Cryptops parisi parisi Brolemann, 1920

Lewis, John G. E., 2011, A review of the species in the genus Cryptops Leach, 1815 from the Old World related to Cryptops (Cryptops) hortensis (Donovan, 1810) (Chilopoda, Scolopendromorpha, International Journal of Myriapodology 4, pp. 11-50: 28

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/ijm.4.1116

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scientific name

Cryptops parisi parisi Brolemann, 1920
status

 

Cryptops parisi parisi Brolemann, 1920  Figs 78-85

Cryptops parisi  Brolemann, 1920 Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 48: 9, figs 1-5.

Cryptops parisi  var cristata Brolemann, 1925 Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 53: 194.

Cryptops parisi  : Brolemann, 1930 Faune de France, Chilopodes: 214, figs 351-363.

Cryptops parisi transsilvanius  Verhoeff, 1931 Zool Jb. (Syst.) 62: 274, 278 Table 3, fig. 14.

Cryptops parisi genuinus  var. rhenanus Verhoeff, 1931 Zool. Jb. (Syst.) 62: 274. Syn. n.

Cryptops parisi cottarellii  Matic, 1977 Fragm. Ent. 13: 5, figs 4, 5 A-E. Syn. n.

Description.

Length 15-25 mm. Without dark subcuticular pigment. Cephalic plate, with sutures extending only a short way back from the bases of the antennae and posterior sutures occupying the posterior third of the cephalic plate (absent in young animals) (Fig. 78). Labral sidepieces notched in most specimens (tridentate labrum) (Fig. 79), sometimes notched on one side only but not notched (unidentate) in some Iberian populations ( Lewis 2009). Clypeus with 8-15 prelabral setae. Anterior margin of forcipular coxosternite narrower than in Cryptops hortensis  more protuberant, usually with four stout marginal setae on each side (Fig. 80). Poison gland calyx elongated, tubular, reaching halfway down the forcipular trochanteroprefemur (Fig. 81). Coxopleural pore field of 50 or more small pores extending almost to posterior margin, generally with 8-20 setae in pore field (Fig. 82). Prefemur of ultimate leg without median ventral longitudinal groove. Generally with 6-12 tibial (Fig. 83) and 4-8 overlapping tarsal saw teeth (Fig. 84) often fused to form a ridge in large specimens ( Cryptops parisi  var. cristata Ribaut, 1925). Legs 1-20 with one short and one longer pretarsal accessory spur (Fig. 85).

Distribution.

Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy (excluding Sardinia and Sicily), Austria, former Czechoslovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, FYR Macedonia, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, mainland Greece (including Ionian Is.), N. Turkey, European Russia (Transcarpathia); synanthropic in UK and Ireland, introduced in Scandinavia and Canada (Newfoundland).

Remarks.

Brolemann (1920) described the coxopleural pore field as occupying only half the surface. Later ( Brolemann 1930) he described it as not reaching the posterior margin. Eason (1964) stated that it extends almost to the posterior margin and Koren (1986) that it extends over the entire ventrolateral surface, increasing in extent with size of the individual. Iorio and Geoffroy (2003) examined a large sample of the species and recorded variation in the number of saw teeth on the ultimate legs, the number of setae in the coxopleural pores fields and prelabial setae.