Afrocampe prinslooi,

Gumovsky, Alex, 2018, A new genus of Tetracampidae (Hymenoptera) from South Africa, European Journal of Taxonomy 447, pp. 1-13: 8-10

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scientific name

Afrocampe prinslooi

gen. et sp. nov.

Afrocampe prinslooi  gen. et sp. nov.

Figs 1–4View Fig. 1View Fig. 2View Fig. 3View Fig. 4


The species is named after Gerhard Prinsloo, a famous expert on South African Chalcidoidea, who collected part of the type series and also first noticed and sorted out the SANC specimens as unusual tetracampids.

Material examined


SOUTH AFRICA: ♀, Bathhurst, C.P., Jan. 1979, G.L. Prinsloo leg. (deposited in SANC).



SOUTH AFRICA: 1 ♀, Bathurst, C.P., Jan. 1979, G.L. Prinsloo leg., National Coll. of Insects , Pretoria, S. Afr. ( NMP)  ; 2 ♀♀, Nieu Bethesda, Feb. 1990, G.L. Prinsloo leg., National Coll. of Insects , Pretoria, S. Afr. ( NMP)  ; 1 ♀, C.P., Nature’s Valley , 33.59° S, 23.34° E. 26 Nov. 1983, G.L. Prinsloo and N.C. Grobbelaar leg., National Coll. of Insects , Pretoria, S. Afr. ( NMP)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, C.P. , Knysna, 34.02° S, 23.03° E. 26 Nov. 1983, G.L. Prinsloo and N.C. Grobbelaar leg., National Coll. of Insects , Pretoria, S. Afr. ( NMP)GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♀♀, 1 ♂, C.P., Baviaanskloof , 23–24 Nov. 1983, G.L. Prinsloo and N.C. Grobbelaar leg. ( SANC)  ; 1 ♀, Grahamstown, C.P. , Jan. 1979, G.L. Prinsloo leg. ( SANC)  ; 1 ♂ (headless), C.P., Humansdorp , 34.02° S, 24.46° E, 27 Nov. 1983, G.L. Prinsloo and N.C. Grobbelaar leg. ( SANC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Western Cape, Grootvadersbosch Nature Reserve , 33°59.030′ S, 20°49.128′ E, 340 m a.s.l., 5 Nov. 2009 – 27 Feb. 2010, Malaise trap, afromontane forest, S. van Noort leg. ( GVB10-FOR1-M01, SAM- HYM-P067822) ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♀, Eastern Cape, Winterberg, the Hoek farm , 32°21.260′ S, 26°23.001′ E, 1879 m a.s.l., 26 Jul.–6 Oct. 2010, yellow pan trap, Amathole mistbelt grassland, S. van Noort leg. ( WTB09-GRA1-Y05, SAM-HYM-P067823) ( SAMC)GoogleMaps  .



LENGTH. 1.4–1.6 mm.

COLOUR. Body with yellow and blue-green markings: head mostly yellow apart from black scrobal depression and green metallic occiput and vertex; meso- and metasoma mostly metallic green, except for yellow pronotum, prepectus, acropleuron, tegulae and shoulders of mesoscutum; legs and antennae yellow-brown, except for green metallic anterior parts of hind coxae and black pretarsi ( Figs 2View Fig. 2, 3A –CView Fig. 3, 4A –BView Fig. 4). Wings transparent, veins pale brown, dorsal bristles pale ( Fig. 4CView Fig. 4).

