Heteroonops spinimanus (Simon)

Platnick, Norman I. & Dupérré, Nadine, 2009, The Goblin Spider Genus Heteroonops (Araneae, Oonopidae), With Notes on Oonops, American Museum Novitates 3649, pp. 1-72 : 22-34

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/664.1

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/736787C1-D974-FFA0-FF42-FB34126EFCC4

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Heteroonops spinimanus (Simon)
status

 

Heteroonops spinimanus (Simon)

Figures 79–139

Oonops spinimanus Simon, 1891: 563 , pl. 42, fig. 6 (female syntype from St. Vincent, in Natural History Museum, London, not examined; five female syntypes from Caracas , Distrito Federal, Venezuela, in MNHN; examined).

Oonops bermudensis Banks, 1902: 269 , fig. 1a–c (female holotype from the Bermuda Islands, no specific locality, in PMY; examined). First synonymized by Sierwald, 1988: 10.

Heteroonops spinimanus: Dalmas, 1916: 203 . – Chickering, 1969: 154, fig. 28–32; 1973: 227, figs. 1–4. – Benoit, 1977: 33, figs. 12a–c. – Dumitresco and Georgesco, 1983: 88, pl. 13, figs. 1–5 (identification uncertain). – Saaristo, 2001: 351, figs. 170–174.

Oonopinus hunus Suman, 1965: 238 , figs. 35–37 (female holotype from SE slope of Ulumawao Peak, Kailua, Oahu , Hawaii, in BPBM; examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

Matyotia tetraspinosus Saaristo, 2001: 351 , figs. 165–169 (male holotype from Anse Cimitière, Silhouette,

Seychelle Islands, in ZMUT; examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can easily be recognized by the enlarged posterior projection on the palpal endites (figs. 84–86) and the angular embolus and conductor (figs. 87, 88), females by the umbrella-shaped anterior receptaculum (fig. 95) bearing posterior long glands (figs. 135, 136).

MALE (PBI _ OON 37347 View Materials , figs. 79 – 83): Total length 1.64. Endites each with two posteriorly directed projections, posterior one enlarged (figs. 84–86). Abdominal venter with pair of subcuticular dark spots just anterior of spinnerets. Leg spination: femora: I, II d1-0-1; III d0-1-1; IV d1-0-0; tibiae: I, II v0-0-1; III d0-1-0, p0-0-1, r0-0-1; IV d0-1-0, p0-1-1, v0-0-2, r0-1-1; metatarsi: I, II v0-0-1; III d1-0-0, v1-2-0, r1-1-0; IV d1-0-0, p1-1-0, v1-0-2, r1-1-0. Basal portion of palpal bulb rotund, distal portion flattened, embolus and conductor beak shaped (figs. 87, 88).

