Pomacentridae

Fricke, Ronald, Allen, Gerald R., Andréfouët, Serge, Chen, Wei-Jen, Hamel, Mélanie A., Laboute, Pierre, Mana, Ralph, Hui, Tan He, 2014, Checklist of the marine and estuarine fishes of Madang District, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean, with 820 new records, Zootaxa 3832 (1), pp. 1-247: 111-125

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3832.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BAB612A4-03DB-4958-BEB1-92DE278FBB90

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6A5BAE7A-DA79-FFF0-3AAA-F9D29EA0F99B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pomacentridae
status

 

Pomacentridae 

Abudefduf lorenzi Hensley & Allen, 1977  —Blacktail sergeant

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 0 6, CTR 17, CTR 25, CTR 26.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Palau and New Guinea, south to Solomon Islands. Found in aggregations in sheltered coastal reefs and lagoon habitats, 0– 6 m. Marine.

Abudefduf septemfasciatus  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Banded sergeant

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen & Erdmann (2012: 563). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2. LACMAbout LACM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line and Gambier islands, north to Izu Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales ( Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Found in shallow lagoon and seaward coral reefs exposed to mild or moderate surge; juveniles on the shore or in tidal pools, 0– 3 m. Marine.

Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801)  —Scissortail sergeant

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 24. AMS material ( AMS I. 16748 -005, I. 17085 -007).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marquesas and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales ( Australia), Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, Tonga and Rapa. Found on inshore and offshore coral reefs and reef flats, including lagoon habitats, 0– 15 m. Marine.

Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)  —Indo-Pacific sergeant

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 29, CTR 33; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, NTUM and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 1695 -001; NTUM 10016, 10153, 10277; WAMAbout WAM P. 30617 -008). DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales ( Australia), and northern New Zealand. Found on inshore rocky reefs and lagoons and outer reef slopes, 0– 15 m. Marine.

Acanthochromis polyacanthus (Bleeker, 1855)  —Spiny chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 165). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 30, CTR 32, CTR 33, CTR 35, CTR 36; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM, ROMAbout ROM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 16645 -004, I. 16671 - 0 53, I. 17080 -023, I. 17082 -007, I. 17088 -019, I. 17090 -027; NTUM 10097, 10154, 10161, 10223; ROMAbout ROM 59420View Materials; USNMAbout USNM 275347, 275355, 309507; WAMAbout WAM P. 30342 -001).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in inshore and seaward coral reefs, 1– 65 m. Marine.

Amblyglyphidodon aureus  ( Cuvier  [ex Kuhl & Hasselt] in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Golden damselfish ( Fig. 16View FIGURE 16)

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 20, CTR 22, CTR 24, CTR 25, CTR 30, CTR 31, CTR 33. AMS material ( AMS I. 16647 -003). DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found on steep slopes of seaward coral reefs, 3– 45 m. Marine.

Amblyglyphidodon curacao (Bloch, 1787)  —Staghorn damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 165); a specimen photographed by A. Berberian. AMS material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Found in lagoons, passes and slopes of seaward coral reefs, among branches of staghorn Acropora  corals, 1– 15 m. Marine.

Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847)  —Whitebelly damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 166). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 9, CTR 28, CTR 30; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, CASAbout CAS, KFRSAbout KFRS and NTUM material ( AMS I. 16647 -001, I. 17088 -014; CASAbout CAS 66122View Materials, 66123, 66124; NTUM 10227).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Cocos-Keeling Islands (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Marshall Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Found in lagoons, passes and slopes of seaward coral reefs, usually on dead gorgonian branches, 5– 45 m. Marine.

Amblyglyphidodon ternatensis (Bleeker, 1853)  — Ternate damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 125). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 13 B, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 17, CTR 19, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 30, CTR 32, CTR 33, CTR 34, CTR 35, CTR 36. AMS, CASAbout CAS and MNHNAbout MNHN material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Central Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia. Found in staghorn Acropora  thickets on sheltered inshore coral reefs and seaward reefs, 1– 30 m. Marine.

