Bixa orellana L.

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341: 36

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.102.24380

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/7DA4FDF3-69E8-4DC0-EDD4-24C4C301CB69

treatment provided by

PhytoKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Bixa orellana L.
status

 

Bixa orellana L. 

Names.

Myanmar: thinbaw-tidin. English: achiote, annatto, lipstick-tree.

Range.

Tropical America.

Uses.

Seed: Used as a febrifuge and astringent.

Notes.

Medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Indigenous medicinal uses of this species in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) are described by Dagar and Singh (1999).

The medicinal uses of this plant in the Caribbean region, as well as its chemistry, biological activity, toxicity, and dosages, are discussed by Germosèn-Robineau (1997). The chemistry, pharmacology, history and medicinal uses of this species in Latin America are discussed in detail by Gupta (1995). The red dye from the seed arils contains a mixture of stereoisomers of bixin, a C-24 diapocarotenoid [having purgative action ( Lan et al. 1998)]; and, the leaf-oil is a rich source of numerous terpenes ( Mors et al. 2000).

Reference.

Nordal (1963).

Kingdom

Plantae

Phylum

Tracheophyta

Class

Magnoliopsida

Order

ORDO

Family

FAMILIA

Genus

Bixa