Hydnocarpus kurzii (King) Warb.

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 3

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scientific name

Hydnocarpus kurzii (King) Warb.


Hydnocarpus kurzii (King) Warb. 


Myanmar: kalaw, kalaw-so. English: chaulmoogra.


Tropical Asia. Found growing in natural gullies and mountain slopes of Myanmar, including in Chin, Kachin, Kayin, areas around Pyinmana, and other evergreen forests.

Conservation status.

Data Deficient [DD] ( IUCN 2017).


Bark, Fruit, and Seed (oil): (bitter and hot) have healing properties. Can be used to induce vomiting and neutralize poisons, as well as to alleviate aches, indigestion, flatulence, and infections. Bark: An ingredient in medicines to reduce fever. Fruit: Eaten as a remedy for leprous sores, boils, and vomiting. Applied topically for aches and pains; the oil is known for its blood-purifying properties. As the oil has heat, it can kill germs and is most commonly used to treat leprosy and other skin infections.


In India the bark is used for fever, the oil of the seed for leprosy ( Jain and DeFilipps 1991). The species is a source of chaulmoogra oil.


Agricultural Corporation (1980), Ministry of Health (2001).