Amphiprion chrysopterus Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Orangefin anemonefish STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 a: 334); specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 30, CTR 31. AMS material. A hybrid between A. chrysopterus  and A. sandaracinos  was described as Amphiprion leucokranos  from Madang by Allen (1973 a: 319, figs. 1, 2 a, 3); it was observed at St. CTR 0 1, and photographed by P. Laboute [ CASAbout CAS and USNMAbout USNM material].

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia east to Caroline and Tuamotu islands, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia. Found in lagoons and on seaward reef slopes, commensal with sea anemones, 1– 30 m. Marine.

Amphiprion clarkii (Bennett, 1830)  —Clark's anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 48); specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 19, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 24, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 30, CTR 31, CTR 32, CTR 33, CTR 35, CTR 36. CASAbout CAS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Persian Gulf, Maldives and India east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal reefs, lagoons and seaward coral reefs, commensal with sea anemones, 1– 60 m. Marine.

Amphiprion melanopus Bleeker, 1852  —Red and black anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 53); specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 7, CTR 10, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 20, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 31, CTR 33, CTR 34, CTR 35, and by Tan H. H. at St. PR 12 (9 Nov. 2012), PR 35 (15 Nov. 2012). AMS, CASAbout CAS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia. Found in lagoons and on seaward reef slopes, commensal with sea anemones, 1– 18 m. Marine.

Amphiprion percula (Lacepède, 1802)  —Clown anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 a: 306). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 10, CTR 15, CTR 20, CTR 23, CTR 33, CTR 36, and photographed by Tan H. H. at St. PR 15 on 10 Nov. 2012. AMS, CASAbout CAS, MNHNAbout MNHN and USNMAbout USNM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. New Guinea east to Solomon Islsnds and Vanuatu, south to Queensland ( Australia) and New Caledonia. Found in coastal reefs, lagoons and seaward coral reefs, commensal with sea anemones, 1– 15 m. Marine.

Amphiprion perideraion Bleeker, 1855  —Pink anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 a: 288). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 13, CTR 31. AMS material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Cocos-Keeling Islands (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Caroline and Tuamotu islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in lagoons and on seaward reef slopes, commensal with sea anemones, 1– 38 m. Transitional water and marine.

Amphiprion polymnus (Linnaeus, 1758)  —Saddleback anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 167); record confirmed by Allen (2001: 3351); specimens photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 16; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen. KFRSAbout KFRS and NTUM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. South China Sea to New Guinea, east to Solomon Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found on sand bottoms adjacent to coral reefs, commensal with sea anemones, 2– 20 m. Marine.

Amphiprion sandaracinos Allen, 1972  —Orange anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 a: 293). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 6, CTR 0 8, CTR 19, CTR 27, CTR 28, and by Tan H. H. at St. PR 0 1 (5 Nov. 2012), PR 20 (12 Nov. 2012). AMS material. Hybridises with Amphiprion chrysopterus  (see above).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas Island and northwestern Australia (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Found in lagoons and on seaward reef slopes, commensal with sea anemones, 3– 20 m. Marine.

Cheiloprion labiatus (Day, 1877)  —Biglip damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 129). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 23, CTR 25.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in sheltered coastal and lagoon reefs among branching Acropora  corals, 0– 3 m. Marine.

Chromis alpha Randall, 1988  —Yellow-speckled chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 2, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 13, and by P. Laboute (St. PR 140); a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen. NTUM and WAMAbout WAM material ( NTUM 10231; WAMAbout WAM P. 30362 -001).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Caroline and Tuamotu islands, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in loose aggregations on steep seaward reef slopes, 12– 95 m. Marine.

Chromis amboinensis (Bleeker, 1871)  — Ambon chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 8, CTR 13, CTR 13 B, CTR 16, CTR 19, CTR 22, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 32, CTR 33; specimens collected at St. PB 0 2, and by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material ( AMS I. 16645 -006, I. 17088 -021, I. 17090 -028; NTUM 10192, 10197, 10226, 10228; USNMAbout USNM 279133, 314139).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Samoa, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in lagoons and on seaward reef slopes, 5– 70 m. Marine.

