Scambus elegans (WOLDSTEDT 1877)

Mohammadi, Abbas, Salah-A & Lotfalizadeh, Hosseinali, 2016, Ichneumonid parasitoids of Tortrix viridana (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in the west of Iran, Linzer biologische Beiträge 48 (1), pp. 681-691 : 684

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Scambus elegans (WOLDSTEDT 1877)


* Scambus elegans (WOLDSTEDT 1877)

M a t e r i a l e x a m i n e d: IRAN, Kurdistan, Marivan, Colit (N= 35° 41′ E = 46° 18′, 1569 m a.s.l.), 1♀, 8.5.2013, ex. pupa of T. viridana , 1♀ 13, 26.5.2013, ex. pupae of T. viridana ; Ghaleji Village (N= 35° 22′ E = 46° 16′, 1264 m a.s.l.), 1♀, 24.5.2012, ex. pupa of T. viridana , 1♀ 13, 8.5.2013, ex. pupae of T. viridana , 1♀, 18.5.2013, ex. pupa of T. viridana , Leg. S. Kamangar .

G e n e r a l d i s t r i b u t i o n: Albania, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Russia-Krasnodar Kray, Serbia & Montenegro, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia ( YU et al. 2012) and Iran (new record).

D i a g n o s t i c c h a r a c t e r s: Ovipositor slightly laterally compressed, its basal teeth on top of the bottom valve form an angle with the longitudinal axis of about 30°; ovipositor sheath as long as metasoma; hypopygium with large membranous area extending from the base almost to the hind Seg quarter; 5th tarsomere of hind legs shorter than 2nd tarsomere; hind tibia with a dark pattern on the top and the base; length of antenna approximately equal to fore wing; thorax with abundant red pattern, pronotum red; pterostigma yellow with dark edges; punctures on 6th metasomal tergite with sharp edges.

H o s t s: There have been known 22 lepidopterous species as hosts of S. elegans which belong to the families Gelechidae, Tortricidae , Gracillariidae , Argirestiidae, Choreutidae , Lyonetidae, Pyralidae ( YU et al. 2012) . T. viridana is a new host record.

R e m a r k s: Scambus elegans was known as a solitary idiobiont pupal ectoparasitoid of T. viridana .