Schoenlandella latigena Kang, 2021

Kang, Ilgoo, Ameri, Ali & Sharkey, Michael J., 2021, Revision of Iranian Schoenlandella Cameron, 1905 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Cardiochilinae) with descriptions of two new species from Hormozgan province, Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 68 (2), pp. 261-268 : 261

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Schoenlandella latigena Kang

sp. nov.

Schoenlandella latigena Kang sp. nov.

Fig. 4A-G View Figure 4

Material examined.

Holotype: Iran • ♀, Bazyarai, Minab , Hormozgan; 27°10'36.83"N, 57°2'12.44"E.; 34 m; 06. V. 2016; Col. Ameri. GoogleMaps Paratypes: 1♀, same as holotype except for the colleting date; 21. IV. 2016. 1♂, Boo moosa ( Abu Musa ), Hormozgan; 25°52'52.37"N, 55°1'13.84"E; 9 m; 15. IV. 2016; Col. Ameri. GoogleMaps 2♀, Zakin , Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan; 27°50'25.33"N, 56°18'12.33"E; 1176 m; 09. IV. 2016; Col. Ameri. GoogleMaps 1♀, Mosaferabad, Roodan ( Rudan ), Hormozgan; 27°44'50.62"N, 57°13'36.08"E; 459 m; 06. V. 2016; Col. Ameri. GoogleMaps


Members of Schoenlandella latigena sp. nov. are most similar to members of S. deserta (Telenga, 1955). Compared to members of S. deserta , members of S. latigena sp. nov. possess a more elongate gena (Fig. 4A View Figure 4 ) and a melanic stigma (Fig. 4F View Figure 4 ). In addition, they share crenulate notauli (Fig. 4B View Figure 4 ) and a sculptured metapleuron (Fig. 4A View Figure 4 ). Members of S. latigena sp. nov. are also similar to members of an Afrotropical species, S. variegata (Szepligeti, 1913). Members of these two species share densely setose eyes, broad face and clypeus, ventrally melanic mesopleuron, apically infuscate wings, and short and slightly expanded hind basitarsus. However, members of S. latigena sp. nov. can be distinguished from S. variegata by having relatively shorter interommatidial setae (Fig. 4C View Figure 4 ), narrower face, longer gena, longer hind basitarsus, and longer and unfolded hypopygium (Notes: Female members of S. variegata have a medially folded hypopygium.) (Fig. 4D View Figure 4 ).


Body 6.25-6.45 mm. Head. Eye densely setaceous with short interommatidial setae. Antennomeres 32-33-segmented. Length of gena ~1.12 × longer than eye length in lateral view (47:42) (Fig. 4A View Figure 4 ). POL ~1.27 × broader than diameter of anterior ocellus (11:14). Face weakly sculptured, mostly finely punctate, ~0.85 × longer than its width (73:86). Clypeus with two strongly developed tubercles; width of clypeus ~2.59 × longer than its length (70:27). Galea elongated, ~2.15 × longer than clypeus height (58:27) (Fig. 4C View Figure 4 ). Mandible bidentate. Fifth maxillary palpomere as long as apical palpomere (15:15). Mesosoma. Notauli entirely crenulate and meeting acutely at base (Fig. 4B View Figure 4 ). Scutellar sulcus broad, with 6 or 7 crenulae. Length of scutellum 0.83 × longer than basal width of scutellum (54:65). Postscutellar depression crenulate, as long as anterior width of dorsellum. Dorsellum with or without median carina. Pronotum medially sculptured, carinate-rugose. Mesopleuron mostly smooth. Precoxal sulcus medially moderately crenulate not reaching anterior and posterior margins of mesopleuron. Episternal scrobe shallow and wavy. Posterior mesopleural furrow entirely crenulate. Metapleuron anteriorly smooth, posteriorly rugose; groove between metepimeron and metepisternum crenulate. Propodeum mostly rugulose; propodeal spiracle ovoid; median areola of propodeum well defined with carinate margin, carinate margin narrowly meeting anteriorly, posteriorly reaching submedian of nucha, its median width as long as its median length, transverse carina of propodeum reaching lateral margin of propodeum. Legs. Fore basitarsus ~0.90 × longer than combined length 2nd-4th tarsomeres (47:52). Mid-basitarsus ~0.89 × longer than combined length of 2nd-4th tarsomeres (54:61). Maximum width of hind femur ~1.65 × longer than apical width of hind tibia (51:31); cup-like projection of hind tibia absent; basal spur on hind tibia ~0.74 × longer than basitarsus (58:78). Hind basitarsus laterally slightly expanded, but not as expanded as Hartemita Cameron, 1910, ~0.90 × longer than combined length 2nd-4th tarsomeres (79:88) (Fig. 4E View Figure 4 ). Claws pectinate with obtuse apical tooth. Wings. Forewing wing length: ~5.21 mm. Hind wing length: ~4.36 mm. Forewing apically infuscate; 1r absent; 3r basally spectrally present (3♀) (Fig. 4F View Figure 4 ) or absent (2♀, 1♂); 3RSb broken basally, angled at basal fourth; second submarginal cell elongated; 1a absent. Hind wing infuscate at apical third; r entirely nebulous and pigmented; RS tubular at base, apically nebulous and pigmented; M+CU apparently shorter than 1M; M tubular at base, apically nebulous and pigmented, gradually fading apically; 2-1A present as basal stump. Metasoma. T1 ~1.15 × longer than its apical width (69:60). T2 entirely smooth, median length ~0.70 × longer than median length of T3 (38:54). Fourth and fifth metasomal sterna membranous posteriorly, medially unfolded. Hypopygium medially slightly impressed, acute apically, its surface anteriorly fully sclerotized medio-posteriorly less sclerotized (Fig. 4D View Figure 4 ), its length as long as its height in lateral view (90:90). Ovipositor sheath slightly downcurved and gradually expanding from base to apex, anteriorly bare, posteriorly densely setose with long setae; length of protruded ovipositor sheath ~0.47 × longer than hind tibia (92:196). Ovipositor downcurved.

Male. Same as female except for the following characters: antenna 33-segmented, scutellar sulcus with 8 crenulae, scutellum antero-medially with melanic spot, propleuron ventrally melanic, mesopleuron mostly melanic, hind coxa brown medially.


Body mostly pale; the following areas are melanic: antenna, vertex, frons, apical mandible, galea, median mesonotal lobe mostly, lateral mesonotal lobe anteriorly, ventral mesopleuron, inner hind tibia apically, apical hind tarsus, ovipositor sheath. Wings apically infuscate, stigma apically melanic.




Members of Schoenlandella latigena sp. nov. are known from Bandar Abbas, Minab, and Rudan counties as well as Boo Moosa island, Hormozgan, Iran (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 ).


From the Latin, lati -, meaning “broad” and gena, meaning “cheek”.