Chromis analis  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Yellow chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 13, CTR 16, CTR 20, CTR 31, CTR 32. USNMAbout USNM material ( USNMAbout USNM 275548).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland ( Australia) and New Caledonia. Found on steep seaward reef slopes, 10– 144 m. Marine.

Chromis atripes Fowler & Bean, 1928  —Darkfin chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 168). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 23, CTR 27, CTR 32; also hotographed by A. Berberian; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, NTUM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found on deep patch reefs and seaward reef slopes, 2– 40 m. Marine.

Chromis caerulea  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Green chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 168). CASAbout CAS and KFRSAbout KFRS material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Line and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Found in coral-rich areas of lagoons and on seaward reef slopes, 15– 55 m. Marine.

Chromis delta Randall, 1988  —Deep-reef chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, PR 96. WAMAbout WAM material ( WAMAbout WAM P. 30623 -015).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea, Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Palau and Fiji, north to Yeayama Islands, south to Queensland ( Australia). Found on steep seaward reef slopes, 10– 80 m. Marine.

Chromis elerae Fowler & Bean, 1928  —Twinspot chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 20, and by P. Laboute.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Maldives and Cocos-Keeling Islands (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Taiwan, south to Queensland ( Australia). Found on steep seaward reef slopes, in caves, crevices and thickets of black coral, 12– 70 m. Marine.

Chromis lepidolepis Bleeker, 1877  —Scaly chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 168). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 7, CTR 13, CTR 24. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa east to Caroline and Line islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal, lagoon and seaward reefs, 2– 43 m. Marine.

Chromis lineata Fowler & Bean, 1928  —Lined chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 168). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 12. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to Queensland ( Australia). Found on the upper edge of seaward reef slopes, 2– 10 m. Marine.

Chromis margaritifer Fowler, 1946  —Bicolour chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 168). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 22, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 30, CTR 31, CTR 32, PR 113. KFRSAbout KFRS and SMFAbout SMF material ( SMFAbout SMF 34875View Materials, 34882).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas and Cocos-Keeling islands (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Line and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Found on coastal and seaward coral reefs, 2– 20 m. Marine.

Chromis retrofasciata Weber, 1913  —Blackbar chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 168). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 4, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 18, CTR 25, CTR 33; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, CASAbout CAS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Sabah ( Malaysia), Philippines and New Guinea east to Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland ( Australia) and New Caledonia. Found in coastal reefs, in lagoons, and on seaward reef slopes, 12– 120 m. Marine.

Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker, 1856)  — Ternate chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 169). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 7, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 26; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, CASAbout CAS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland ( Australia) and Lord Howe Island. Found around branching corals in clear lagoon reefs and seaward reef slopes, 1– 36 m. Marine.

Chromis viridis  ( Cuvier  [ex Ehrenberg] in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Blue-green chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 19, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 34. USNMAbout USNM material ( USNMAbout USNM 275540, 275541).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Marquesas and Tuamotu islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island and Tonga. Found in large aggregations above thickets of branching Acropora  corals in sheltered areas of subtidal reef flats and lagoons, 1– 20 m. Marine.

Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean, 1928  —Weber's chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 7, CTR 20, CTR 27, CTR 28; another collected by W.-J. Chen. AMS and USNMAbout USNM material ( AMS I. 16646 -001, I. 17088 -028; USNMAbout USNM 275685).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and Réunion to the Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Found on seaward reef slopes, 3– 40 m. Marine.

Chromis xanthochira (Bleeker, 1851)  —Yellow-axil chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 20, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 30. USNMAbout USNM material ( USNMAbout USNM 273572).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Pohnpei ( Caroline Islands) and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to Queensland ( Australia) and New Caledonia. Found on seaward reef slopes, 10– 48 m. Marine.

