Pholcus narathiwat Huber

Berhard A. Huber, Booppa Petchard, Charles Leh Moi Ung, Joseph K. H. Koh & Amir R. M. Ghazali, 2016, The Southeast Asian Pholcus halabala species group (Araneae, Pholcidae): new data from field observations and ultrastructure, European Journal of Taxonomy 190, pp. 1-55: 33-35

publication ID

10.5852/ejt.2016.190

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BE92596B-62D9-46CD-8486-CF6B36C640B11

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0127E1C4-BABC-4C33-A92E-65744D43D8E2

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:0127E1C4-BABC-4C33-A92E-65744D43D8E2

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Pholcus narathiwat Huber
status

sp. nov.

Pholcus narathiwat Huber  , sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:0127E1C4-BABC-4C33-A92E-65744D43D8E2

Figs 106–107View Figs 102 – 109, 124–128View Figs 124 – 128, 137–139View Figs 134 – 142

Diagnosis

Distinguished from similar species (other species in the Ph. krabi  group) by morphology of male palps ( Figs 124–125View Figs 124 – 128; unique shape of bifid appendix; shape of uncus; procursus with strong distal ventral sclerite, similar only in Ph. chiangdao  ) and by distinctive rounded sclerites in internal female genitalia ( Fig. 127View Figs 124 – 128).

Etymology

The species name is derived from the type locality; noun in apposition.

Type material

THAILAND: holotype, ♂, ZFMK ( Ar 15041), Narathiwat  , Hala Bala Wildlife Sanctuary, ‘site 3’ (5°48.4' N, 101°49.4' E), 180 m a.s.l., forest near road, domed webs among vegetation, 2 Mar. 2015 (B.A. Huber, B. Petcharad)GoogleMaps  .

Other material examined

THAILAND: 1 ♀, together with holotype;GoogleMaps  1 ♀, in absolute ethanol, ZFMK ( Mal 312), same data but at 220 m a.s.lGoogleMaps  .; 1 ♀, in absolute ethanol, ZFMK ( Mal 316), same locality but ‘site 1’, forest at river near headquarters (5°47.8' N, 101°49.9' E), 90 m a.s.l., 2 Mar. 2015 (B.A. Huber, B. Petcharad), night collectingGoogleMaps  .

Description

Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 3.9, carapace width 1.0. Leg 1: 30.6 (7.2 + 0.4 + 7.3 + 13.5 + 2.2), tibia 2: 4.4, tibia 3: 2.4, tibia 4: 4.1; tibia 1 L/d: 76. Distance PME-PME 350 µm, diameter PME 95 µm, distance PME-ALE ~35 µm; AME absent.

COLOR. Carapace pale ochre-yellow with light brown median line and V-mark, ocular area and clypeus light brown; sternum whitish; palps orange; legs pale ochre-yellow with darker brown patellae and tibiametatarsus joints; abdomen pale gray with some indistinct marks dorsally.

BODY. Habitus as in Fig. 106View Figs 102 – 109; ocular area slightly raised and each triad on short stalk directed laterad; carapace without median furrow; clypeus unmodified; sternum wider than long (0.60/0.52), unmodified.

CHELICERAE. As in Fig. 126View Figs 124 – 128, with large proximal lateral processes and pair of rounded distal apophyses without modified hairs.

PALPS. As in Figs 124–125View Figs 124 – 128; coxa unmodified; trochanter with retrolatero-ventral apophysis directed first laterad then bending sharply ventrad; femur with small retrolatero-dorsal process proximally; tibia large; procursus distally complex, with distinctive strong ventral apophysis; bulb with strong proximal sclerite, with uncus, with distinctive bifid appendix (prolateral part with large scales), short weakly sclerotized embolus.

LEGS. Without spines and curved hairs; few vertical hairs; retrolateral trichobothrium on tibia 1 at 4%; prolateral trichobothrium absent on tibia 1, present on other tibiae; tarsus 1 with> 20 pseudosegments, only distally fairly distinct.

Female

In general similar to male ( Fig. 107View Figs 102 – 109) but eye triads on low humps and closer together (PME-PME distance: 235 µm), ocular area and clypeus either with one large black mark (1 ♀) or with two transversal black bands (2 ♀♀). Tibia 1: 5.9, 6.3, 6.6. Epigynum weakly sclerotized slightly bulging plate with posterior ‘knob’, internal anterior arch and distinctive rounded sclerites poorly visible through cuticle ( Figs 127View Figs 124 – 128, 137–138View Figs 134 – 142); internal genitalia as in Figs 128View Figs 124 – 128 and 139View Figs 134 – 142.

Natural history

Three of the four specimens were collected from a single bush. Three days of intensive collecting at the type locality resulted in only one further specimen. The ATOL Expedition in 2003 did not collect this species. The domed webs were easily visible among the vegetation, about 1–1.5 m above the ground.

Distribution

Known from type locality in southern Thailand only ( Fig. 110View Fig. 110).

ZFMK

Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"

AME

USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Pholcus