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 37956 View Materials , figs. 89– 94): Total length 1.83. Palpal patella prolaterally dilated at half its length. Leg spination: femora: I, II d1-0-0; III d0-1-1; IV d1-0-0; tibiae: I v0-2-0; III p0-1-0, v1-2-0, r0-1-0; IV d1-0-0, p1-0-1, v0-1-1, r0-0-1; metatarsi: I v2- 2-0; II v2-1-0; III d1-0-0, v1-2-0, r1-1-0; IV d1- 0-0, p1-1-0, v0-1-2, r1-0-1. Palpal spination: femur v0-1-1, patella p0-1-1, tibia p1-1-1, v1- 1-0, tarsus p2-3-0, v2-1-4. Anterior receptaculum large, spherical, with long glands; posterior receptaculum triangular, with short glands, situated between two lateral apodemes (figs. 95–97, 134–139).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: Florida : Alachua Co. : no specific locality, Mar. 30, 1934 (H. Wallace, AMNH PBI_ OON 21166 View Materials ), 2♀ ; 118 Drive and 13th Ave., South Pointe , Gainesville , Sept. 16, 2007 (X. Wang, AMNH PBI_ OON 31065 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Gainesville , Mar. 8, 1927 (W. Barrows, AMNH PBI_ OON 26744 View Materials ), 1♀ , Feb. 10, 1942 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 26741 View Materials ), 5♀ , Feb. 1–14, 1979, pitfall, oak-pine (E. Becker, CNC PBI_ OON 38134 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Newman’s Lake, Gainesville , June 13, 1935 (W. Ivie, W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI_OON 1098, 21176), 6♀ ; San Felasco State Park, Gainesville , Sept. 24, 2007, in leaf litter (X. Wang, AMNH PBI_ OON 31069 View Materials ), 2♀ (one used for DNA sequencing) . Collier Co.: Ochopee, Everglades , 25 ° 53 9 N, 81 ° 20 9 W, Dec. 27, 1963 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21171 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps . Dade Co.: Deering Estate Park, SW 167th St. and SW 72nd Ave. , S Miami , Feb. 21–June 1, 1986, young hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1626), 1♀ , June 1–Aug. 25, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37947 View Materials , 37949), 2♀ , Aug. 26–Dec. 9, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37953 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Everglades , W Homestead, 25 ° 20 9 N, 81 ° 35 9 W, Dec. 17, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37919 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps ; Grossman Hammock, Chekika State Recreation Area , 50 km SW Miami, Mar. 3– Apr. 28, 1985, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37915 View Materials ), 2♀ , May 1–Aug. 2, 1985, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37924 View Materials ), 9♀ , July 28– Nov. 15, 1985, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37941 View Materials ), 3♀ , Nov. 15, 1985 – Feb. 24, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37914 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Homestead , Mar. 8, 1968, open field (A. Chickering, MCZ 71739 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26470 View Materials ), 3♀ , Mar. 9–14, 1968, avocado groves (A. Chickering, MCZ 71737 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26469 View Materials ), 8♀ , Mar. 18–21, 1968, same ( MCZ 71738 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26398 View Materials ), 36♀ , Mar. 23–24, 1968, same ( MCZ 71741 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26467 View Materials ), 18♀ ; Long Pine Key, Everglades National Park , July 31–Dec. 9, 1985, pineland forest, malaiseflight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37925 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Old Cutler Hammock, 7900 SW 176th St., S Miami , Feb. 21– June 1, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37352 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Royal Palm Hammock, Everglades National Park , July 1981, malaise trough (S. Peck, CNC PBI_ OON 38136 View Materials ), 2♀ , May 2–Aug. 2, 1985, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37936 View Materials , 38022), 7♀ , July 28–Nov. 15, 1985, hardwood hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37934 View Materials ), 5♀ . Gilchrist Co.: NE Wilcox , June 27, 1965, open pine-oak pasture (W. Suter, FMNH PBI_ OON 10118 View Materials ), 1♀ . Hendry Co.: Felda , June 18, 1962 (J. Beatty, JAB PBI_OON 269), 1♀ . Highlands Co.: Archbold Biological Station , 27 ° 11 9 N, 81 ° 21 9 W, Apr. 1956, under bark of dead Pinus elliotti (C. Hoff, AMNH PBI_ OON 37940 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps , litter in clumps of saw palmetto (C. Hoff, AMNH PBI_ OON 37921 View Materials ), 1♀ , Berlese , Pinus elliotti litter (C. Hoff, AMNH PBI_ OON 37943 View Materials ), 1♀ , Dec. 2, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21170 View Materials ), 1♀ , Oct. 1, 1962 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21174 View Materials ), 1♀ , Dec. 19, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37929 View Materials ), 9♀ , Feb. 29, 1968 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71736 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26466 View Materials ), 1♀ , June 30, 1978, pine litter, elev. 20 m (F., J. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 36803 View Materials ), 3♀ , July 3, 1978, litter, elev. 20 m (F., J. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 36802 View Materials ), 3♀ , July 4, 1978, litter, hilltop, elev. 40 m (F., J. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 36805 View Materials ), 2♀ , July 8, 1978, litter, elev. 20 m (F., J. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 36804 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Banana Farm, Lake Clay, near Lake Placid , Oct. 5, 1962 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21169 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Highlands Hammock State Park, along County Road at N boundary, Apr. 5, 1966, palmetto, palm/pine swamp forest (W. Suter, FMNH PBI_ OON 10507 View Materials ), 1♀ , Apr. 6, 1966, Berlese, swamp (W. Suter, FMNH 34803 View Materials , PBI_ OON 10520 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Parker Island , 7 mi SE Lake Placid, Mar. 28, 1967, Berlese, wet magnolia swamp, wet floor fern islands, wet litter from Passalus log, floor litter under magnolia (W. Suter, FMNH 34806 View Materials , PBI_ OON 10523 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Sebring , Mar. 7, 1939 (F. Lutz, AMNH PBI_ OON 21168 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Sebring Airport , Feb. 19–20, 1982, fossil dune pine litter (G. Edwards, FSCA PBI_ OON 21321 View Materials ), 3♀ . Hillsborough Co.: Tampa , Aug. 26, 1933, among dead leaves on ground (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 26738 View Materials , 26745), 8♀ . Lake Co.: Leesburg , Mar. 1–11, 1954 (M. Statham, AMNH PBI_ OON 21173 View Materials ), 1♀ . Lee Co.: Fort Myers , 26 ° 38 9 N, 81 ° 50 9 W, Feb. 1930 (W. Barrows, AMNH PBI_ OON 26743 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps , Feb. 1935 (W. Barrows, AMNH PBI_ OON 26742 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps , Mar. 18, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37927 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Fort Myers Beach , 26 ° 26 9 N, 81 ° 56 9 W, Mar. 17, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37932 View Materials ), 7♀ GoogleMaps . Leon Co.: Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee , Apr. 6–9, 1968 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71743 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26468 View Materials ), 1♀ . Martin Co.: Jonathan Dickinson State Park, N Jupiter , June 15, 1962 (J. Beatty, JAB PBI_OON 268), 1♀ ; Port Mayaca , Mar. 2, 1957 (W. Gertsch, R. Forster, AMNH PBI_ OON 21172 View Materials ), 5♀ ; 8 mi NNW Stuart , 27 ° 17 9 N, 80 ° 17 9 W, Dec. 12, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 38021 View Materials ), 3♀ GoogleMaps . Monroe Co.: Big Pine Key , E end, 24 ° 40 9 N, 81 ° 22 9 W, Dec. 13, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37930 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps , Nov. 17, 1985 – Feb. 25, 1986, cactus hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37928 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Big Torch Key , SW quarter, Aug. 4–Nov. 19, 1985, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37939 View Materials ), 3♀ , June 5–Aug. 28, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37920 View Materials ), 1♀ , Sept. 1–Dec. 15, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37960 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Cudjoe Key , SE quarter, Aug. 29–Dec. 14, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37931 View Materials , 37946), 3♀ ; Fat Deer Key , Aug. 2–Nov. 16, 1985, hardwood hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37917 View Materials ), 1♀ , Nov. 18, 1985 – Feb. 25, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37950 View Materials , 37954), 4♀ , Aug. 31–Dec. 15, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37350 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Everglades National Park , Mar. 11–22, 1968 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71742 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26465 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Everglades National Park, 1.5 km NW Royal Palm , Nov. 1, 1984 – Mar. 3, 1985, hardwood hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37952 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Key Largo , Apr. 1, 1957 (W. Gertsch, R. Forster, AMNH PBI_ OON 21164 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Kitchings, Sugar Loaf Key , Aug. 4–Nov. 19, 1985, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37937 View Materials , 37957), 5♀ , Nov. 19, 1985 – Feb. 26, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37955 View Materials ), 2♀ , Feb. 26–June 6, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37935 View Materials ), 1♀ , June 6– Aug. 29, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37958 View Materials ), 3♀ , Aug. 29–Dec. 14, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37945 View Materials , 37959), 7♀ ; Key Largo Key , 25 ° 10 9 N, 80 ° 20 9 W, Dec. 17, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37933 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps ; 2 mi SE Marathon , 24 ° 37 9 N, 81 ° 06 9 W, Dec. 15, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37926 View Materials ), 18♀ GoogleMaps , same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37347 View Materials ), 13; Pennekamp State Park, Key Largo , Aug. 1– Nov. 16, 1985, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37916 View Materials ), 1♀ , Nov. 16, 1985 – Feb. 24, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37918 View Materials ), 4♀ , Feb. 24–June 2, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37962 View Materials ), 2♀ , June 2–Aug. 26, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37938 View Materials , 37948), 3♀ , Aug. 27–Dec. 12, 1986, same ( AMNH PBI_ OON 37942 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Sugarloaf Key , SW quarter, Aug. 5–Nov. 19, 1985, hardwood hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37956 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Vaca Key, Marathon , Aug. 31–Dec. 15, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37961 