Chromis xanthura (Bleeker, 1854)  —Paletail chromis

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 31. AMS and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 16645 -007; WAMAbout WAM P. 30356 - 012).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Réunion; Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland ( Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga. Found above steep outer coral or rocky reef slopes and shallow coastal reef flats, sometimes forming large aggregations feeding on zooplankton several metres above the bottom, 3– 40 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera arnazae Allen, Erdmann & Barber, 2010  —Arnaz's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen & Erdmann (2012: 588); previously recorded from Madang as Glyphidodontops hemicyaneus  (non Weber, 1913) by Allen (1975 b: 157). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 6, CTR 17, CTR 21, CTR 28, CTR 32, CTR 34, CTR 35; also photographed by A. Berberian. AMS, ROMAbout ROM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia and northeastern Papua  New Guinea. Found in coral reefs, 3– 20 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)  —Twospot damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 28.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Caroline Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found on coral rubble, or on outcrops of coastal and lagoon reefs, 0– 5 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera brownriggii (Bennett, 1828)  —Surge damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 28.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales ( Australia), New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Found on rubble-strewn surge channels, the outermost reaches of exposed reef flats, and the upper submarine terrace, 0– 12 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera caeruleolineata (Allen, 1973)  —Blueline damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang as Abudefduf caeruleolineatus  by Allen (1973 b: 35, fig. 2). BMNH, BPBMAbout BPBM, MNHNAbout MNHN and USNMAbout USNM material. Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 6, CTR 11, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 23, CTR 26.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia and Philippines, east to Caroline Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia, 10– 65 m. Coralline rock and rocky reefs. Marine.

Chrysiptera cyanea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)  —Blue devil

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 23, CTR 26, CTR 31, CTR 32, CTR 36. AMS material ( AMS I. 16689 -001).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Caroline and Solomon islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in sheltered coastal and lagoon reefs, 0– 10 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera glauca  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Grey damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 18, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 22, CTR 25.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. South and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake, Line and Gambier islands, north to Izu Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, and Tonga. Found among rubble or consolidated reef rock of exposed intertidal reef flats and sandy beaches, subject to mild surge; also near freshwater run-offs, 0– 3 m. Transitional water and marine.

Chrysiptera oxycephala (Bleeker, 1877)  —Bluespot damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang as Glyphidodontops azurepunctatus  by Allen (1975 b: 145). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 14, CTR 23, CTR 26, CTR 31. AMS, ROMAbout ROM and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia east to Philippines and New Guinea, south to Solomon Islands. Found in sheltered coastal and lagoon reefs, 1– 28 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera rex (Snyder, 1909)  —Yellowback damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 12. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Vietnam and Philippines to eastern Indonesia, north to Ryukyu Islands. Found on inshore rocky substrates, 3– 6 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera rollandi (Whitley, 1961)  —Rolland's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on AMS and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 16689 -002; WAMAbout WAM P. 31213 -021).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, south to New Caledonia. Found in coastal reefs, lagoons and seaward reefs, 2– 35 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera talboti (Allen, 1975)  —Talbot's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1987 b: 350); specimens observed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 11, CTR 13, CTR 13 B, CTR 19, CTR 23, CTR 26; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen at Madang Resort, another photographed by A. Berberian. NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Palau and Tonga, north to Philippines, south to Queensland ( Australia) and Loyalty Islands ( New Caledonia). Found in coastal, lagoon and seaward coral reefs, 2– 35 m. Marine.

Chrysiptera unimaculata  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Onespot damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 23. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa east to Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Found solitarily or in small groups among coastal algal reefs, rubble or over open beach-rock of reef flats exposed to moderate surge, 0– 3 m. Marine.

Dascyllus aruanus (Linnaeus, 1758)  —Humbug dascyllus 

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 169). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 6, CTR 17, CTR 35; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS, MNHNAbout MNHN, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake, Marquesas and Gambier islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Found in shallow lagoon and subtidal reef flats, forming large aggregations above staghorn Acropora  thickets or smaller groups above isolated coral heads, 0– 20 m. Marine.

Dascyllus melanurus Bleeker, 1854  —Blacktail dascyllus 

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 169). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 11, CTR 17, CTR 23, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 35, CTR 36; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. CASAbout CAS, MNHNAbout MNHN, NTUM, ROMAbout ROM and USNMAbout USNM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Central Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found among branching corals in sheltered inshore coral reefs and lagoons, 1– 68 m. Marine.

