Pheidole violacea , Wilson, E. O., 2003

Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 248

publication ID

20017

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7A30D5F5-DA52-6784-E479-F5E168C97AB2

treatment provided by

Donat

scientific name

Pheidole violacea
status

new species

Pheidole violacea  HNS  new species

Types INBio.

Etymology L violacea  HNS  , violet-colored, referring to the bluish to violaceous reflections of the minor body.

Diagnosis Major: medium brown body with bicolorous head; carinulae originating from the posterior sections of the frontal lobes curve laterally to end near the eyes; pilosity overall dense and very long; pronotal humerus comulate in dorsal-oblique view. Minor: body and head light brown with unusual local bluish reflections in certain lights.

Similar to boruca  HNS  of Costa Rica but that species is darker colored, lacking bluish or violaceous reflections in the minor; and the major has a foveate occiput, more extensive outward curving carinulae on the head, and rounded pronotal humeri in dorsal-oblique view.

See also the less similar aculifera  HNS  (in the fallax  HNS  group), prostrata  HNS  , and variegata  HNS  . Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.30, HL 1.36, SL 1.10, EL 1.02, PW 0.64. Paratype minor: HW 0.64, HL 0.80, SL 1.02, EL 0.20, PW 0.44.

Color Major: body and head concolorous medium brown, except for genae anterior to the eyes, which are yellowish brown; appendages light brown, tarsi yellow.

Minor: body and appendages concolorous light brown except tarsi, which are yellow; bluish to violaceous reflections occur over most of the body in certain angles of light, in small patches at a time.

Range Upper elevation of the Cordillera de Tilaran, on the Atlantic slope of Costa Rica (J. T. Longino 1997).

Biology Longino (1997): known only from the Penas Blancas Valley, where it nests in globular ant gardens in wet forest clearings. E.g.: "carton/soil fiorii-\ike nest on low vegetation. Polydomous, with one nest enveloping stems of shrub, second nest less than 1 m away on underside of Xanthosoma leaf. First nest was covered with small dicot seedlings, all at the cotyledon stage... A welldeveloped ant garden in front of house, with large epiphytes. Nest about half the size of a soccer ball, discrete and irregularly spherical, on stem of Urera ... I later saw more of these ant gardens, with the same Pheidole  HNS  and the same epiphytes." Winged queens were present in one nest 21 June 1991.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COSTA RICA: Rio Penas Blancas, Alajuela, 950 m (J. Longino). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Pheidole