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Watsons Hammock, Big Pine Key , May 3– Aug. 3, 1985, hardwood hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 38018 View Materials ), 1♀ , Aug. 1, 1985, hammock forest litter (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37944 View Materials ), 3♀ , June 3–Aug. 27, 1986, hammock forest, malaise-flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37922 View Materials ), 2♀ . Orange Co.: 3 mi NW Maitland , 28 ° 38 9 N, 81 ° 24 9 W, Dec. 10, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37951 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps . Palm Beach Co.: Royal Palm Park , Feb. 18, 1925 (W. Barrows, AMNH PBI_ OON 26740 View Materials ), 1♀ , Feb. 26, 1936 ( AMNH PBI_ OON 21165 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Royal Palm Station , Feb. 14, 1951 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21167 View Materials ), 1♀ . Pinellas Co.: Dunedin (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 26739 View Materials ), 3♀ . Polk Co.: Lake Alfred , Rt. S-17, May 12, 1969, flat pine land, pitfall (K. Stone, FSCA PBI_ OON 21328 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Winter Haven , Oct. 5, 1967, sand dune, pitfall (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21325 View Materials ), 1♀ , Oct. 16, 1967, shady back yard, pitfall (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21327 View Materials ), 1♀ , Oct. 30, 1967, pitfall, under oak (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21322 View Materials ), 1♀ , Aug. 7, 1969, sand pine, pitfall (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21323 View Materials ), 1♀ , Dec. 8, 1969, sand pine, pitfall (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21326 View Materials ), 1♀ , Feb. 18, 1970, sand pine, pitfall (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21324 View Materials ), 1♀ . Seminole Co.: junction, Highway 427 and County Road 415, service road near church, Mar. 30, 2003, leaf litter, mangrove/palm swamp (D. Dabney, CAS 9025876 View Materials , PBI_OON2390), 1♀ . Volusia Co. : De Land , Mar. 25, 1939 (F. Lutz, AMNH PBI_ OON 21175 View Materials ), 3♀ . MEXICO: Quintana Roo: San Juan, Cozumel , Aug. 7, 1949 (C., M. Goodnight, AMNH PBI_OON 1613), 2♀ . San Luis Potosí : 1 mi SW Tamazunchale, 21 ° 15 9 N, 98 ° 49 9 W, July 25, 1966 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 38020 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps . CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica: Alajuela: Grecia , Nov. 27, 1955 (B. Malkin, AMNH PBI_OON 270), 1♀ . Cartago: Turrialba , July 25–Aug. 15, 1965 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71734 View Materials , 71735 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26396 View Materials , 26447), 26♀ . Heredia: San Joaquín , July 6, 1997 (C. Víquez, INBIO 47241 , PBI_ OON 30991 View Materials ), 1♀ . Panama: Canal Zone: Balboa , May 25, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71732 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26399 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Gamboa , Jan. 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71730 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26395 View Materials ), 3♀ ; Gatun , Feb. 15, 1958 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66703 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26462 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Summit Gardens , July 12, 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71731 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26463 View Materials ), 1♀ , May 12, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71729 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26461 View Materials ), 1♀ . Chiriquí: Boquete , Aug. 1950 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71733 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26464 View Materials ), 5♀ , Aug. 1954 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66702 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26394 View Materials ), 15♀ . WEST INDIES: Bahama Islands: San Salvador Island , May 9–15, 1982 (B. Bowen, CNC PBI_ OON 38133 View Materials ), 1♀ ; South Bimini , May 1951 (W. Gertsch, M. Cazier, AMNH PBI_ OON 21161 View Materials ), 36♀ , June 1951 (M. Cazier, C., P. Vaurie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21162 View Materials , 21163), 5♀ . Bermuda: no specific locality, 1901 (A. Verrill, PMY 2340 , PBI_OON 312), 1♀ (holotype) ; Paget Parish, near Elbow Beach Surf Club , Jan. 1, 1964, garbage in scrub forest (W. Suter, FMNH 33599 View Materials , PBI_ OON 10106 View Materials ), 1♀ . GREATER ANTIL- LES: Cuba: Oriente: Soledad , Aug. 1–11, 1934 (P. Darlington, MCZ 71802 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26610 View Materials ), 2♀ . Jamaica: Clarendon: Salt River , Nov. 24, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71744 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26452 View Materials ), 3♀ . Hanover: Roundhill , Nov. 21, 1959 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21157 View Materials ), 1♀ . Manchester: Christiana , Nov. 13– 14, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71798 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26611 View Materials ), 10♀ ; halfway between Troy and Christiana , Nov. 13, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71757 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26456 View Materials ), 1♀ . St. Andrew: near August Town , May 29, 1956, litter among roots of kapok tree (C. Hoff, MCZ 71799 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26864 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Bamboo Ave., Liguanea , Nov. 14, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71767 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26912 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Buttercup Drive, Mona , Dec. 1, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71764 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26911 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Cooper’s Hill , Feb. 10, 1955, elev. 2400 ft (P. Bellinger, MCZ 71751 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26460 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Fairway Ave., Liguanea , Nov. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71769 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26885 View Materials ), 30♀ ; Dec. 24, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71770 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26914 View Materials ), 3♀ ; Fairy Glade , May 1955 (P. Bellinger, MCZ 71765 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26891 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Ferry , Oct. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71782 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26893 View Materials ), 7♀ ; Ferry , 1 mi W Red Hills Road, Sept. 27, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71766 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26890 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Hermitage Reservoir , Nov. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71773 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26902 View Materials ), 6♀ ; Hermitage Road , Nov. 28, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71772 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26904 View Materials ), 16♀ ; Hope Gardens , Oct. 23, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71788 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26881 View Materials ), 5♀ , Nov. 2, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71762 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26454 View Materials ), 6♀ , Nov. 27, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71760 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26455 View Materials ), 3♀ , Dec. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71761 View Materials , 71780 View Materials , 71789 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26451 View Materials , 26906, 26907), 61♀ ; Hope Road , Dec. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71785 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26888 View Materials ), 11♀ ; Jack’s Hill Road , Dec. 6, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71793 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26901 View Materials ), 3♀ ; Mona , Oct. 1957, hay debris (A. Chickering, MCZ 71781 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26915 View Materials ), 23♀ , Oct. 11, 1957, citrus orchard (A. Chickering, MCZ 71763 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26882 View Materials ), 7♀ ; Mona Heights , Dec. 15–29, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71779 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26908 View Materials ), 198♀ ; Mona Road , Oct. 14, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71787 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26894 View Materials ), 4♀ , Nov. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71783 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26899 View Materials ), 38♀ , Dec. 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71786 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26905 View Materials ), 31♀ ; Monroe Road, Liguanea , Oct. 15, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71768 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26889 View Materials ), 3♀ ; Mt. Pleasant , Oct. 24, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71771 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26883 View Materials ), 5♀ ; Newcastle Road , 5 mi NE Kingston, May 10, 1956, under bark of log (C. Hoff, MCZ 71800 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26865 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Old Hope Road, Liguanea , Oct. 8, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71794 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26909 View Materials ), 3♀ , Dec. 3, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71792 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26903 View Materials ), 6♀ ; Reservoir Aqueduct , Nov. 30, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71776 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26886 View Materials ), 30♀ ; Richards Reservoir , Nov. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71775 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26910 View Materials ), 26♀ , Nov. 23, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71774 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26898 View Materials ), 12♀ , Dec. 18, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71784 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26913 View Materials ), 15♀ ; Stony Hill , Oct. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71791 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26922 View Materials ), 6♀ ; Trafalgar Road , Nov. 9, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71795 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26897 View Materials ), 3♀ . St. Ann : Mt. Diablo Forest Preserve , Nov. 6, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71749 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26457 View Materials ), 2♀ ; St. Ann’s Bay , Mar. 19, 1955 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21158 View Materials ), 1♀ . St. Catherine: E end, Innswood Estate , Nov. 10, 1963 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71778 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26896 View Materials ), 4♀ ; 3 mi E May Peninsula , Nov. 22, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71755 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26448 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Old Harbour , Oct. 9, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71756 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26458 View Materials ), 2♀ ; roadsidenear School of Agriculture , Oct. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71899 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26614 View Materials ), 6♀ ; School of Agriculture , Nov. 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66700 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26884 View Materials ), 5♀ ; 1.5 mi SW Spanish Town , Oct. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71797 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26900 View Materials ), 2♀ ; 8 mi W Spanish Town , Dec. 2, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71753 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26459 View Materials ), 2♀ . St. Thomas : 6 mi NE Bath, Dec. 10, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71790 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26895 View Materials ), 6♀ ; Morant Bay , Oct. 29, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71758 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26397 View Materials ), 6♀ ; Roselle Falls , Oct. 29, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71759 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26453 View Materials ), 2♀ . Trelawny: 12 mi S Falmouth , May 13, 1956, from bromeliads (C. Hoff, MCZ 71750 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26450 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Glastonbury , Nov. 14, 1957 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71752 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26400 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Good Hope , Aug. 11, 1966 (H. Howden, CNC PBI_ OON 38135 View Materials ), 1♀ . Westmoreland: Negril , Mar. 29, 1981, litter under large breadnut tree (H., L. Levi, MCZ PBI_ OON 28126 View Materials ), 1♀ . Puerto Rico: Mayagüez, Jan. 21, 1964, leaf litter among coffee trees (A. Chickering, MCZ 71823 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26606 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Mayagüez, E Nuclear Center , Jan. 13, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71809 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26603 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Mayagüez, University campus, Jan. 7, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71810 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26863 View Materials ), 3♀ ; Mayagüez, University farm, N of campus, Jan. 17, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71812 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26604 View Materials ), 1♀ ; 3 mi S Mayagüez , road to Hormigueros, Jan. 8, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71811 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26602 View Materials ), 1♀ ; 5 km E Mayagüez, Jan. 19, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71813 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26605 View Materials ), 11♀ . LESSER ANTILLES: Virgin Islands: St. Croix : no specific locality, Sept. 3, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71815 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26858 View Materials ), 1♀ ; King’s Hill , Mar. 17, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71814 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26859 View Materials ), 1♀ . St. John : no specific locality, July 23, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71816 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26612 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Cruz Bay , Feb. 28–Mar. 7, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71817 View Materials , PBI_OON 1790), 7♀ . St. Thomas : no specific locality, July 27, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71820 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26855 View Materials ), 2♀ , Aug. 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71821 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26613 View Materials ), 6♀ , open fields, vacant lots, Feb. 19–24, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71819 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26856 View Materials ), 46♀ ; Charlotte Amalie , Feb. 12–16, 1964, hay and weed debris (A. Chickering, MCZ 71898 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26854 View Materials ), 38♀ ; High School Grounds, Charlotte Amalie , Mar. 10–11, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71822 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26857 View Materials ), 51♀ . Tortola : no specific locality, July 30–Aug. 5, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71807 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26860 View Materials ), 7♀ , Aug. 22–23, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71806 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26609 View Materials ), 3♀ . LEEWARD ISLANDS: Nevis: no specific locality, Sept. 24–29, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71805 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26608 View Materials ), 4♀ . St. Kitts: no specific locality, Sept. 14–22, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 66697 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26449 View Materials ), 1♀ . WINDWARD ISLANDS: St. Lucia: no specific locality, Oct. 5–13, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71803 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26601 View Materials ), 4♀ . St. Vincent: no specific locality, Oct. 15– 24, 1966 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71808 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26607 View Materials ), 15♀ . Trinidad: Simla , Apr. 20, 1964 (A. Chickering, MCZ 71804 View Materials , PBI_ OON 26861 View Materials ), 1♀ . SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia: Valle del Cauca: Cali , Dec. 19, 1958 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_OON 1322), 1♀ . Venezuela: Bolívar: Parupá, La Gran Sabana , June 27–July 10, 1987, forest-grassland edge, Malaise flight intercept trap, elev. 1500 m (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_OON 1043, 1044), 2♀ . Distrito Federal: Caracas (E. Simon, MNHN 1470 View Materials , PBI_OON 2386), 5♀ (syntypes) . OLD WORLD: Madeira: Funchal , Apr. 21, 1973, hotel grounds, elev. 30 m (F., J. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 36801 View Materials ), 1♀ . St. Helena: Basse Fisher’s Valley , Dec. 14–15, 1965, elev. 1000 ft (P. Basilewsky, P. Benoit, H. Leleup, MRAC 129087 View Materials , PBI_ OON 33792 View Materials ), 1♀ (abdomen only) . Madagascar: Toamasina: Ambatovy, 12.4 km NE Moramanga , 18 ° 50 9 52 0 S, 48 ° 17 9 44 0 E, Mar. 5–8, 2007, pitfall trap, grassland, elev. 1000 m (B. Fisher et al., CAS 9036072 View Materials , PBI_OON 3916), 1♀ (identified by D. Ubick) GoogleMaps . Seychelle Islands: Mahe´: Bon Espoir , June 21, 1972, grass clumps, elev. 300 m (P. Benoit, J. Van Mol, MRAC143236 View Materials , PBI_ OON 33793 View Materials ), 2♀ . Silhouette: Anse Cimitière, Jan. 18, 1999, from old stems of Ipomea hanging down from stones (M. Saaristo, MZUT AA 1,236, PBI_OON 5399), 13 (holotype). Hawaii : Hawaii : Kalopa State Park , Feb. 13, 1995, forest litter (J. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 273), 1♀ ; Manuka State Park , Feb. 11, 1995, mesic forest, elev. 1750 ft (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 276), 2♀ ; Puna District, Route 137, mile marker 17–18, Jan. 31, 1997, coconut palm trashpile (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 277), 1♀ ; Puna District, Route 137, mile marker 20.5, Feb. 1, 1997, scrubland litter (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 279), 1♀ ; Puna District, Route 137, 1 mi W Mackenzie State Park, Jan. 31, 1997, C asuarina litter (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_ OON 38267 View Materials ), 2♀ ; Route 190, mile marker 29.5, Feb. 17, 1995, roadside grass, litter (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 272), 1♀ ; Route 250, Feb. 17, 1995, Casuarina bark and litter, roadside, elev. 3500 ft (J., E. Berry, JAP PBI_OON 274), 1♀ ; Whittington Beach Park, Kau District, Route 11, Feb. 4, 1997, litter (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 271), 1♀ . Kauai: trail to Kahili Mountain, near Koloa , Jan. 12, 1998, litter, elev. 1700 ft (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 275), 1♀ ; Makaha Ridge Road , Jan. 23, 1998, pine forest litter, elev. 2000 ft (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 278), 4♀ . Lanai: Lanai City , Sept. 22, 1957 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 37963 View Materials ), 1♀ . Oahu: Kaneoe Bay , Jan. 15, 1983, in mangrove litter (V. Roth, AMNH PBI_ OON 21003 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Kolekole Pass , Apr. 17, 1967, malaise trap, elev. 1725 ft ( CNC PBI_ OON 38137 View Materials ), 1♀ ; Manawahua, Waianae Mountains , Nov. 23, 1951 (W. Mitchell, AMNH PBI_ OON 37923 View Materials ), 1♀ ; SE slope, Ulumawao Peak, Kailua , Nov. 8, 1964, leaf mold (T. Suman, BPBM 3742 View Materials , PBO_OON 292), 1♀ (holotype) . Marquesas Islands: Hiva Oa: Atuona Harbor , Feb. 8, 1987, grass clump ( JAB PBI_OON 286), 1♀ ; Hanamenu , Feb. 4, 1987, Hibiscus litter ( JAB PBI_OON 285), 1♀ . Nuku Hiva: Toovii , Jan. 29, 1987, grass clump, elev. 600 m (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_ OON 38318 View Materials ), 1♀ . Cook Islands: Aitutaki : near airport, Mar. 29, 1987, grass litter (J. Berry, JAB PBI_OON 282), 3♀ ; Anaunga District , Mar. 27, 1987, Scaevola litter (J., E. Berry, JAB PBI_ OON 38317 View Materials ), 1♀ . Rarotonga: Arorongi, near Raemaru Mountain , Mar. 12, 1987, grass clump, elev. 300 m ( JAB PBI_OON 283), 1♀ ; above Black Rock , Mar. 12, 1987, fern field, elev. 100 m ( JAB PBI_OON 284), 2♀ . Pitcairn Island: head of St. Paul’s Valley , July 17, 1997, in Homalium tree grove, under ferns (J. Starmer, JAB PBI_OON 280), 1♀ . Fiji: Viti Levu: Nadi Bay , Apr. 20, 1987, beach rubble, sea plane jetty (J.Berry, JAB PBI_OON 281), 1♀ ; Nandarivatu , May 14, 1987, litter under eucalypt tree beside guest house (J. Berry, JAB PBI_ OON 38320 View Materials ), 4♀ . New Caledonia: Ouen Toro, Noumea, Sept. 3, 1990, dry forest, elev. 125 m (N. Platnick, R. Raven, P. Goloboff, AMNH PBI_ OON 21056 View Materials ), 1♀ . Australia: Queensland: Heron Island , site 4, 23 ° 443 9 S, 151 ° 917 9 E, Nov. 7–9, 2008, Malaise trap, Pisonia forest, elev. 0– 5 m (A. Nakamura, QMB S87193 View Materials , PBI_ OON 23374 View Materials ), 5♀ , same, pitfall trap ( QMB S87183 View Materials , PBI_ OON 23375 View Materials ), 1♀ (all examined and identified by Barbara Baehr, confirmed from photos).