Dascyllus reticulatus (Richardson, 1846)  —Reticulated dascyllus 

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 170). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 19, CTR 22, CTR 24, CTR 25, CTR 28, CTR 30, CTR 32, CTR 33, CTR 34; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, CASAbout CAS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Cocos-Keeling Islands (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found among branching coral, in coastal, lagoon and seaward reefs, 1– 50 m. Marine.

Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1829)  —Threespot dascyllus 

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 170). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 23, CTR 24, CTR 25, CTR 28, CTR 30, CTR 31, CTR 33, CTR 34, CTR 36, and photographed by Tan H. H. at St. PR 0 1 on 5 Nov. 2012; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM, SMFAbout SMF and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Lord Howe and Austral islands. Found in coral and rocky reefs, juveniles often commensal with large sea anemones, sea urchins, or small coral heads, 0– 55 m. Marine.

Dischistodus melanotus (Bleeker, 1857)  —Black-vent damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 11, CTR 17, CTR 26, CTR 27, CTR 34. AMS material ( AMS I. 16648 -008). DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Central Indonesia east to Yap ( Caroline Islands) and Solomon Islands, north to Sabah ( Malaysia) and Philippines, south to Queensland ( Australia) and New Caledonia. Found in sheltered coastal reefs and lagoons, 1– 10 m. Marine.

Dischistodus perspicillatus  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —White damselfish STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 14. ROMAbout ROM material ( ROMAbout ROM 44001View Materials).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Yap ( Caroline Islands) and Solomon Islands, north to Vietnam and Philippines, south to northern Australia. Found in coastal reefs or lagoons with sand or silt bottom, often in seagrass beds, 1– 10 m. Marine.

Dischistodus prosopotaenia (Bleeker, 1852)  —Honey-head damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 11, CTR 17, CTR 23, CTR 26. AMS material ( AMS I. 16649 -005, I. 17088 -037).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal reefs or lagoons with sand and silt bottom, 1– 12 m. Transitional water and marine.

Hemiglyphidodon plagiometopon (Bleeker, 1852)  —Lagoon damselfish STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 169). AMS, CASAbout CAS, KFRSAbout KFRS, ROMAbout ROM and USNMAbout USNM material.

Neoglyphidodon melas  ( Cuvier  [ex Kuhl & Hasselt] in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Black damselfish STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 0 5, and by P. Laboute on 8 Dec 2012.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coralrich areas of lagoon and seaward reefs and usually associated with soft corals on which it feeds, 1– 12 m. Marine.

Neoglyphidodon mitratus Allen & Erdmann, 2012  —Eastern barhead damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang. Specimens photographed at St. CTR 18, previously reported as Neoglyphidodon thoracotaeniatus  (non Fowler & Bean, 1928) by Kailola (1987 b: 352). DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Palau; Papua  New Guinea; Solomon Islands. Found on sheltered reef slopes, 10– 45 m. Marine.

Neoglyphidodon nigroris  ( Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830) —Behn's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 17, CTR 19, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 31, CTR 32, CTR 34, CTR 35; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material ( AMS I. 17088 -011, I. 17090 -025, I. 17715 -002; NTUM 10225; USNMAbout USNM 363828).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal, lagoon and seaward reefs, 2– 23 m. Marine.

Neopomacentrus azysron (Bleeker, 1877)  —Yellowtail demoiselle

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 173). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 26, CTR 28, CTR 29, CTR 31, CTR 36. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS and MNHNAbout MNHN material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in semi-exposed seaward reef areas and surge channels, 1– 12 m. Marine.

Neopomacentrus filamentosus (Macleay, 1882)  —Brown demoiselle

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on WAMAbout WAM material ( WAMAbout WAM P. 30372 -003). DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, south to northwestern Australia. On silty bottoms of lagoons and inshore reefs, 5– 12 m. Marine.

Neopomacentrus nemurus (Bleeker, 1857)  —Coral demoiselle

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 07; another photographed by A. Berberian.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia and New Guinea east to Palau and Solomon Islands, south to New Caledonia. Found near coastal reefs and in sheltered, silty lagoon habitats, 1– 10 m. Marine.

