Eumeninae,

Pannure, Arati & Carpenter, James M., 2016, Taxonomic studies on potter wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) of south India, Zootaxa 4171 (1), pp. 1-50: 11-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4171.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9E2B5797-D8C0-4E6D-AE1C-7FF7C2314912

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/8133EA03-9473-3750-FF31-1CB5B8C1FA4F

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eumeninae
status

 

Key to the genera of Eumeninae  from south India

1. Metasoma petiolate, T 1 in dorsal view usually longer, less than half as wide as T2 ( Figs 74–78View FIGURES 74 – 78)....................... 2

- Metasoma not petiolate, T 1 in dorsal view usually broader, more than half as wide as T2 ( Figs 79–85View FIGURES 79 – 85)................. 13

2. Mid tibia with two spurs ( Fig. 44View FIGURES 37 – 47)........................................................................ 3

- Mid tibia with one spur ( Figs 45–47View FIGURES 37 – 47)...................................................................... 4

3. Propodeal orifice narrow dorsally ( Fig. 37View FIGURES 37 – 47); submarginal carina strongly produced, propodeal valvula elongate and free from submarginal carina posteriorly ( Fig. 38View FIGURES 37 – 47)....................................................... Zethus Fabricius 

- Propodeal orifice broad and rounded dorsally ( Fig. 39View FIGURES 37 – 47); submarginal carina weakly produced, propodeal valvula and submar- ginal carina not free posteriorly ( Fig. 40View FIGURES 37 – 47).................................................... Discoelius Latreille 

4. Mesosoma globular, as wide as high ( Fig. 13View FIGURES 13 – 18)............................................................... 5

- Mesosoma more or less flattened dorso-ventrally, distinctly longer than high ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 13 – 18)............................... 8

5. Pronotum without pretegular carina ( Fig. 17View FIGURES 13 – 18); T2 with apical lamella ( Fig. 72View FIGURES 64 – 73)....................... Eumenes Latreille 

- Pronotum with pretegular carina ( Fig. 18View FIGURES 13 – 18); T2 without apical lamella ( Fig. 73View FIGURES 64 – 73).................................... 6

6. T1 (petiole length) less than 1.25 × length of mesosoma, never shorter than mesosoma ( Fig. 64View FIGURES 64 – 73)......... Delta de Saussure 

- T1 (petiole length) 1.25 × or more length of mesosoma ( Fig. 65View FIGURES 64 – 73)............................................... 7

7. Fore wing with prestigma longer than pterostigma ( Fig. 58View FIGURES 55 – 63); F11 of ♂ long and hooked ( Fig. 9View FIGURES 1 – 12).... Phimenes Giordani Soika 

- Fore wing with prestigma shorter or equals pterostigma ( Fig. 59View FIGURES 55 – 63); F11 of ♂ short, not hooked ( Fig. 10View FIGURES 1 – 12)................................................................................................ Oreumenoides (de Saussure) 

8. Axillary fossa oval ( Fig. 25View FIGURES 25 – 30); propodeal valvula not fused to submarginal carina, submarginal carina produced as a pointed pro- cess above valvula ( Fig. 41View FIGURES 37 – 47); SMC2 basally truncate ( Fig. 55View FIGURES 55 – 63); Body size smaller than 10 mm ........................ 9

- Axillary fossa slit-like ( Fig. 26View FIGURES 25 – 30); propodeal valvula fused to submarginal carina, submarginal carina not produced as a pointed process above valvula ( Fig. 42View FIGURES 37 – 47); SMC2 basally acute ( Figs 56–61View FIGURES 55 – 63); Body size more than 10 mm ..................... 10

9. Female with a distinct subcircular fovea below median ocellus ( Fig. 3View FIGURES 1 – 12); metanotum unidentate ( Fig. 49View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48); propodeum not pro- duced; T 1 in dorsal view conspicuously swollen in apical half ( Fig. 66View FIGURES 64 – 73)............................. Labus de Saussure 

- Female without fovea below median ocellus; metanotum not unidentate, precipitous ( Fig. 35View FIGURES 31 – 36); propodeum with extensive hor- izontal portion, somewhat narrowed apically, behind the postscutellum, abruptly sloping posteriorly ( Figs 35View FIGURES 31 – 36, 67View FIGURES 64 – 73); T 1 in dorsal view not conspicuously swollen in apical half ( Fig. 67View FIGURES 64 – 73).................................. Cyrtolabulus van der Vecht 

10. Mesepisternum with epicnemial carina absent ( Fig. 15View FIGURES 13 – 18)...................................................... 11

- Mesepisternum with epicnemial carina present ( Fig. 16View FIGURES 13 – 18)...................................................... 12

11. Fore wing with prestigma longer than pterostigma ( Fig. 56View FIGURES 55 – 63); female with cephalic foveae ( Fig. 5View FIGURES 1 – 12)... Pareumenes de Saussure 

- Fore wing with prestigma shorter than pterostigma; female without cephalic foveae............. Pseumenes Giordani Soika 

12. Mesoscutum without notauli ( Fig. 27View FIGURES 25 – 30); S1 transversely striate posteriorly ( Fig. 71View FIGURES 64 – 73)............. Coeleumenes van der Vecht 

- Mesoscutum with notauli; S1 irregularly rugose posteriorly................................ Pseudozumia de Saussure 

13. SMC2 petiolate anteriorly ( Fig. 62View FIGURES 55 – 63); propodeal orifice narrow dorsally............... Alastor Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau 

