Antonina crawi Cockerell,

Moghaddam, Masumeh, 2013, A review of the mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae, Putoidae and Rhizoecidae) of Iran, with descriptions of four new species and three new records for the Iranian fauna, Zootaxa 3632 (1), pp. 1-107: 10-12

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Antonina crawi Cockerell


Antonina crawi Cockerell 

( Fig. 3View FIGURE 3)

Antonina crawi Cockerell, 1900: 70  . Antonina (Antonina) crawii  ; Goux, 1937: 94.

DIAGNOSIS. Adult female elongate oval; posterior apex of last 2 or 3 abdominal segments sclerotized. Antennae apparently reduced to 2 or 3 segmented stubs. Legs usually represented by an inconspicuous sclerotized area or small dermal pocket, sometimes absent. Eyes absent. Spiracles with 2 sizes of trilocular pores in sclerotized area surrounding atrium. Cerarii absent. Only posterior pair of ostioles present. Circulus absent. Posterior abdominal setae enlarged, subconical. Anal ring invaginated in anal tube; anal tube internally with a ring of multilocular pores and tubular ducts. With 28–66 multilocular disc pores on each side of body in area delimited by posterior edges of each anterior and posterior spiracle. Oral collar ducts of 2 sizes: large type, distributed on margins and across abdominal posterior segments on both dorsum and venter; and small type evenly distributed across remainder of both surfaces.

DISTRIBUTION. Australasian, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oriental, Palaearctic: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, England, Georgia, Iran, Japan, Russia, Scotland, South Korea, Spain and Ukraine. A. crawi  is known on Poaceae  and Rubiaceae  worldwide (Ben-Dov et al., 2012).

COMMENTS. Any material of A. crawi  has been available for critical study. Kozár et al. (1996) listed it in the checklist of Iranian coccids. This species differs from A. graminis  in possessing multilocular disc pores around the entire margin and in lacking the small invaginated pocket behind each posterior spiracle. The accompanying illustration and diagnosis first appeared in Williams & Miller (2002) and are used here with permission from the editor Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington.