Microplitis spodopterae Rao & Kurian

Ranjith, A. P., Rajesh, K. M. & Nasser, M., 2015, Taxonomic studies on Oriental Microplitis Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Microgastrinae) with description of two new species from South India, Zootaxa 3963 (3), pp. 369-415: 406-409

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3963.3.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C543FC96-D621-4BAD-8746-ED14E447F948

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6E2F87FE-FFDB-FF9D-3DF0-9DAF7AEEDC71

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Microplitis spodopterae Rao & Kurian
status

 

Microplitis spodopterae Rao & Kurian 

Microplitis spodopterae Rao & Kurian 1950: 167  –190. Holotype NZSI.

Microplitis spodopterae Gupta 2013: 446 View Cited Treatment   .

Material examined. 1 ♀ India, Kerala, Kollam, Kundara, N 08° 57 ’ 03.1” N 76 ° 41 ’ 21.8 ”, 24.i. 2013. sweep net, coll. Ranjith ( DZUC).

Female. Body length 1.9 mm (based on examined specimen).

Head: Subcircular, 1.1 × as wide as long in anterior view (Fig. 20 -B); lateral temples slightly visible in anterior view; width of face (at widest) 0.5 × width of head; face 1.3 × as wide as long, slightly convex, rugose-punctate, sparsely setose (Fig. 20 -B); lateral temples, vertex and dorsal occiput slightly rugose; occiput concave; frons slightly rugose, anterior frons with raised area in dorsal view; area between antennal sockets without distinct carinate longitudinal ridge; eyes setose; POL 1.1 × OOL; ocelli forming an obtuse angle; antennae 1.1 × as long as body (Fig. 20 -A); first flagellomere 1 × as long as second flagellomere, 3 × as long as wide; second flagellomere 3.1 × as long as wide; terminal flagellomere acute, 3.2 × as long as wide.

Mesosoma: Mesosoma 1.1 × as long as high; mesoscutum rugose, setose, separated by a longitudinal ridge (Fig. 20 -C); notauli impressed, percurrent, meeting posteriorly; medial furrow present; scutellar lunules wide, divided by six carinae (Fig. 20 -C); area lateral to scutellar lunules convex; dorsal scutellum convex, sparsely punctate, setose with marginal crenulate groove laterally; propodeum rugose with percurrent medial longitudinal carina with lateral transverse carina (Fig. 20 -D); lateral pronotum with impressed furrow, slightly crenulate; mesopleuron setose anteriorly, smooth and glabrous postero-medially; epicnemal area setose with crenulate epicnemal furrow reaching anterior margin of mesopleuron; precoxal groove shallow, crenulate; hind coxa slightly rugose-punctate, setose; hind femur 4.1 × as long as wide; hind tibia 6.2 × as long as wide; outer hind tibial spur 0.4 × as long as basitarsus.

Wings: Fore wing 3 × as long as wide (Fig. 20 -F); pterostigma 2.8 × as long as wide (Fig. 20 -F); 1 -M slightly arched throughout; areolet quadrangular (Fig. 20 -F); margin of vannal lobe convex, setose.

Metasoma: T 1 1.25 × as long as wide, rugose, without medial depression, parallel sided, sparsely setose with apical swelling (Fig. 20 -D & E); T 2 with median field (Fig. 20 -E); T 2 –T 7 smooth with sparse transverse row of setae posteriorly and scattered setae postero-laterally (Fig. 20 -E); ovipositor 0.5 × as long as hind basitarsus.

Male: Same as female except scutellar lunules divided by four carinae, hind femur much darker than that of female.

Colour: Head, antennae, mesosoma and coxae black, tegulae dark brown, fore and mid legs mostly yellow brown, hind femur either completely reddish brown or along with yellow brown patches in postero-lateral sides ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 -A & B), tibia with median half white, apical 1 / 3 and base with black infuscation (Fig. 20 -BF), tarsi dark reddish brown, wings infuscate (Fig. 20 -F), venation brown, pterostigma and veins uniformly dark brown, T 1 black with anterior laterotergites pale testaceous to white.

Distribution. India (Bihar, Karnataka and Kerala).

Host. Spodoptera mauritia (Boisduval)  .

Discussion. This species is close to M. prodeniae  in having the T 1 rugose, propodeum with distinct medial longitudinal carina. It differs from M. prodeniae  in the following characters: scutellum micropunctured (in M. prodeniae  scutellum rugose), T 1 without medial longitudinal groove (in M. prodeniae  T 1 with medial longitudinal groove), T 2 without setae medially (in M. prodeniae  T 2 with single row of setae medially), mesoscutum rugose (in M. prodeniae  mesoscutum rugose-punctate).

Comments. Type material could not be directly examined, but images of the holotype taken by Dr S. Sheela ( NZSI) were used to compare with the new species described in this paper.

NZSI

Zoological Survey of India, National Zoological Collection

DZUC

Departamento de Zoologia da Universidade de Coimbra

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Braconidae

Genus

Microplitis

Loc

Microplitis spodopterae Rao & Kurian

Ranjith, A. P., Rajesh, K. M. & Nasser, M. 2015
2015
Loc

Microplitis spodopterae

Rao 1950: 167
Loc

Microplitis spodopterae

Gupta 2013: 446