Neivamyrmex leonardi (W. M. Wheeler),

Snelling, G. C. & Snelling, R. R., 2007, New synonymy, new species, new keys to Neivamyrmex army ants of the United States., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 459-550: 476-477

publication ID

21290

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/6FBDD534-5862-1772-E7D4-0BBDFC30EAF6

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Neivamyrmex leonardi (W. M. Wheeler)
status

 

Neivamyrmex leonardi (W. M. Wheeler)  HNS 

Figures 27, 38, 53

Eciton (Acamatus) leonardi Wheeler  HNS  , 1915: 392 (w). USA, California, Point Loma (MCZC) examined.

Eciton (Acamatus) peninsulare Mann  HNS  , 1926: 98 (w). MEXICO: Baja California [ Sur ], La Palma Davila ( USNM) examined  .

Eciton (Neivamyrmex) leonardi  HNS  : M. R. Smith, 1942: 570 (w). Creighton, 1950: 72 (w).

Eciton (Neivamyrmex) peninsulare  HNS  : Borgmeier, 1949: 101 (w).

Neivamyrmex leonardi  HNS  : Borgmeier, 1955: 431 - 434 (w). Watkins, 1971: 101 - 103 (w). Wheeler & Wheeler, 1973: 38 (w). Watkins, 1976: 13, 18 (w). Cokendolpher & Francke, 1990: 11.

DISTRIBUTION (Map 6)

UNITED STATES: Oklahoma and Texas, west to California and Nevada; MEXICO, Baja California Sur and Tamaulipas south to Guerrero.

SPECIMENS EXAMINED

UNITED STATES, ARIZONA, Pima Co.: Tucson , Prince Rd. ( UNAR)  . Santa Cruz Co.: Nogales ( LACM)  . CALIFORNIA, Inyo Co.: Saline Valley Rd. , 1.7 mi. W Grapevine Canyon Rd. (36 º 30.7 " N 117 º 33.3 " W) ( GCSC, CUIC, LACM, UCDC)GoogleMaps  ; 2 km ESE Furnace Creek Inn , Death Valley Natl. Pk. (36 º 26 ' N 116 º 50 ' W), 100 m, ex Solenopsis xyloni  HNS  middens ( UCDC)GoogleMaps  ; 9 - mile Canyon (35.85 º N 117.90 º W), 3400 ft. ( LACM)GoogleMaps  ; 7 mi. S. Little Lake ( LACM)  ; 13.44 km SSE Lone Pine , ex Messor pergandei  HNS  midden ( LACM)  . Los Angeles Co.: Santa Monica Mtns ., Stunt Ranch (34 º 06 ' N 118 º 39 ' W), 410 m ( LACM, UCDC)GoogleMaps  . Riverside Co.: Deep Canyon , 1300 ft. ( UCRC)  ; Deep Cyn. , 5200 ft. ( UNAR)  . San Bernardino Co.: “ Barstow Fossil Beds ” ( LACM))  ; 4 mi. NNW Adelanto ( LACM)  . San Diego Co.: Point Loma ( USNM)  . NEVADA, Churchill Co.: Sand Springs Dune 1200 m 39 º 17 ' N 118 º 25 ' W ( UCDC)GoogleMaps  . Lyon Co.: Weeks 1280 m (39 º 18 ' N 119 º 15 ' W), 1280 m ( UCDC)GoogleMaps  . TEXAS, Mclennan Co. ( SEMC)  . Bosque Co. ( SEMC)  .

MEXICO, GUERRERO, 29 km NE Fila de Caballo ( GCSC, WPMC)  .

DISCUSSION

This is a poorly known species. The synonymous form N. peninsulare  HNS  was described from a few workers taken under a stone. Watkins (1971) also reported finding it under a stone in Texas and “ ... observed a few workers ... in a weak nocturnal raiding column of N. opacithorax  HNS  ... ” Our specimens from 9 - mile Canyon were found in soft sand at a depth of about 45 cm. This was in Sagebrush Desert with some intermixed Larrea. This ant has also been collected from Creosote Bush ScrubJoshua Tree Woodland. In the chaparral biome of Deep Canyon, Wheeler and Wheeler (1973) found a nest under a slightly buried stone.

Mann (1925) described the staphylinid beetle Pulicomorpha coecum from specimens collected with a colony of N. leonardi  HNS  (as Eciton peninsularis Mann  HNS  ) in Baja California Sur, Mexico.

The queen and male forms are unknown; however based on range data we surmise that N. minor  HNS  is probably the male form of N. leonardi  HNS  .

Automontage images of N. leonardi  HNS  may be viewed at antweb. org.

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

USNM

USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]

LACM

USA, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History

GCSC

Gordon C. Snelling

CUIC

USA, New York, Ithaca, Cornell University

UCDC

USA, California, Davis, University of California, R.M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

UCRC

USA, California, Riverside, University of California

UCRC

USA, California, Riverside, University of California

LACM

USA, California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History

UCDC

USA, California, Davis, University of California, R.M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

SEMC

USA, Kansas, Lawrence, University of Kansas, Snow Entomological Museum

GCSC

Gordon C. Snelling