, May 2, 1974 (R. Schuh, AMNH PBI _ OON 10514 View Materials ), 13; Goeldi Museu, Belém , Feb. 10, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 10524 View Materials ), 1♀. Rio de Janeiro : Botanical Gardens, Rio de Janeiro , Jan. 20, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI _ OON 10526 View Materials ), 1♀; Saula Teresa, Rio de Janeiro , June 26, 1946 (H. Sick, AMNH PBI 28177 View Materials ), 1♀. GALAPAGOS ISLANDS: Isla Floreana: South Pampa Grande , Feb. 22, 1977, sweeping in ground cover Lippia , elev. 270 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59893 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10525 View Materials ), 13; west trail, Feb. 15, 1977, from Acacia , elev. 80 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59904 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10531 View Materials ), 1♀, Feb. 16, 1977, sifting slightly damp litter under bower of Acacia and C lerodendrum, elev. 225 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59906 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10512 View Materials ), 2♀, same date, sifting Pisonia litter, elev. 110 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59902 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10504 View Materials ), 13, same date sweeping in Croton , elev. 225 m (W. Reeder, TMM 59905 View Materials , PBO _ OON 10508 View Materials ), 1♀. Isla Isabela: near Villamil , road to Highlands, Aug. 11, 1978, sweeping in Acacia , elev. 10–15 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57866 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10435 View Materials ), 1♀; 1 km E Villamil, near peninsula to Loberia, Jan. 31, 1978, sweeping in A vicennia canopy, elev. 5 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57863 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10495 View Materials ), 13; 5–6 km N Villamil on road to Santo Tomas, Jan. 12, 1977, in decaying cactus trunks on damp sand, elev. 40 m (W. Reeder, TMM PBI _ OON 10499 View Materials ), 33, 1♀; road from Villamil to Santo Tomas, Jan. 12, 1978, litter in lava crevice beneath Psidium , elev. 30 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57849 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10517 View Materials ), 13. Isla San Cristóbal: Espiñero, Feb. 12, 1975, litter from Opuntia megaspermum , flakes of trunk epider- mis, decayed pads, elev. 50 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57851 View Materials , PBI _ OON 1595 ), 13, 1♀. Isla Santa Cruz: trail to Bellavista, Oct. 7, 1975, sifting litter under Bursera , elev. 10–12 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57844 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10433 View Materials ), 1♀, Oct. 11, 1975, under rocks and dead Zanthoxylum limb, elev. 100 m (W. Reeder, TMM 57854 View Materials , PBI _ OON 10489 View Materials ), 1♀; Darwin Research Station , Academy Bay , Feb. 12, 1964 (D. Cavagnaro, R. Schuster, CAS 9023414 View Materials , PBI _ OON 35233 View Materials ), 1♀ .

DISTRIBUTION: Pantropical; in the New World, known from Baja California and Florida south to the Galapagos Islands and Brazil.

SYNONYMY: Chickering (1951) provided no characters to distinguish O. timida from O. deserticola , and there appears to be none.

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

MZUT

Museo e Instituto DI Zoologia Sistematica dell' UniversitaDI Torino

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

TMM

Texas Memorial Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Opopaea

Loc

Opopaea deserticola Simon

Platnick, Norman I. & Dupérré, Nadine 2009
2009
Loc

Opopaea brasima

Dumitresco, M. & M. Georgesco 1983: 103
Chickering, A. M. 1969: 148
1969
Loc

Opopaea timida

Chickering, A. M. 1951: 233
1951
Loc

Gamasomorpha floridana:

Bryant, E. B. 1945: 199
1945
Loc

Opopaea darlingtoni

Dumitresco, M. & M. Georgesco 1983: 103
Bryant, E. B. 1940: 267
1940
Loc

Opopaea deserticola

Baert, L. & J. - P. Maelfait & F. Hendrickx & K. Desender 2008: 56
Saaristo, M. I. & Y. M. Marusik 2008: 22
Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 333
Dumitresco, M. & M. Georgesco 1983: 103
Simon, E. 1891: 560
1891