Neopomacentrus taeniurus (Bleeker, 1856)  —Freshwater demoiselle

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on BPBMAbout BPBM and WAMAbout WAM material ( BPBMAbout BPBM 14694; WAMAbout WAM P. 24928 -001).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Mangrove habitats, lower reaches of freshwater streams and coastal bays with freshwater runoff, 1– 3 m. Freshwater, transitional water and marine.

Neopomacentrus violascens (Bleeker, 1848)  —Violet demoiselle

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 23, CTR 26. AMS and WAMAbout WAM material ( AMS I. 16672 -001; WAMAbout WAM P. 24926 -001).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, south to New Caledonia. Found above soft silt bottom near coastal reefs, 1– 30 m. Marine.

Plectroglyphidodon dickii (Liénard, 1839)  —Dick's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 173); specimens observed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 22, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 28. AMS, CASAbout CAS and KFRSAbout KFRS material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. South and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake, Marquesas and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, and Tonga. Found in coral-rich and surge areas of clear lagoon and seaward reefs, commonly associated with Pocillopora  or Acropora  corals, 0– 15 m. Marine.

Plectroglyphidodon johnstonianus Fowler & Ball, 1924  —Johnston damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 0 3. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa, Aldabra and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe and Norfolk islands, and Rapa. Found in inner to outer reef crests in coral-rich habitat, frequently associated with Acropora  , Stylophora  , or Pocillopora  coral heads, 0– 18 m. Marine.

Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)  —Jewel damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 173). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 8, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 23. AMS; KFRSAbout KFRS and WAMAbout WAM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes to Marshall and Marquesas islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe and Rapa islands. Found in coral reefs, in areas with mixed coral and rubble or dead coral rocks, 1– 40 m. Marine.

Plectroglyphidodon leucozonus (Bleeker, 1859)  —Whiteband damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 22, CTR 25. AMS material ( AMS I. 17082 -013, I. 19691 -015).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa east to Line and Marquesas islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Found on exposed rocky shores and reef flats, 0– 6 m. Marine.

Plectroglyphidodon phoenixensis (Schultz, 1943)  —Phoenix damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 15. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian and Line islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands. Found in the surge zone of coral reefs, in or near Acropora  or Pocillopora  coral patches, 0– 8 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus adelus Allen, 1975  —Obscure damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed by A. Berberian. WAMAbout WAM material ( WAMAbout WAM P. 29624 -003).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea east to Palau and Vanuatu, south to New Caledonia. Sheltered coastal reefs, lagoon and seaward reefs, 0– 8 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus albimaculus Allen, 1975  —Whitespot damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. Originally described from Madang by Allen (1975 c: 94, pl. 4 A–B). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 28; a specimen photographed by P. Laboute in Riwo waters, on 27 Nov. 2012, another by A. Berberian; also collected by W.-J. Chen. AMS, BPBMAbout BPBM, NTUM and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Endemic to New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Rocky reef and gravel habitats near sand bottom, 10– 20 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus amboinensis Bleeker, 1868  — Ambon damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 174). Specimens observed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, PR 160; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and New Guinea, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Coral reefs, 1– 40 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus aurifrons Allen, 2004  —Yellowhead damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang; previously reported as Pomacentrus smithi  (non Fowler & Bean, 1928) by Kailola (1987 b: 354). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 6, CTR 17. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Papua  New Guinea east to Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, south to New Caledonia. Found in aggregations above branching corals, in fringing reefs and lagoon patch reefs, 2– 14 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus bankanensis Bleeker, 1853  —Speckled damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 2, CTR 0 4, CTR 10, CTR 11, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 17, CTR 22, CTR 24, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 28; specimens collected by W.-J. Chen. CASAbout CAS, NTUM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material ( CASAbout CAS 65517View Materials, 65518, 65519, 65520, 65521, 65522, 65523, 65524; NTUM 10284; USNMAbout USNM 275984; WAMAbout WAM P. 30370 -004) DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) east to Yap ( Caroline Islands) and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal, lagoon and seaward reefs, 0– 32 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus brachialis Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Charcoal damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 19, CTR 35. AMS and USNMAbout USNM material ( AMS I. 16694 -005, I. 17085 -018; USNMAbout USNM 281058, 281063, 300688). DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Central Indonesia east to Palau and Fiji, north to Sabah ( Malaysia) and Philippines, south to New Caledonia and Loyalty islands. Found on seaward reef slopes and in passes, 3– 40 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus burroughi Fowler, 1918  —Burrough's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 208). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 26. AMS, CASAbout CAS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Central Indonesia east to Palau and Solomon Islands, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia. Found on silty inshore reefs, 1– 16 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus chrysurus Cuvier  [ex Broussonet] in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Whitetail damselfish STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 17, CTR 22, CTR 25, CTR 27, CTR 28, CTR 30. WAMAbout WAM material ( WAMAbout WAM P. 29624 -031)

