Lethrinidae

Fricke, Ronald, Allen, Gerald R., Andréfouët, Serge, Chen, Wei-Jen, Hamel, Mélanie A., Laboute, Pierre, Mana, Ralph, Hui, Tan He, 2014, Checklist of the marine and estuarine fishes of Madang District, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean, with 820 new records, Zootaxa 3832 (1), pp. 1-247: 93-94

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3832.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BAB612A4-03DB-4958-BEB1-92DE278FBB90

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6A5BAE7A-DA4B-FFD1-3AAA-FB9B9DD3FA38

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Lethrinidae
status

 

Lethrinidae 

Gymnocranius elongatus Senta, 1973  —Forktail large-eye bream

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1987 b: 313).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found on deeper, offshore soft bottoms, occasionally near coral reefs, 50– 100 m. Marine.

Lethrinus erythracanthus Valenciennes  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Yellowfin emperor STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed by G. R. Allen. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Caroline and Tuamotu islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Solitary, on soft bottoms of deep lagoons and seaward reef slopes, 15– 120 m. Marine.

Lethrinus erythropterus Valenciennes  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Longfin emperor STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens collected by W.-J. Chen on Madang Market. AMS, NTUM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 17090 -011; NTUM 10075; USNMAbout USNM 304292; WAMAbout WAM P. 29624 -099).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Caroline and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to Western Australia. Solitary or in small groups, in coastal coral reefs, lagoons or seaward reef slopes, 2– 25 m. Marine.

Lethrinus harak  (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) —Thumbprint emperor, blackspot emperor STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed underwater by P. Laboute on 4 Dec. 2012, and others collected by W.-J. Chen on Madang Market. NTUM material ( NTUM 10076, 10174, 10295).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea, East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Timor Sea (Western Australia), New South Wales ( Australia) and New Caledonia. Found on various soft substrates associated with coral reefs, 1– 20 m. Marine.

Lethrinus olivaceus Valenciennes  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Longface emperor

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed by G. R. Allen. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa east to Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Solitary or in groups, on sand or rubble bottoms adjacent to coral reefs and in lagoon habitats, 1– 185 m. Marine.

Lethrinus ornatus Valenciennes  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Ornate emperor STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens collected by W.-J. Chen on Madang Market. NTUM material ( NTUM 10109, 10176).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Sri Lanka east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland ( Australia). Solitary or in groups, in seagrass areas and on sand or rubble bottoms adjacent to coral reefs, 5– 30 m. Marine.

Monotaxis grandoculis  (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) —Bigeye emperor

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 9, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 20, CTR 32; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen on Madang Market. AMS, NTUM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 17088 -006, I. 17090 -039; NTUM 10107; USNMAbout USNM 392825; WAMAbout WAM P. 30342 -005).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea, East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian and Line islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia) and Queensland ( Australia), New Caledonia, Tonga, Austral and Gambier islands. Found on sand and rubble areas near coral and rocky reefs, 1– 60 m. Marine.

Monotaxis heterodon (Bleeker, 1854)  —Redfin emperor

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 23. NTUM material ( NTUM 10108, 10177).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Seychelles east to Marshall Islands and New Guinea, north to Malaysia, south to New Caledonia. Solitary or in small groups, in sheltered coral reefs, 1– 60 m. Marine.

Wattsia mossambica (Smith, 1957)  — Mozambique large-eye bream

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. NTUM material ( NTUM 10001).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Philippines, Wallis and Futuna and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in deep reefs at the outer edge of the continental shelf, 100– 200 m. Marine.

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

WAM

Western Australian Museum