Chiloconger Myers and Wade, 1941

David G. Smith & Emma S. Karmovskaya, 2003, A new genus and two new species of congrid eels (Teleostei: Anguilliformes: Congridae) from the Indo-West Pacific, with a redescription and osteology of Chiloconger dentatus., Zootaxa 343, pp. 1-19 : 2-3

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6273620

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7B370603-F5CD-4C1D-AB36-331D394C8473

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6273620

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/5F7C5AB0-F21D-139B-B324-39A9F21D8E50

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Chiloconger Myers and Wade, 1941
status

 

Chiloconger Myers and Wade, 1941   ZBK

Chiloconger Myers and Wade, 1941   ZBK : 65

Type species: Chiloconger labiatus Myers and Wade, 1941   ZBK : 66.

Diagnosis. Body moderately elongate, preanal length greater than 40% TL; tip of tail blunt and stiffened, caudal fin reduced; dorsal fin begins over posterior part of appressed pectoral fin; dorsal- and anal-fin rays unsegmented; upper end of gill opening opposite upper part of pectoral-fin base, not enclosing pectoral fin; snout short and blunt, eye large, its diameter slightly greater than snout length; well developed, broadly rounded and elevated flange on upper lip, covering a hollowed-out area; adnasal pore present in at least one species, second and fifth infraorbital pores present, but third and fourth absent; maxillary and mandibular teeth irregularly biserial or triserial, not forming a cutting edge; lateral ethmoid process present, supraoccipital present, posterior end of urohyal simple (not trifurcate).

Relationships. Smith (1989: 490) observed that the Bathymyrinae could be divided into two groups. One group contains the genera Ariosoma   ZBK , Bathymyrus   ZBK , and Parabathymyrus   ZBK and is characterized as follows: supraoccipital bone absent, urohyal trifurcate, adnasal pore absent, third and fourth infraorbital pores present, leptocephali with lateral pigment consisting of a series of short, oblique rows of tiny melanophores on myosepta. The other group contains Paraconger   ZBK and Chiloconger   ZBK and is characterized as follows: supraoccipital bone present, urohyal simple, adnasal pore usually present, third and fourth infraorbital pores absent, leptocephali with lateral pigment consisting of a single series of moderately large melanophores along midlateral line. At the time, Smith had no detailed information on Chiloconger   ZBK , but he assigned it to the Paraconger   ZBK group on the basis of retained larval pigmentation in a small specimen. Information presented here (see below) confirms Smith's conclusion; Chiloconger dentatus has a supraoccipital and a simple urohyal. In addition, Chiloconger philippinensis   ZBK , at least, has an adnasal pore, and both species lack the third and fourth infraorbital pores.

Key to species

1a. Predorsal length 20-26 % TL, preanal LL pores 19-27, vertebrae 118-122 ................. ............................................................................................ C. dentatus (eastern Pacific)

1b. Predorsal length 18-19 % TL, preanal LL pores 36-39, vertebrae 113-115 ................. .................................................................................. C. philippinensis   ZBK (western Pacific)