Acrostichum aureum L.

Abotsi, Komla Elikplim, Radji, Aboudou R., Rouhan, Germinal, Dubuisson, Jean-Yves & Kokou, Kouami, 2015, The Pteridaceae family diversity in Togo, Biodiversity Data Journal 3, pp. 5078-5078: 5078

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.3.e5078

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/794D0699-753D-1B4C-A016-A933576575BD

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Acrostichum aureum L.
status

 

Acrostichum aureum L. 

Acrostichum inaequale  Willd, A. guineense  Gaudich, Chrysodium inaequale  (Willd.) Fée, C. vulgare  Fée, C. aureum  (L) Mett

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 11958; recordNumber: 4877; recordedBy: J.-F. Brunel; lifeStage: Adult; reproductiveCondition: Fertile; Taxon: nameAccordingToID: The Plant List; scientificName: Acrostichumaureum L.; kingdom: Plantae; phylum: Monilophyta; class: Polypodiidae; order: Polypodiales; family: Pteridaceae; genus: Acrostichum; specificEpithet: aureum; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Africa; country: Togo; stateProvince: Maritime; decimalLatitude: 6.2333333; decimalLongitude: 1.2227778; geodeticDatum: WGS 1984; Identification: identifiedBy: J.-F. Brunel; Record Level: institutionID: Herbarium togoense; collectionID: TOGOGoogleMaps 

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 11960; recordNumber: 102; recordedBy: K. Akpagana; lifeStage: Adult; reproductiveCondition: Fertile; Taxon: nameAccordingToID: The Plant List; scientificName: Acrostichum aureum L.; kingdom: Plantae; phylum: Monilophyta; class: Polypodiidae; order: Polypodiales; family: Pteridaceae; genus: Acrostichum; specificEpithet: aureum; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Africa; country: Togo; stateProvince: Maritime; decimalLatitude: 6.2333333; decimalLongitude: 1.2227778; geodeticDatum: WGS 1984; Identification: identifiedBy: J.-F. Brunel; dateIdentified: /5/1983; Event: eventDate: /5/1983; Record Level: institutionID: Herbarium togoense; collectionID: TOGOGoogleMaps 

Ecological interactions

Native status

Native

Conservation status

Least Concern

Distribution

Togo (Ecological Zone 5), USA, U.S. Virgin Isl., Costa Rica, Galapagos, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cuba, Nicaragua, Barbados, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Trinidad, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Lucia, Grenada, Barbados, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Cayman Isl., Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Isl., Isla del Coco, Australia, South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique, SE-Zimbabwe, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Pemba Isl., Principe Isl., Sao Tomé, Bioko Isl., Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Angola, Madagascar, Mauritius, La Réunion, Micronesia, Palau Isl., Fiji, Western Samoa, American Samoa, Marianas, Society Isl., Tonga, New Caledonia, Niue, Austral Isl., China, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isl., peninsular Malaysia, India, Andaman Isl., Nicobar Isl., Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, Sulawesi

Notes

Acrostichum aureum  is a fern with erect rhizome and fronds in clumps. Young fronds are entire while adults are pinnate, measuring 1 to over 2m in length. The petiole is 30-50 cm long, rigid and naked. The leaf blade is oblong-lanceolate, about 50 cm to 2 m long, with lanceolate pinnae. The pinnae are 20-30 cm long for 3-5 cm wide, alternate, spaced about 3 cm, with cuneate-oblique base. The upper pinnae are sessile while basal pinnae are stalked (Fig. 4a). Fertile pinnae are slightly narrower and completely covered by sporangia on their underside (Fig. 4b). This fern grows in the backward of mangroves, forming almost impenetrable bushes.