Brachynema germarii (Kolenati, 1846)

Ghahari, Hassan, Moulet, Pierre & Rider, David A., 2014, An annotated catalog of the Iranian Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pentatomomorpha), Zootaxa 3837 (1), pp. 1-95: 38-39

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3837.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:848FCF21-B70B-401F-ABC2-F9BE1F9DBFFC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/645987E6-AF04-FFFC-5ECA-FC0DDF843F41

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Brachynema germarii (Kolenati, 1846)
status

 

Brachynema germarii (Kolenati, 1846) 

Cimex virens Klug, 1845  [sign. d] (non Linnaeus, 1767); Rhaphigster germarii  Kolenati, 1846: 56; Pentatoma anabasis Becker, 1867: 110  ; Pentatoma tetrastigma Walker, 1867: 311  (non Herrich-Schaeffer, 1851); Rhaphigaster biplaga Walker, 1867: 373  ; Oncoma germari  var. flavomarginatus Jakovlev, 1871: 14  ; Oncoma germari  var. grisea Jakovlev, 1871: 32  ; Brachynema melanota Jakovlev, 1874: 240  ; Brachynema virens  var. alternatum Horváth, 1899: 444  .

Distribution in Iran. Alborz, Hormozgan, Markazi, Qazvin, Yazd ( Hoberlandt 1997), East Azarbaijan ( Modarres Awal 1997 a; Gharaat et al. 2009; Hassanzadeh et al. 2009 b; Havaskary et al. 2012), Fars ( Brown 1966 as B. virens  ; Hoberlandt 1997; Linnavuori 2012), Golestan ( Safavi 1959 as B. virens  ; Hoberlandt 1997; Heiss 2002; Linnavuori 2008), Guilan, Zanjan ( Linnavuori 2008), Isfahan ( Hoberlandt 1959 as B. virens  , 1997; Brown 1966 as B. virens  ), Kerman ( Seidenstücker 1958 as B. virens  ; Hoberlandt 1997; Modarres Awal 1997 b; Zeinoddini Memand et al. 2012, 2013), Khorasan ( Wagner 1968 as B. virens  ; Modarres Awal 1993, 1996a, 1997 b; Hoberlandt 1997; Linnavuori 2008; Mehneh et al. 2010; Nateq Golestan & Modarres Awal 2012), Mazandaran ( Seidenstücker 1957 as B. virens  ; Hoberlandt 1997), Qom ( Wagner 1961 as B. virens  ; Hoberlandt 1997), Semnan ( Hoberlandt 1997; Linnavuori 2008), Sistan & Baluchestan ( Hoberlandt 1955 as B. virens  var. alternatum  , 1997; Seidenstücker 1957 as B. virens  ; Kiritshenko 1966; Safavi 1959 as B. virens  var. alternatum  ; Wagner 1968 as B. virens  ; Modarres Awal 1997 b as B. virens  var. alternatum  ), Tehran ( Seidenstücker 1957 and Safavi 1959 as B. virens  ; Hoberlandt 1997; Modarres Awal 1997 b), West Azarbaijan (Linnavuori 2012), Southern Iran (no locality cited) ( Modarres Awal 1997 b), Iran (no locality cited) ( Hoberlandt 1961 and Miyamoto 1963 as B. virens  ; Rider 2006; Ribes & Pagola Carte 2013).

New data. Isfahan province: 30 km N Natanz, N 33 ° 48 ’51.1’’ – E 51 ° 40 ’53.7’’, 4001 ft asl, 7.v. 2013; Javinan, Qamsar to Ghohrood road, N 33 ° 41 ’ 41.7’’ – E 51 ° 26 ’ 45.9’’, 6943 ft asl, 9.v. 2013 J. Haxaire rec, P. Ducamps det et leg.

General distribution. Western Mediterranean Europe, North Africa (Canary Archipelago), Near East, Central Asia extending to Mongolia, China, Pakistan.

Host plants. On wild Poaceae  ( Modarres Awal 1996 a), wheat ( Modarres Awal 1996 a, 1997 b), bean caper, harmel, seidlitzia  , saltwort, sugar-beet ( Modarres Awal 1997 b), Ephedra major  ( Ephedraceae  ), Artemisia  sp. ( Asteraceae  ), Kochia  sp. ( Chenopodiaceae  ), barley ( Nateq Golestan & Modarres Awal 2012), Chenopodiaceae (Linnavuori 2012)  , in pistachio garden ( Modarres Awal 1997 b; Zeinoddini Memand et al. 2012); also on Pistachia vera  ( Anacardiaceae  ), Alhagi pseudalhagi  ( Fabaceae  ), Peganum harmala  , Zygophyllum fabago  (both Zygophyllaceae  ), Salsola kali  ( Salsolaceae  ), Artemisia annua  ( Asteraceae  ) ( Zeinoddini Memand et al. 2013); on Beta vulgaris  ( Amaranthaceae  ), Sueda vera  ( Chenopodiaceae  ) (Ribes & Pagola Carte 2013).

Comments. Brachynema germarii  is a vector of Nematospora coryli  to pistachio trees ( Safavi 1974). An unidentified species, Brachynema  sp. was recorded by Hashemi Rad et al. (2000, 2002) from Kerman as the pest of pistachio which we suspect to be B. germarii  .