DISTRIBUTION: Pantropical, and even introduced into some temperate areas, such as greenhouses in Germany ( Kielhorn, 2008). If the prolaterally dilated female palpal patella is a synapomorphy uniting this species with H. singulus , H. murphyorum , and H. andros , the species is probably native only to some part of the western Caribbean, like the other members of this small species group.

SYNONYMY: Suman’s redescription of the species appears to have been the result of a generic misplacement.

Heteroonops singulus (Gertsch and Davis) , new combination

Figures 140–147

Oonops singulus Gertsch and Davis, 1942: 6 , fig. 10 (female holotype from Potrero , Veracruz, Mexico, in AMNH; examined).

DIAGNOSIS: Gertsch and Davis (1942) not- ed that the female holotype of this species has a ‘‘very long, strongly spined palpus’’ and therefore concluded, ‘‘It belongs in the group for which the generic name Oonopoides was proposed, with Oonops spinimanus Simon as genotype’’ (their mention of Oonopoides here was obviously just a lapsus for Heteroonops ). They indicated that O. singulus has ‘‘the eyes less widely separated,’’ but we’ve detected no significant differences in the eye patterns of the two species. However, the female genitalia of O. singulus are distinctive, with a V-shaped posterior sclerotization and a T-shaped anterior receptaculum (figs. 145–147).

MALE: Unknown.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 36745 View Materials , figs. 140– 144): Total length 1.46. Palpal patella prolaterally dilated at half its length. Abdominal venter without pair of subcuticular dark spots just anterior of spinnerets. Leg spination: femora: I, II d1-0-0; III d0-0-1; IV d0-1-0; tibiae: I, II v0-0-1; III v0-2-2; IV p1-1-0, v0-0- 2, r1-1-0; metatarsi: I, II v1-0-0; III v0-0-2, r0- 0-1; IV p1-0-0, v2-0-2, r1-0-0. Palpal spination: femur v1-1-1, patella p0-1-1, tibia p2-1-0, v0-1-1, tarsus p1-1-0, v1-1-0. Anterior receptaculum anteriorly expanded, flared, followed posteriorly by V-shaped sclerotization (figs. 145–147).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Veracruz: Potrero , June 24, 1936 (L. Davis, AMNH PBI_ OON 36745 View Materials ), 1♀ (holotype); Veracruz, June 27, 1953 (C. Goodnight, AMNH PBI_OON 1623), 1♀ .

DISTRIBUTION: Veracruz, Mexico.

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

QMB

Queensland Museum, Brisbane

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Heteroonops

Loc

Heteroonops spinimanus (Simon)

Platnick, Norman I. & Dupérré, Nadine 2009
2009
Loc

Matyotia tetraspinosus

Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 351
2001
Loc

Oonopinus hunus

Suman, T. W. 1965: 238
1965
Loc

Oonops singulus

Gertsch, W. J. & L. I. Davis 1942: 6
1942
Loc

Heteroonops spinimanus:

Saaristo, M. I. 2001: 351
Dumitresco, M. & M. Georgesco 1983: 88
Benoit, P. L. G. 1977: 33
Chickering, A. M. 1969: 154
Dalmas, R. de 1916: 203
1916
Loc

Oonops bermudensis

Sierwald, P. 1988: 10
Banks, N. 1902: 269
1902
Loc

Oonops spinimanus

Simon, E. 1891: 563
1891