Neozealides obscurifrons (Tonnoir & Malloch) Mathis & Zatwarnicki, 2019

Mathis, Wayne N. & Zatwarnicki, Tadeusz, 2019, New taxonomic twists in shore flies as revealed in discovery of Neozealides, a new genus from New Zealand (Diptera: Ephydridae), Zootaxa 4656 (3), pp. 487-500 : 495-499

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4656.3.6

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Neozealides obscurifrons (Tonnoir & Malloch)

comb. nov.

Neozealides obscurifrons (Tonnoir & Malloch) View in CoL , n. comb.

( Figs. 6 View FIGURES 5–6 , 15–23 View FIGURES 14–15 View FIGURE 16 View FIGURES 17–23 , Map 2 View MAP 2 )

Hyadina obscurifrons Tonnoir & Malloch 1926: 16 View in CoL .— Miller 1950: 111 [catalog, Diptera of New Zealand].— Harrison 1959: 231 [fauna of New Zealand].— Mathis 1989: 646 [Australasian/Oceanian catalog].— Mathis & Zatwarnicki 1995: 205 [world catalog].

Diagnosis. This species is distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: Small shore flies, body length 1.35–1.93 mm. Generally light brown to brown with some gray to silvery gray ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 ).

Head ( Figs. 15–16 View FIGURES 14–15 View FIGURE 16 ): Mesofrons unicolorous, completely brown, with some faint golden brown microtomentum, lacking gray stripes laterad of ocellar triangle. Face, parafacial, and most of gena silvery gray, posterodorsal portion of gena (adjacent to posteroventral margin of eye) with darker gray, oval area. Genal height more than half eye height. Gena-to-eye ratio: 0.54–0.63.

Thorax ( Figs. 6 View FIGURES 5–6 , 16 View FIGURE 16 ): Mesonotum generally brown with 2 longitudinal lighter brown vittae on either side of acrostichal row and before dorsocentral track, lacking gray marks adjacent to dorsocentral track; acrostichal setulae lacking; apex of scutellum gray; subapical, lateral seta about 1/2 length of apical seta, apical seta slightly dorsoclinate; postpronotum silvery gray, like ventral margin of notopleuron and area immediately posterior of notopleuron, otherwise notopleuron brown as a lateral extension from brown coloration of mesonotum through anterior margin of notopleural triangle, brown encompassing single notopleural setal base; anepisternum gray except for a large, medial, oval brown spot; no anepisternal or katepisternal setae. Wing ( Fig. 16 View FIGURE 16 ) length 1.61–2.05 mm; wing width 0.71–0.97 mm; wing with cell R 1 infuscate basally and with an oval spot apical of level of crossvein r-m; 1 white spot in cell R 2+3 at level of crossvein dm-cu and with somewhat oval brown areas on either side of white spot; cell R 4+5 with 2 white spots equidistant from level of crossvein dm-cu and a narrow, longitudinal brown patch connecting the 2 white spots, apical portion hyaline; area surrounding crossvein r-m infuscate; cell br with white spot; discal cell and cell M each with 1 obovate brown spot about equal distance on either side of crossvein dm-cu; crossvein dm-cu with brown spot over anterior half that extends into cell R 4+5; wing length to width ratio: 0.44–0.48; costal vein ratio: 0.67–0.77; M vein ratio 0.48–0.52. Halter yellowish. Femora and tibiae concolorous with apices yellowish, femora also with dark annulus at apical 2/3; tarsi with basal 2 tarsomeres yellowish, apical tarsomeres becoming progressively more brownish with apical tarsomere brown.

Abdomen: Male terminalia ( Figs. 17–23 View FIGURES 17–23 ): Epandrium (apparently including the fused surstyli) in posterior view ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 17–23 ) generally broadly oval with a cluster of numerous setulae at ventral margin, apex moderately rounded, in lateral view ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 17–23 ) vertically elongate, irregularly tear-drop shaped with dorsal half narrow, almost parallel sided, shallowly curved, digitiform, ventral half greatly expanded, more or less broadly and irregularly triangular, angulate anteriorly at midheight, ventral margin broadly rounded, ventral margin bearing a cluster of numerous setulae; cercus in posterior view ( Fig. 17 View FIGURES 17–23 ) broadly lunate, medial margin shallowly concave, lateral margin broadly rounded, bearing numerous, evenly dispersed setulae, in lateral view ( Fig. 18 View FIGURES 17–23 ) semi-hemispherical, posterior margin evenly and broadly rounded, anterior margin slightly convex, nearly straight; aedeagus in lateral view ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 17–23 ) elongate, unevenly Z-shaped from bifurcate base, dorsal extension shorter, slightly more than half length of ventral extension, tapered, thereafter apical portion abruptly recurved to very narrow extension, ventral extension narrowly tapered to sharply pointed apex, in ventral view ( Fig. 21 View FIGURES 17–23 ) irregularly rectangular, lateral margins unevenly concave, more pronounced after truncate base then more evenly expanded to broadly rounded, almost truncate apex; phallapodeme in lateral view ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 17–23 ) narrowly triangular, keel relatively narrow, apical portion rod-like, extension to aedeagal base greatly narrowed and conspicuously curved, extension toward hypandrium angulate, about 90 degrees but with a short, pointed angle, in ventral view ( Figs. 19, 22 View FIGURES 17–23 ) I-like, linear, elongate, narrowly rectangular, truncate at both apices; gonite in lateral view ( Fig. 23 View FIGURES 17–23 ) with rod-like dorsal extension or bridge that connects with opposite extension above aedeagus, apical portion comparatively elongate, tapered to a sharply pointed apex, bearing a stout, spine-like setula sub-basally, and 2 much smaller setulae toward gonal base, base irregularly digitiform; hypandrium in ventral view ( Figs. 19–20 View FIGURES 17–23 ) comparatively broadly rounded anteriorly, posterior margin deeply incised on both sides, forming a wide, short, medial process that narrows in a step-wise manner to more narrowly truncate posterior margin.