HEAD. In dorsal view about 2.0 × as long as broad, vertex smoothly transits to occiput, so occipital margin not traceable ( Fig. 2DView Fig. 2). POL about 2.0× OOL, OOL about 2.3× MDO. Head in frontal view 1.2× as wide as high; eye approximately 2.3× as high as broad; ventral margin of torulus situated slightly above virtual line connecting lower margins of eye orbits ( Fig. 2BView Fig. 2). Minimum distance between inner orbits about 0.6× width of head. Face smooth, width of scrobal depression about 0.3× that of face ( Fig. 2BView Fig. 2). Mouth opening about 1.3 × as wide as malar space (malar space about 0.7–0.8 × as long as mouth opening, Fig. 3FView Fig. 3). Inner margins of eyes slightly diverging. Genae nearly straight. Mandibles oriented downwards, bidentate ( Fig. 3FView Fig. 3). Malar suture sulcate, complete. Antenna ( Fig. 3EView Fig. 3) with scape about 4.8 × as long as wide, pedicel 1.7 × as long as broad. F1 1.5–1.6 × as long as broad, F2 1.2× as long as broad, F3 1.3× as long as broad, F4 and F5 slightly longer than wide, club slightly more than 2.0 × as long as broad, club 3.0 × as long as F5, its segments separated by sutures, terminal spine very short.

MESOSOMA. About 1.5 × as long as broad, weakly alutaceous ( Fig. 2D –FView Fig. 2). Pronotum short, conical, about 0.2× as long as mesoscutum. Mesoscutum about 1.8 × as broad as long; mesoscutellum slightly wider than long and slightly longer than mesoscutum, with 2 pairs of strong bristles, its surface alutaceous, posterior ¼ smoother ( Fig. 2D –FView Fig. 2). Axilla with two strong bristles. Mesopleuron smooth and flat, mesopleural suture present as a very shallow groove ( Fig. 3A, DView Fig. 3). Propodeum as narrow stripe, smooth, without sculpture ( Fig. 3CView Fig. 3), its callus with 10 setae.

METANOTUM. With relatively wide, smooth dorsellum, about 0.15 × as long as mesoscutellum ( Fig. 3CView Fig. 3). Metapleuron subrectangular, with alutaceous sculpture, nearly flat ( Fig. 3A, DView Fig. 3).

FORE WING. Approximately 2.4–2.5× as long as broad ( Fig. 4CView Fig. 4), slightly longer than body ( Figs 2A, C, EView Fig. 2, 4AView Fig. 4). Subcosta of SMV tapering, but not broken when transiting to parastigma, with 5 dorsal bristles ( Fig. 4CView Fig. 4), MV slightly longer (about 1.1×) than costal cell, about 0.6× wing width, STV with short petiole, nearly perpendicular to MV, with subtriangular or spherical stigma and short, relatively wide uncus, PMV about 3.4–3.8 × as long as STV ( Fig. 4CView Fig. 4). Marginal fringe long, as long as STV, about 2.0–2.5 × as long as width of MV at its broadest part ( Fig. 4CView Fig. 4).

LEG. Front leg with a short calcar, about as long as width of its tibia, evenly acute and nearly straight; midtibial spur about 2.0× as long as width of its tibia; hindtibial spur 1.2× as long as width of its tibia.

METASOMA. 1.1–1.2 × as long as mesosoma ( Figs 2A, EView Fig. 2, 4AView Fig. 4); petiole rather transverse, lightly sculptured ( Figs 2A, C, EView Fig. 2, 4AView Fig. 4). Gaster about 1.5 × as long as wide in dorsal view ( Fig. 3B –CView Fig. 3). Gt2–5 with posterior margins straight ( Fig. 3CView Fig. 3); Gt6 nearly straight posteriorly, bearing gastral spiracles ( Figs 3CView Fig. 3, 4BView Fig. 4); syntergum with a pair of short cerci (each with three long, straight setae) and with a membranous lobe at its posterior end ( Figs 3CView Fig. 3, 4BView Fig. 4).


Length about 0.9 mm. Very similar to female ( Fig. 4DView Fig. 4), but with somewhat longer flagellar segments ( Fig. 4EView Fig. 4), 4-segmented tarsi and shorter gaster.




South Africa: Eastern and Western Cape.


South Africa, Pretoria, South African National Collection of Insects


Czech Republic, Prague, National Museum (Natural History)


South Africa, Cape Town, Iziko Museum of Capetown (formerly South African Museum)


Natal Museum


Iziko Museums of Cape Town


Provincial Museum