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Maldives and Sri Lanka east to Palau and New Guinea, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in shallow lagoons and shoreline reefs, 0– 5 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus coelestis  Jordan & Starks, 1901 —Neon damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 175); specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 16, CTR 17, CTR 20, CTR 22, CTR 23, CTR 24, CTR 25, CTR 26. AMS, CASAbout CAS, KFRSAbout KFRS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Christmas Island (eastern Indian Ocean) and Indonesia east to Line and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in exposed fringing reefs, lagoon and seaward reefs, 1– 20 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus grammorhynchus Fowler, 1918  —Azurespot damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 14, CTR 15. AMS material ( AMS I. 16690 -002).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Pohnpei ( Caroline Islands) and New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found among branching corals, in coastal and lagoon reefs, 1– 12 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus lepidogenys Fowler & Bean, 1928  —Scaly damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1987 b: 353). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 7, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 28, CTR 32. USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal, lagoon and seaward coral reefs, 1– 12 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus moluccensis Bleeker, 1853  —Lemon damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 175). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 10, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 13, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 17, CTR 19, CTR 20, CTR 21, CTR 23, CTR 24, CTR 26, CTR 28, CTR 32, CTR 33, CTR 34, CTR 35, CTR 36. KFRSAbout KFRS, MNHNAbout MNHN and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Yap ( Caroline Islands) and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and Lord Howe Island. Found in coastal, lagoon and seaward coral reefs, 1– 14 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus nagasakiensis Tanaka, 1917  —Nagasaki damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens photographed at St. CTR 05; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen. NTUM material ( NTUM 10284, 10285).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Maldives and Sri Lanka east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found on sandy areas near rocky outcrops, 3– 35 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus nigromanus Weber, 1913  —Goldback damselfish ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17)

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 8, CTR 17, CTR 18, CTR 19, CTR 27; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. MNHNAbout MNHN, NTUM and WAMAbout WAM material ( MNHNAbout MNHN uncat.; NTUM 10193; WAMAbout WAM P. 29624 -096)

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia east to Palau and Solomon Islands, south to northwestern Australia, New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands. Found in fringing, lagoon and seaward coral reefs, 6– 60 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus nigromarginatus Allen, 1973  —Black-margined damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. Originally described from Madang by Allen (1973 b: 38, fig. 3); photographed by A. Berberian. USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. South China Sea north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Among corals or rocks at outer reef slopes, 20– 50 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus pavo (Bloch, 1787)  —Blue damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 176). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 26; a specimen collected by W.-J. Chen in Madang Bay. AMS, KFRSAbout KFRS, NTUM and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Line, Society and Tuamotu islands, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia, Lord Howe and Norfolk islands. Found in sheltered coastal and lagoon reefs, 1– 16 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus philippinus Evermann & Seale, 1907  — Philippines damselfish STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 3, CTR 16, CTR 16 B, CTR 22.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Maldives and Andaman Sea east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in coastal and seaward reefs, 1– 12 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus reidi Fowler & Bean, 1928  —Reid's damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 b: 225). Specimens observed, photographed and collected at St. CTR 19, CTR 28. LACMAbout LACM, USNMAbout USNM and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Eastern Indonesia east to Palau and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in deep lagoon reefs and on seaward reef slopes, 3– 70 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus simsiang Bleeker, 1856  —Moluccan damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Parenti & Allen (1991: 319). Specimens photographed at St. CTR 11, CTR 17. AMS, CASAbout CAS and USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to New Caledonia. Found on silty shorelines and in lagoon reefs, 0– 10 m. Marine.

