Pholcus krabi Huber
Berhard A. Huber, Booppa Petchard, Charles Leh Moi Ung, Joseph K. H. Koh & Amir R. M. Ghazali, 2016, The Southeast Asian Pholcus halabala species group (Araneae, Pholcidae): new data from field observations and ultrastructure, European Journal of Taxonomy 190, pp. 1-55: 28-30
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|Pholcus krabi Huber|
Pholcus krabi Huber , sp. nov.
Distinguished from similar species (other species in the Ph. krabi group) by morphology of male palps ( Figs 111–112View Figs 111 – 115; unique shapes of small uncus and small appendix; distinctive procursus with prolateral process ending in heavily sclerotized tip) and by distinctive pair of small dark internal structures in internal female genitalia (arrow in Fig. 114View Figs 111 – 115).
The species name is derived from the type locality; noun in apposition.
THAILAND: holotype, ♂, ZFMK ( Ar 15035), Krabi , Khao Phanom Bencha National Park, trails near headquarters (8°14.6' N, 98°55.0' E), 110 m a.s.l., domed webs among forest vegetation, 8 Mar. 2015 (B.A. Huber, B. Petcharad)GoogleMaps .
Other material examined
THAILAND: 3 ♂♂, 4 ♀♀, ZFMK ( Ar 15036–37), same data as holotypeGoogleMaps ; 2 ♀♀, 4 juvs, in absolute ethanol, ZFMK ( Mal 338), same dataGoogleMaps ; 2 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀, ZFMK ( Ar 15038–39), Surat Thani, Khao Sok National Park, forest along nature trail (8°54.8' N, 98°29.3'– 98°30.5' E), domed webs among vegetation, 110–160 m a.s.l., 11–12 Mar. 2015 (B.A. Huber, B. Petcharad)GoogleMaps ; 3 ♀♀, in absolute ethanol, ZFMK ( Mal 357), same dataGoogleMaps ; 2 ♂♂, 3 ♀♀, ZFMK ( Ar 15040), Ranong, Klong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary (9°27.6' N, 98°30.7' E), 40 m a.s.l., forest, domed webs among vegetation, 12 Mar. 2015 (B.A. Huber, B. Petcharad)GoogleMaps ; 3 ♀♀, in absolute ethanol, ZFMK ( Mal 363), same dataGoogleMaps .
MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 4.1, carapace width 0.95. Leg 1: 34.8 (8.3 + 0.4 + 8.3 + 15.5 + 2.3), tibia 2: 5.2, tibia 3: 2.9, tibia 4: 4.5; tibia 1 L/d: 86. Distance PME-PME 375 µm, diameter PME 105 µm, distance PME-ALE ~35 µm; AME absent.
COLOR. Carapace pale ochre to whitish with small dark median mark, ocular area and clypeus with light brown pattern; sternum whitish; palps reddish; legs pale ochre to whitish with brown patellae and tibia-metatarsus joints; abdomen pale gray with very indistinct darker marks dorsally and laterally, monochromous ventrally.
BODY. Habitus as in Figs 102–103View Figs 102 – 109; ocular area slightly raised and each triad on short stalk directed laterad ( Fig. 116View Figs 116 – 123); carapace without median furrow; clypeus unmodified; sternum wider than long (0.60/0.48), unmodified. ALS with only two spigots (one widened, one pointed; Fig. 122View Figs 116 – 123).
PALPS. As in Figs 111–112View Figs 111 – 115; coxa unmodified; trochanter with long retrolatero-ventral apophysis directed first laterad then bending sharply ventrad ( Fig. 119View Figs 116 – 123); femur with small retrolatero-dorsal process; tibia large; procursus with distinctive prolateral process ending in heavily sclerotized tip ( Fig. 120View Figs 116 – 123), with sclerotized and membranous pointed processes ventrally; bulb with indistinct prolateral process, strong proximal sclerite, small uncus and small appendix ( Fig. 121View Figs 116 – 123), weakly sclerotized embolus.
LEGS. Without spines and curved hairs; few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 3%; prolateral trichobothrium absent on tibia 1, present on other tibiae; tarsus 1 pseudosegments not seen in dissecting microscope. Tarsus 4 comb-hairs of the simplified Pholcus - type (cf. Huber & Fleckenstein 2008), with five lateral tines ( Fig. 123View Figs 116 – 123).
Tibia 1 in 6 other males: 7.7–8.3 (mean 8.1).
In general similar to male ( Figs 104–105View Figs 102 – 109) but eye triads on low humps and closer together ( Fig. 117View Figs 116 – 123; PME-PME distance: 220 µm); clypeus and ocular area frontally black; sternum anterior part slightly darker. Tibia 1 in 12 females: 6.3–7.3 (mean 6.8). Epigynum weakly sclerotized slightly bulging plate with semi-transparent posterior ‘knob’, internal anterior arch and distinctive small sclerites visible through cuticle ( Figs 114View Figs 111 – 115, 134–135View Figs 134 – 142); internal genitalia as in Figs 115View Figs 111 – 115 and 136View Figs 134 – 142, with straight anterior sclerite and oval pore plates.
At Phanom Bencha, all eight specimens were collected from two bushes close to each other. Two days of intensive search in various parts of the forest did not result in any further specimens. At Khao Sok, all specimens were found in degraded forest close to the park road; none was found in well preserved forest.
Known from three localities in southern Thailand ( Fig. 110View Fig. 110).
Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"
USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum
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