Hypoponera surda Bolton & Fisher, Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2011

Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2011, Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2843, pp. 1-118: 104-106

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Hypoponera surda Bolton & Fisher

sp. n.

Hypoponera surda Bolton & Fisher  HNS  sp. n.

(Figs 118 – 120)

WORKER (holotype in parentheses). Measurements: HL 0.63 – 0.68 (0.66), HW 0.52 – 0.56 (0.54), HS 0.585 – 0.620 (0.600), SL 0.46 – 0.48 (0.48), PrW 0.40 – 0.42 (0.42), WL 0.86 – 0.90 (0.88), HFL 0.48 (0.48), PeNL 0.19 – 0.21 (0.20), PeH 0.40 – 0.45 (0.45), PeNW 0.28 – 0.30 (0.30), PeS 0.297 – 0.317 (0.317) (5 measured). Indices: CI 82 – 83 (82), SI 86 – 91 (89), PeNI 69 – 71 (71), LPeI 44 – 50 (44), DPeI 140 – 150 (150).

Eyes absent. Apex of scape, when laid straight back from its insertion, just fails to reach, or just touches, the midpoint of the posterior margin in full-face view; SL/HL 0.71 – 0.75. Cephalic dorsum finely reticulate-punctate. Pronotal dorsum almost smooth, obviously much less strongly and densely sculptured than cephalic dorsum. Metanotal groove absent from dorsum of mesosoma. Mesonotal-mesopleural suture absent from side of mesosoma. Propodeum weakly marginate between declivity and side. Posterior surface of petiole node with a series of very short cuticular ridges that radiate upward from the peduncle. Node of petiole in profile with the anterior and posterior faces parallel, the dorsum shallowly convex. Petiole node in dorsal view thickly D-shaped, posterior face transverse and anterior face strongly and quite narrowly convex. Subpetiolar process blunt or with a feeble ventral angle. Maximum width of first gastral tergite in dorsal view greater than width of second gastral tergite at its midlength . Cross-ribs at base of cinctus of second gastral tergite conspicuous. Midline length of second gastral posttergite , from posterior margin of cinctus to apex, is about equal to the width of the segment at its midlength. Disc of second gastral tergite with small punctures that are relatively widely spaced and separated by areas of glossy cuticle ; the diameters of the punctures are less than the distances that separate the punctures. First and second gastral tergites dorsally pubescent and with a number of short standing setae that project above the level of the pubescence.

Holotype worker (upper of two specimens on pin), Kenya: Embu, Kirimiri For. W. of Runyenje, 1550 m., 3.x.1977 (V. Mahnert & J.-L. Perret) (MHNG).

Paratypes. 8 workers with same data as holotype (MHNG, BMNH, CASC, BBRC).

Among the species that possess cuticular ridges at the base of the posterior face of the petiole node, surda  HNS  is fairly distinct. The two species faex  HNS  and hebes  HNS  have very coarse cephalic and pronotal sculpture, whereas in surda  HNS  the cephalic sculpture is fine and almost effaced on the pronotum. In addition, faex  HNS  is much larger (HW 0.72) and has well-developed eyes, while hebes  HNS  has a broader petiole node (PeNI 80 – 84) and very obvious long, standing setae on the first and second gastral tergites dorsally; these are much longer and more conspicuous than those of surda  HNS  . The remaining species, mixta  HNS  , jeanneli  HNS  , jocosa  HNS  , quaestio  HNS  and ursa  HNS  , have more densely packed punctate sculpture on the disc of the second gastral tergite, and have petiole nodes that are not distinctly thickly D-shaped in dorsal view. See also the notes under jeanneli  HNS  .