- SMC2 not petiolate anteriorly ( Figs 55-61View FIGURES 55 – 63); propodeal orifice broad and rounded dorsally.......................... 14

14. Anterior face of pronotum with two small, deeply impressed medial pits or foveae; which may be sparse ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 19 – 24), contiguous ( Figs 21, 22View FIGURES 19 – 24), or faint in some species..................................................................... 15

- Anterior face of pronotum without medial pits or foveae ( Fig. 19View FIGURES 19 – 24).............................................. 19

15. T1 without transverse carina........................................................................... 16

- T1 with transverse carina ( Figs 51–53View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48)................................................................... 17

16. Anterior face of pronotum with foveae coalesced, punctate laterally ( Fig. 21View FIGURES 19 – 24), T1 subsessile, in dorsal view usually narrower than T2 ( Fig. 79View FIGURES 79 – 85).............................................................. Paraleptomenes GiordaniSoika 

- Anterior face of pronotum usually with foveae separated, smooth laterally; T 1 in dorsal view about as broad as T2........................................................................................ Stenodynerus de Saussure 

17. T1 with two transverse carinae close together at crest of declivity ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48); T1 wider than long in dorsal view ( Fig. 51View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48).................................................................................. Subancistrocerus de Saussure 

- T1 with one transverse carina ( Figs 52–53View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48); T1 variable in dorsal view......................................... 18

18. Anterior face of pronotum with foveae separated ( Fig. 20View FIGURES 19 – 24); T1 smooth basally, forming acarinarium beneath apex of T1 that is often full of mites; T 1 in dorsal view wide and sessile ( Fig. 80View FIGURES 79 – 85)............................. Parancistrocerus Bequaert 

- Anterior face of pronotum with foveae coalesced (foveae contiguous) ( Figs 21, 22View FIGURES 19 – 24); T1 without acarinarium; T 1 in dorsal view longer than wide, T2 much wider than T1......................................... Pseudonortonia Giordani Soika 

19. T1 with transverse carina ( Fig. 54View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48)................................................. Lissodynerus Giordani Soika 

- T1 without transverse carina ( Figs 81–84View FIGURES 79 – 85)................................................................. 20

20. T1 with transparent or translucent apical border ( Fig. 81View FIGURES 79 – 85).................................................... 21

- T1 without transparent or translucent apical border ( Figs 82–84View FIGURES 79 – 85)...............................................23

21. Parategula not visible from above; tegulae posteriorely bent inwards ( Fig. 31View FIGURES 31 – 36)................... Knemodynerus Blüthgen 

- Parategula visible from above ( Figs 33, 35, 36View FIGURES 31 – 36)............................................................. 22

22. Metanotum semicircular in shape from above ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 25 – 30); tegula exceeds parategula posteriorly ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 25 – 30)................................................................................................... Antodynerus de Saussure 

- Metanotum not semicircular in shape from above; tegula not exceeds parategula posteriorly....... Euodynerus Dalla Torre 

23. Metanotum bidentate ( Fig. 48View FIGURES 48 – 54. 48)........................................................ Antepipona de Saussure 

- Metanotum not dentate................................................................................ 24

24. Tegula never exceeds parategula posteriorly ( Fig. 36View FIGURES 31 – 36); axillary fossa much narrower than long, sometimes slit-like, ( Figs 30View FIGURES 25 – 30, 36View FIGURES 31 – 36)................................................................................................ 25

- Tegula usually exceeds parategula posteriorly, or at least equalling it ( Figs 32–33View FIGURES 31 – 36); axillary fossa oval, at least as wide as long ( Fig. 32View FIGURES 31 – 36)........................................................................................... 29

25. Fore wing with prestigma half or less than the length of the pterostigma................. Stenodyneriellus Giordani Soika 

- Fore wing with prestigma more than half the length of the pterostigma, often nearly equal ( Figs 60, 61View FIGURES 55 – 63)................ 26

26. SMC 3 separated from the apex of marginal cell by distance shorter than its minimum width ( Fig.60View FIGURES 55 – 63)................................................................................................ Allorhynchium van der Vecht 

- SMC3 separated from the apex of marginal cell by distance longer than its minimum width ( Fig.61View FIGURES 55 – 63)................. 27

27. Scutum posteriorly and scutellum anteriorly smooth and impunctate ( Fig. 30View FIGURES 25 – 30)...................... Rhynchium Spinola 

- Scutum and scutellum punctate ( Fig. 29View FIGURES 25 – 30).................................................................. 28

28. Mesepisternum without epicnemial carina.............................................. Indodynerus Gusenleitner 

- Mesepisternum with epicnemial carina present........................................ Anterhynchium de Saussure 

29. T1 subsessile, in dorsal view narrower than T2 ( Fig. 85View FIGURES 79 – 85)................................. Apodynerus Giordani Soika 

- T1 sessile, in dorsal view about as wide as T2.............................................................. 30

30. Metanotum projecting over propodeum; propodeum with sclerotized dorsolateral projections ( Fig. 32View FIGURES 31 – 36); propodeum with submarginal carina not differentiated from valvula; SMC2 with second recurrent vein far from SMC3.................................................................................................. Xenorhynchium van der Vecht 

- Metanotum not projecting over propodeum; propodeum without dorsolateral projections; propodeum with submarginal carina projecting as rounded lobe above valvula; propodeal valvula free from submarginal carina posteriorly; SMC2 with second recurrent vein nearly or completely interstitial with SMC3 ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 55 – 63).............................. Epsilon de Saussure 

SMC

Sedgwick Museum