Utinga castanea ( Busk, 1884 )

Ramalho, Laís V., Taylor, Paul D., Moraes, Fernando Coreixas, Moura, Rodrigo, Amado-Filho, Gilberto M. & Bastos, Alex C., 2018, Bryozoan framework composition in the oddly shaped reefs from Abrolhos Bank, Brazil, southwestern Atlantic: taxonomy and ecology, Zootaxa 4483 (1), pp. 155-186: 169-170

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4483.1.6

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:05A08470-9473-4147-B54B-AB0C90173572

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6C3EF226-FFAB-7901-FF43-F8BAFB59FADD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Utinga castanea ( Busk, 1884 )
status

 

Utinga castanea ( Busk, 1884) 

( Figs 5GView FIGURE 5, 7FView FIGURE 7)

Mucronella castanea Busk, 1884: 157  , pl. XIX, fig. 6. Utinga castanea: Marcus, 1949: 21  , figs 26–29; Vieira et al., 2008: 30; Almeida et al., 2015a: 5; Bastos et al., 2018: table 1.

Material examined. Abrolhos Bank, Bahia State, Brazil: MNRJ-Bry1339, Parcel dos Abrolhos , 15 m depth, February 2014, col. R. Moura, G. Amado-Filho & A  . Bastos ; MNRJ-Bry1346, California Reef, 25 m depth, March 2015, col. F.C. Moraes, R. Moura, G. Amado-Filho & A  . Bastos ; MNRJ-Bry1363, California Reef, 25 m depth, March 2015, col. F.C. Moraes, R. Moura, G. Amado-Filho & A  . Bastos ; MNRJ-Bry1370, California Reef, 25 m depth, March 2015, col. F.C. Moraes, R. Moura, G. Amado-Filho & A. Bastos. 

Description. Flat colonies, forming unilamellar plates. Dark brown colour preserved after collection and storage ( Fig. 7FView FIGURE 7). Autozooids large, longer than wide (830–957–1180 µm long x 428–540–654 µm wide), polygonal with distal corner usually rounded. Frontal wall porous, coarsely tuberculate. Orifice coarctate, large (250–288–342 µm long x 224–255–281 µm wide), with two triangular hinge-teeth and prominent condyles situated below the midline, proximal rim with a rounded and large crescent lyrula ( Fig. 5GView FIGURE 5). Two types of avicularia present, disposed laterally to the orifice, suboral or on the frontal shield: (1) large, triangular and sword-like avicularia (314–378–419 µm long) with rostrum slightly curved to one side, located on one or both sides of the orifice, rarely on the frontal surface (one, two, or rarely, three avicularia per autozooid), directed distally or sometimes slightly curved to orifice; crossbar complete; (2) small, rounded avicularia (97–119–134 µm long), directed distally and located more proximally of the orifice; rostrum rounded and crossbar complete; frequently two small avicularia (96–102–108 µm long) present at the frontal corners; similar to the small lateral avicularia, rostrum rounded and directed to proximal region, crossbar complete ( Fig. 5GView FIGURE 5). Ovicell globose, longer than wide (430–460–495 µm long x 388–415–430 µm wide), extending onto the distal zooid; ooecial surface perforated by tiny pores disposed in deep depressions, absent proximally; aperture opening inside the maternal orifice.

Geographic distribution. Alagoas, Bahia, and Espírito Santo states ( Busk 1884; Marcus 1949; Vieira et al. 2008; Almeida et al. 2015a; Bastos et al. 2018; present study).

Remarks. This species has been recorded previously in northeastern and southeastern Brazil ( Busk 1884; Marcus 1949; Almeida et al. 2015a). Marcus (1949) described Utinga castanea  from Alagoas State but did not mention the presence of the two different types of avicularia (large and acute, and small and rounded). However, Busk (1884) showed them in his plates of material collected from Bahia State, leaving no doubt about the presence of both kinds of avicularia. The material of Marcus (1949) has the following dimensions: zooid 1–1.2 mm long x 500–700 µm wide; orifice up to 280 µm long x 220 µm wide; large avicularia 370 µm long. Some colonies from Abrolhos show avicularia in different positions (suboral, on the frontal shield) and greater in number (up to four per zooid). Utinga  is represented by a single living species, plus two species described from the middle Miocene of Egypt: U. habisensis Abbas & El-Senoussi, 1979  and U. rakhamensis Abbas & El-Senoussi, 1979  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Bryozoa

Class

Gymnolaemata

Order

Cheilostomatida

Family

Petraliellidae

Genus

Utinga

Loc

Utinga castanea ( Busk, 1884 )

Ramalho, Laís V., Taylor, Paul D., Moraes, Fernando Coreixas, Moura, Rodrigo, Amado-Filho, Gilberto M. & Bastos, Alex C. 2018

2018
Loc

Mucronella castanea

Busk, 1884 : 157 Marcus, 1949 : 21 Vieira et al., 2008 : 30 Almeida et al., 2015a : 5