Melangyna, Verrall

Thompson, Christian, 2008, A conspectus of New Zealand flower flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) with the description of a new genus and species, Zootaxa 1716, pp. 1-20: 12-13

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.181009

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6C2087E6-FF95-FFE0-54DC-521695C7FC2F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Melangyna
status

 

GENUS MELANGYNA Verrall 

MELANGYNA Verrall 1901: 313  . Type-species: Melanostoma quadrimaculatum Verrall, 1901  , monotypic.

novaezelandiae Macquart, 1855: 115  ( Syrphus  ).

novaezealandiae, Hutton 1881: 44, 1901: 40; Miller 1921: 302, 1950: 97; Thompson & Vockeroth 1989: 444 (subsequent misspelling).

novaeselaniae, Kertész 1910: 123 (subsequent misspelling). ortas Walker, 1849: 585 ( Syrphus  ).

rectus Nowicki, 1875: 24  ( Syrphus  ).

The types of novaezelandiae Macquart  and ortas Walker were examined and found to represent the same species. The description of rectus Nowicki  also clearly applies to this species. Under the principle of priority, the name for this species should be ortas Walker. However, as novaezelandiae  has far more widespread use, being the only name of the three that has been used as valid (with the exception of catalogs and checklists) in the last 80 or more years (exactly since Miller 1921), the name is eligible to be preserved under the plenary powers of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (Art. 81; ICZN (1999 )). Normally, I am against preserving junior synonyms, but as the name novaezelandiae  is most appropriate for this species, the second most common New Zealand flower fly, and has become the basis of the common name, the New Zealand flower fly, I feel that an exception for its preservation should be made.

The original spelling of the epithet was " novae zelandiae" based on material collected from "Nouvelle- Zelande." Subsequent authors have misspelt the epithet, but there is no basis for an emendation or is there sufficient usage to adopt the spelling novaezealandiae.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Syrphidae

Loc

Melangyna

Thompson, Christian 2008
2008
Loc

MELANGYNA

Verrall 1901: 313
Loc

novaezelandiae

Macquart 1855: 115
Loc

rectus

Nowicki 1875: 24