Pomacentrus tripunctatus Cuvier  in Cuvier  & Valenciennes, 1830 —Threespot damselfish STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1975: 176). AMS, CASAbout CAS and KFRSAbout KFRS material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. India and Sri Lanka east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Yaeyama Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Found in groups, in rocky reefs near the shore, 0– 3 m. Transitional water and marine.

Pomacentrus vaiuli  Jordan & Seale, 1906 —Princess damselfish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Kailola (1987 b: 355); specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 4, CTR 0 5, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 0 9, CTR 11, CTR 12, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 22, CTR 25. USNMAbout USNM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Solitary or in groups, in lagoon reefs or slopes of seaward reefs, 1– 45 m. Marine.

Premnas biaculeatus (Bloch, 1790)  —Spinecheek anemonefish

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen (1975 a: 300); specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 11, CTR 17, CTR 23, CTR 26, CTR 36. AMS, CASAbout CAS and USNMAbout USNM material. DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Andaman Sea and Indonesia east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Sabah ( Malaysia), south to Queensland ( Australia). Commensal with sea anemones ( Entacmaea quadricolor  ), 1– 18 m. Marine.

Stegastes albifasciatus (Schlegel & Müller, 1839)  —Whitebar gregory

STATUS AT MADANG. First record from Madang by Allen & Emery (1985: 2). Specimens observed and photographed at St. CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 14, CTR 25. AMS, ROMAbout ROM and WAMAbout WAM material.

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Aldabra and Mascarenes (western Indian Ocean) east to Wake, Line and Tuamotu islands, north to Ryukyu islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Found on reef flats, in shallow lagoons, and on semi-sheltered coral or rocky reef margins; common among patches of rubble or porous reef rock, surrounded by live coral, particularly in areas of mild surge, 0– 4 m. Marine.

Stegastes fasciolatus (Ogilby, 1889)  —Pacific gregory

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed and collected at St. CTR 0 2, CTR 0 6, CTR 0 7, CTR 0 8, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 22, CTR 23. AMS and MNHNAbout MNHN material ( AMS I. 17090 -052; MNHNAbout MNHN uncat.).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. East Africa east to Hawaiian Islands and Easter Island, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern New Zealand. Found in inshore rocky and coral reefs, exposed to surge, 0– 5 m. Marine.

Stegastes nigricans  (Lacepède [ex Commerson  ], 1802) —Dusky gregory

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed at St. CTR 0 1, CTR 0 2, CTR 0 3, CTR 0 8, CTR 11, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 16, CTR 17, CTR 23, CTR 26. AMS and USNMAbout USNM material ( AMS I. 16688 -001, I. 17082 -020, I. 17083 -011, I. 17088 -035; USNMAbout USNM 281082, 363391).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Wake Atoll, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Found on reef flats and lagoon reefs, frequently occurring in groups associated with live or dead branching staghorn coral ( Acropora  ), 0– 12 m. Marine.

Stegastes punctatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)  —Bluntsnout gregory

STATUS AT MADANG. New record from Madang, based on specimens observed at St. CTR 0 2, CTR 11, CTR 14, CTR 15, CTR 17, CTR 23, CTR 25, CTR 27. Previously reported as Stegastes lividus  (non Forster in Bloch & Schneider, 1801) by Allen (1975 b: 141).

DISTRIBUTION AND HABITAT. Red Sea and East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Found in coral reef areas with dead staghorn corals, 0– 5 m. Marine.

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

WAM

Western Australian Museum

KFRS

Kanudi Fisheries Research Station

ROM

Royal Ontario Museum

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

SMF

Forschungsinstitut und Natur-Museum Senckenberg

BPBM

Bishop Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Actinopterygii

Order

Perciformes

Family

Pomacentridae

Loc

Pomacentridae

Fricke, Ronald, Allen, Gerald R., Andréfouët, Serge, Chen, Wei-Jen, Hamel, Mélanie A., Laboute, Pierre, Mana, Ralph, Hui, Tan He 2014

2014
Loc

Hemiglyphidodon plagiometopon

Allen 1975: 169