Hemilepistus cristatus Budde-Lund, 1885, Budde-Lund, 1885

Kashani, Ghasem M., Sari, Alireza & Hosseinie, Shidokht, 2010, Terrestrial isopods of the subgenus Hemilepistus (Hemilepistus) Budde-Lund, 1879 (Isopoda: Oniscidea) from Iran, Zootaxa 2549, pp. 54-68: 57-60

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.196787

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/81561129-C766-E14C-FF21-F990FCC428D3

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Hemilepistus cristatus Budde-Lund, 1885
status

 

Hemilepistus cristatus Budde-Lund, 1885  

Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 D –F, 4

Hemilepistus cristatus Budde-Lund, 1885: 153   .– Borutzky, 1945: 193.– 1978: 34.– Lincoln, 1970: 121. Hemilepistus uljanini Borutzky, 1955: 216   .– 1958: 1469.– 1961: 26.

Material examined. Robate Gharebil, 37 ˚ 20.3 'N, 56 ˚ 15.5 'E, 6 May 2008, 7 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1030); [30 km] N of Gonbad Qaboos, 37 ˚ 25.6 'N, 55 ˚06.0'E, 10 September 2008, 5 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1031); Gonbad to Maraveh Tappeh, 37 ˚ 42.9 'N, 54 ˚53.0'E, 10 September 2008, 9 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1032); Gonbad to Marave Tappeh, 37 ˚ 56.1 'N, 55 ˚ 22.9 'E, 10 September 2008, 3 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1033); Hemmatabad, 37 ˚ 54.4 'N, 55 ˚ 42.3 'E, 10 September 2008, 5 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1034); Marave Tappeh, 37 ˚ 54.2 'N, 55 ˚ 56.6 'E, 10 September 2008, 6 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1035); Bojnourd to Raaz, 37 ˚ 41.7 'N, 56 ˚ 55.2 'E, 11 September 2008, 6 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1036); Robat Gharebil, 37 ˚ 20.3 'N, 56 ˚ 15.5 'E, 11 September 2008, 3 specimens ( ZUTC Iso. 1037).

Additional material. Iran, [3 km] S of Marave Tappeh, 37 ˚ 54 'N, 55 ˚ 56 'E, 28 June 2001, leg. T. Osten, det. H. Schmalfuss ( SMNS 1158); Persia, Serdscen, leg. Lessona, det. Arcangeli, misidentified as H. crenulatus   , syntypes, more than 50 specimens ( MRST Is- 371); Persia, Serdscen, syntypes, 2 specimens ( BMNH 1956.10.10: 156–157); Persia, Serdscen, Norman collection, cotypes, 4 specimens ( BMNH 1911.11.8: 10443 – 46); Turkmenia, Ashkhabad, leg. Walter in Budde-Lund collection, det. R. J. Lincoln, misidentified as H. klugii   , 5 specimens ( BMNH 1921.10.18: 4097–4101).

Remarks. Based on the pattern and number of tubercles on the head, this species is more similar to H. klugii   than any other species (compare Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 D and 5 A). Contrary to Budde-Lund (1885), Arcangeli (1932) contended that these species are synonymous based on comparison of specimens from Serdscen and Tehran at MRST. Examination and comparison of these material with the specimens from different localities and dates in Iran clearly showed that these are distinct species, based on the following criteria: the number of large tubercles on the head in H. cristatus   is usually more than those in H. klugii   and there are always many smaller tubercles on the head; large tubercles in mature individuals of H. cristatus   , as opposed to tubercles in H. klugii   that are nearly of the same size, are different in size and posterior tubercles are conspicuously larger than anterior ones; postero-lateral tubercles on the head as well as the lateral tubercles on the pereonites usually merge to form cube-shaped tubercles; posterior tubercles on pereonite 1–2 are large and form an upright crest in both sexes (in H. klugii   , only in males if at all); size of tubercles on pereonite 3 is markedly smaller than that on pereonites 1–2 (not much smaller in H. klugii   ); the largest individuals of H. cristatus   (19 mm) are smaller than adult specimens of H. klugii   (22 mm), which is reflected on the diameter of their nest entrance (personal observations).

In his review of the subgenus, Lincoln (1970) placed the specimens from Serdscen in H. cristatus   but he identified the specimens from Ashkhabad as H. klugii   . Examination of material by G. M. K. revealed that the latter belongs to H. cristatus   , and the data on geographical distribution support this identification. Schmalfuss (2003) questioned the presence of this species in Iran while its type locality in Budde-Lund (1885) recorded as Serdscen in Persia.

Distribution. Southern Turkmenia; Northeast Iran.

SMNS

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkund Stuttgart

MRST

Museo Regionale di Storia Naturale, Terrasini

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Malacostraca

Order

Isopoda

Family

Trachelipodidae

Genus

Hemilepistus

Loc

Hemilepistus cristatus Budde-Lund, 1885

Kashani, Ghasem M., Sari, Alireza & Hosseinie, Shidokht 2010
2010
Loc

Hemilepistus cristatus

Lincoln 1970: 121
Borutzky 1955: 216
Borutzky 1945: 193
Budde-Lund 1885: 153
1885