Peliococcus kimmericus (Kiritshenko),

Moghaddam, Masumeh, 2013, A review of the mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae, Putoidae and Rhizoecidae) of Iran, with descriptions of four new species and three new records for the Iranian fauna, Zootaxa 3632 (1), pp. 1-107: 40-43

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Peliococcus kimmericus (Kiritshenko)


Peliococcus kimmericus (Kiritshenko) 

( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21)

Phenacoccus kimmericus Kiritshenko, 1940: 189  . Peliococcus kimmericus  ; Borchsenius, 1949: 247. Peliococcus pseudozillae Borchsenius, 1949: 248  . Peliococcus bitubulatus Borchsenius, 1949: 251  . Peliococcus mesasiaticus Borchsenius & Kozarzhevskaya, 1966: 40  . Peliococcus xerophylus Bazarov, 1971: 92  .

DIAGNOSIS. Mounted adult female broadly oval. Anal lobes with a slightly sclerotized anal lobe bar. Antennae 9 segmented. Legs well developed, claws with a denticle. Translucent pores apparently absent on hind legs. Cerarii numbering 18 pairs. Anal lobe cerarii each with 2 lanceolate setae, plus 1 minute seta and 10–13 trilocular pores. Anterior cerarii each with 2 lanceolate setae and 2–5 trilocular pores; ocular cerarii (C 3) usually each with 3 setae and 3 trilocular pores. Circulus present, divided by an intersegmental line. Ostioles well developed. Dorsal surface with short lanceolate setae, plus some minute setae, each about as long as width of setal collar. Some setae resembling cerarii, with 1 or 2 lanceolate setae and 1 or 2 trilocular pores at base, present medially and submedially on head, thorax, and abdominal segments. Ventral surface with flagellate setae, plus a few short lanceolate setae around margins. Multilocular disc pores present on dorsum across abdominal segments IV –VII, some associated with large and small type of oral collar ducts; also present on venter, across abdominal segments IV –VII, posterior to vulva, on submargin and margin of metathorax, and on abdominal segments I –IV. Quinquelocular pores occurring in moderate numbers near mouthparts, medially on thorax, and across medial areas of abdominal segments I and II. Trilocular pores evenly dispersed on dorsum and venter. Discoidal pores minute, few, scattered. Dorsal oral collar ducts of 2 sizes: large type always associated with small type, present on head, thorax and across abdominal segments 1 –VII. Ventral oral collar ducts, similar to those on dorsum, present on submargins of abdominal segments II –VII; small type ducts located medially on thorax and abdominal segments.

DISTRIBUTION. Palaearctic: Afghanistan, Armenia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. In Iran, P. k i m m e r i c u s is only known from Fars. It is known from 10 plant families worldwide (Ben- Dov et al., 2012).

MATERIAL EXAMINED. Fars: Shiraz, Bamu National Park, 28.v. 2010, 1 adult Ƥ, on Noaea  sp. ( Chenopodiaceae  ), 1841 m. Khouzestan: Shadegan, Jefal, 20 adult Ƥ, on Prosopis stephaniana  ( Fabaceae  ), 10.v. 2002. COMMENTS: Fallahzadeh et al. (2006) recorded the natural enemy Anagyrus matritensis (Mercet)  ( Hymenoptera  : Ecyrtidae) on P. kemmericus  . The plant family Chenopodiaceae  is a new record for P. k e m m e r i c u s.