Primary Type Material. The holotype female is labeled “[ New Zealand.] Wairakei 6 Mar. 1923 A. Tonnoir/ TYPE Hyadina obscurifrons n.sp. A. Tonnoir det. [pink; species name and “n.sp.” handwritten].” The holotype is double mounted (minuten wound around base pin, bent at 90° angle upward), is in good condition (right wing removed, mounted on a small celluloid slide that is attached to the main pin beneath the locality label; several setae, especially of head, missing), and is deposited in the NZAC.

Type Locality. New Zealand. North Island : Wairakei (38°37.2'S, 176°06.2'E) GoogleMaps .

Other Specimens Examined (all from New Zealand). NORTH ISLAND. BP: Paradise Valley (38°07.9'S, 176°09.9'E), 7 Feb 1998, VH, W. N. Mathis (2♂, 2♀; NZAC, USNM) GoogleMaps . TO: Wairakei (38°37.2'S, 176°06.2'E), 6 Mar 1923, A. Tonnoir (1♀; holotype; NZAC) GoogleMaps


SOUTH ISLAND . DN: Berwick (8.6 km W, Waipori River; 45°55.6'S, 170°01.8'E; 30 m); 13 Jan 2004, W. N. Mathis (2♂, 5♀; USNM) GoogleMaps . FD GoogleMaps : Monowai (45°46.5'S, 167°37.0'E; 120 m); 20 Jan 2004, W. N. Mathis (4♂, 5♀; USNM) GoogleMaps . KA GoogleMaps : Hapuku Stream (42°13'S, 173°45.3'E; 420 m), 8 Jan 2004, W. N. Mathis (7♂, 7♀; USNM) GoogleMaps . MC GoogleMaps : Christchurch (Styx Mill Reserve; 43°27.8'S, 172°36.8'E; 9 m), 2 Feb 2004, W. N. Mathis (3♂, 9♀; USNM) GoogleMaps . NN GoogleMaps : Graham Valley (41°12.1'S, 172°50.8'E), 12 Feb 1998, W. N. Mathis (2♂, 3♀; USNM) GoogleMaps ; Motueka Valley , Graham Stream (41°11.9'S, 172°48.6'E), 12 Feb 1998, V. Hollmann (3♂; NZAC) GoogleMaps ; Orchard Flats (41°17.9'S, 173°20.3'E), 10 Feb 1998, V. Hollmann, W. N. Mathis (2♂, 1♀; USNM) GoogleMaps . SL GoogleMaps : Pourakino River (46°11.7'S, 167°55.4'E; 90 m); 14 Jan 2004, W. N. Mathis (1♂; USNM) GoogleMaps .

Distribution ( Map 2 View MAP 2 ). Australasian/Oceanian: New Zealand. North Island (BP, TO), South Island ( DN, FD, KA, MC, NN, SL).

Remarks. Although similar to N. irroratus , this species is distinguished by its smaller size (see comments un- der N. irroratus ) and its generally darker appearance in addition to the characters noted in the key.


New Zealand Arthropod Collection


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Vytautas Magnus University


Museo de Cipolleti


University of Sierra Leone, Njala University College


University of Turin














Neozealides obscurifrons (Tonnoir & Malloch)

Mathis, Wayne N. & Zatwarnicki, Tadeusz 2019

Hyadina obscurifrons

Mathis, W. N. & Zatwarnicki, T. 1995: 205
Mathis, W. N. 1989: 646
Harrison, R. A. 1959: 231
Miller, D. 1950: 111
Tonnoir, A. L. & Malloch, J. R. 1926: 16
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